Afinitor (Everolimus Tablets)
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Afinitor (Everolimus Tablets)

AFINITOR
(everolimus) Tablets

DRUG DESCRIPTION

AFINITOR (everolimus), an inhibitor of mTOR, is an antineoplastic agent.

The chemical name of everolimus is (1R,9S,12S,15R,16E,18R,19R,21R,23S,24E,26E,28E,30S,32S,35R)-1,18- dihydroxy-12-{(1R)-2-[(1S,3R,4R)-4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-3-methoxycyclohexyl]-1-methylethyl}-19,30-dimethoxy-15,17,21,23,29,35-hexamethyl-11,36-dioxa-4-aza-tricyclo[30.3.1.04,9]hexatriaconta-16,24,26,28-tetraene-2,3,10,14,20-pentaone.

The molecular formula is C53H83NO14 and the molecular weight is 958.2. The structural formula is:

AFINITOR (everolimus) Structural Formula Illustration

AFINITOR is supplied as tablets for oral administration containing 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 7.5 mg, or 10 mg of everolimus together with butylated hydroxytoluene, magnesium stearate, lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, crospovidone, and lactose anhydrous as inactive ingredients.

What are the possible side effects of Afinitor (Afinitor)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; chest pain, difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using Afinitor and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • new or worsening cough, wheezing, feeling short of breath;
  • stabbing chest pain, cough with yellow or green mucus;
  • seizure (convulsions);
  • white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain, urinating less than usual or not at all;
  • fever,...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Afinitor »

What are the precautions when taking everolimus tablets (Afinitor)?

Before taking everolimus, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to sirolimus or temsirolimus; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, kidney disease, any recent/current infections, diabetes, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels.

Everolimus can make you more likely to get infections or may worsen any current infections. Therefore, wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infection. Avoid contact with people who have infections that may spread to others (such as chickenpox, measles, flu). Consult...

Read All Potential Precautions of Afinitor »

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

INDICATIONS

Advanced Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer (Advanced HR+ BC)

AFINITOR® is indicated for the treatment of postmenopausal women with advanced hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer (advanced HR+ BC) in combination with exemestane, after failure of treatment with letrozole or anastrozole.

Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors of Pancreatic Origin (PNET)

AFINITOR® is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with progressive neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic origin (PNET) with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic disease.

The safety and effectiveness of AFINITOR® in the treatment of patients with carcinoid tumors have not been established.

Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)

AFINITOR® is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with advanced RCC after failure of treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib.

Renal Angiomyolipoma with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)

AFINITOR® is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with renal angiomyolipoma and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), not requiring immediate surgery.

The effectiveness of AFINITOR in treatment of renal angiomyolipoma is based on an analysis of durable objective responses in patients treated for a median of 8.3 months. Further follow-up of patients is required to determine long-term outcomes.

Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma (SEGA)

AFINITOR® is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients, 3 years of age or older, with SEGA associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) who require therapeutic intervention but are not candidates for curative surgical resection.

The effectiveness of AFINITOR is based on an analysis of change in SEGA volume [see Clinical Studies]. Clinical benefit such as improvement in disease-related symptoms or increase in overall survival has not been demonstrated.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

AFINITOR should be administered orally once daily at the same time every day, either consistently with food or consistently without food [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

AFINITOR tablets should be swallowed whole with a glass of water. AFINITOR tablets should not be crushed. Do not take tablets which are crushed or broken. For patients unable to swallow tablets, AFINITOR tablet(s) should be dispersed completely in a glass of water (containing approximately 30 mL) by gently stirring, immediately prior to drinking. The glass should be rinsed with the same volume of water and the rinse should be completely swallowed to ensure that the entire dose is administered.

Continue treatment as long as clinical benefit is observed or until unacceptable toxicity occurs.

Recommended Dose in Advanced Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer, Advanced PNET, Advanced RCC and Renal Angiomyolipoma with TSC

The recommended dose of AFINITOR is 10 mg, to be taken once daily.

Dose Modifications in Advanced Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer, Advanced PNET, Advanced RCC, and Renal Angiomyolipoma with TSC

Management of Adverse Reactions

Management of severe or intolerable adverse reactions may require temporary dose reduction and/or interruption of AFINITOR therapy. If dose reduction is required, the suggested dose is approximately 50% lower than the daily dose previously administered [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Table 1 summarizes recommendations for dose reduction, interruption or discontinuation of AFINITOR in the management of adverse reactions. General management recommendations are also provided as applicable. Clinical judgment of the treating physician should guide the management plan of each patient based on individual benefit/risk assessment.

Table 1: AFINITOR Dose Adjustment and Management Recommendation for Adverse Reactions

Adverse Drug Reaction Severitya AFINITOR Dose Adjustmentb and Management Recommendations
Non-infectious pneumonitis Grade 1 Asymptomatic, radiographic findings only No dose adjustment required. Initiate appropriate monitoring.
Grade 2 Symptomatic, not interfering with ADLc Consider interruption of therapy, rule out infection and consider treatment with corticosteroids until symptoms improve to ≤ grade 1. Re-initiate AFINITOR at a lower dose. Discontinue treatment if failure to recover within 4 wks.
Grade 3 Symptomatic, interfering with ADLc; O2 indicated Interrupt AFINITOR until symptoms resolve to ≤ grade 1. Rule out infection, and consider treatment with corticosteroids. Consider re-initiating AFINITOR at a lower dose. If toxicity recurs at grade 3, consider discontinuation.
Grade 4 Life-threatening, ventilatory support indicated Discontinue AFINITOR, rule out infection, and consider treatment with corticosteroids.
Stomatitis Grade 1 Minimal symptoms, normal diet No dose adjustment required. Manage with non-alcoholic or salt water (0.9%) mouth wash several times a day.
Grade 2 Symptomatic but can eat and swallow modified diet Temporary dose interruption until recovery to grade ≤ 1. Re-initiate AFINITOR at the same dose.
If stomatitis recurs at grade 2, interrupt dose until recovery to grade ≤ 1. Re-initiate AFINITOR at a lower dose.
Manage with topical analgesic mouth treatments (e.g. benzocaine, butyl aminobenzoate, tetracaine hydrochloride, menthol or phenol) with or without topical corticosteroids (i.e. triamcinolone oral paste). d
Grade 3 Symptomatic and unable to adequately aliment or hydrate orally Temporary dose interruption until recovery to grade ≤ 1. Re-initiate AFINITOR at a lower dose.
Manage with topical analgesic mouth treatments (i.e. benzocaine, butyl aminobenzoate, tetracaine hydrochloride, menthol or phenol) with or without topical corticosteroids (i.e. triamcinolone oral paste).d
Grade 4 Symptoms associated with life-threatening consequences Discontinue AFINITOR and treat with appropriate medical therapy.
Other non-hematologic toxicities (excluding metabolic events) Grade 1 If toxicity is tolerable, no dose adjustment required. Initiate appropriate medical therapy and monitor.
Grade 2 If toxicity is tolerable, no dose adjustment required. Initiate appropriate medical therapy and monitor. If toxicity becomes intolerable, temporary dose interruption until recovery to grade ≤ 1. Re-initiate AFINITOR at the same dose. If toxicity recurs at grade 2, interrupt AFINITOR until recovery to grade ≤ 1. Re-initiate AFINITOR at a lower dose.
Grade 3 Temporary dose interruption until recovery to grade ≤ 1. Initiate appropriate medical therapy and monitor. Consider re-initiating AFINITOR at a lower dose. If toxicity recurs at grade 3, consider discontinuation.
Grade 4 Discontinue AFINITOR and treat with appropriate medical therapy.
Metabolic events (e.g. hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia) Grade 1 No dose adjustment required. Initiate appropriate medical therapy and monitor.
Grade 2 No dose adjustment required. Manage with appropriate medical therapy and monitor
Grade 3 Temporary dose interruption. Re-initiate Afinitor at a lower dose. Manage with appropriate medical therapy and monitor.
Grade 4 Discontinue AFINITOR and treat with appropriate medical therapy.
a Severity grade description: 1 = mild symptoms; 2 = moderate symptoms; 3 = severe symptoms; 4 = life-threatening symptoms.
b If dose reduction is required, the suggested dose is approximately 50% lower than the dose previously administered.
c Activities of daily living (ADL)
d Avoid using agents containing hydrogen peroxide, iodine, and thyme derivatives in management of stomatitis as they may worsen mouth ulcers.

Hepatic Impairment

Hepatic impairment will increase the exposure to everolimus [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Use In Specific Populations]. Dose adjustments are recommended:

  • Mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A) – The recommended dose is 7.5 mg daily; the dose may be decreased to 5 mg if not well tolerated.
  • Moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B) – The recommended dose is 5 mg daily; the dose may be decreased to 2.5 mg if not well tolerated.
  • Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C) – If the desired benefit outweighs the risk, a dose of 2.5 mg daily may be used but must not be exceeded.

Dose adjustments should be made if a patient's hepatic (Child-Pugh) status changes during treatment.

CYP3A4 and/or P-glycoprotein (PgP) Inhibitors

Avoid the use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, atazanavir, nefazodone, saquinavir, telithromycin, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, voriconazole) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Use caution when co-administered with moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitors (e.g., amprenavir, fosamprenavir, aprepitant, erythromycin, fluconazole, verapamil, diltiazem). If patients require co-administration of a moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitor, reduce the AFINITOR dose to 2.5 mg daily. The reduced dose of AFINITOR is predicted to adjust the area under the curve (AUC) to the range observed without inhibitors. An AFINITOR dose increase from 2.5 mg to 5 mg may be considered based on patient tolerance. If the moderate inhibitor is discontinued, a washout period of approximately 2 to 3 days should be allowed before the AFINITOR dose is increased. If the moderate inhibitor is discontinued, the AFINITOR dose should be returned to the dose used prior to initiation of the moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitor.

Strong CYP3A4 Inducers

Avoid the use of concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbital). If patients require co-administration of a strong CYP3A4 inducer, consider increasing the AFINITOR dose from 10 mg daily up to 20 mg daily, using 5 mg increments. This dose of AFINITOR is predicted, based on pharmacokinetic data, to adjust the AUC to the range observed without inducers. However, there are no clinical data with this dose adjustment in patients receiving strong CYP3A4 inducers. If the strong inducer is discontinued, the AFINITOR dose should be returned to the dose used prior to initiation of the strong CYP3A4 inducer [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Grapefruit, grapefruit juice, and other foods that are known to inhibit cytochrome P450 and PgP activity may increase everolimus exposures and should be avoided during treatment. St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) may decrease everolimus exposure unpredictably and should be avoided.

Recommended Dose in Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

The recommended starting dose of AFINITOR for treatment of patients with SEGA is according to Table 2:

Table 2: Recommended Starting Dose of AFINITOR for Treatment of Patients with SEGA

Body Surface Area (BSA) Starting Dose
0.5 m² to 1.2 m² 2.5 mg once daily
1.3 m² to 2.1 m² 5 mg once daily
Greater than or equal to 2.2 m² 7.5 mg once daily

Patients receiving AFINITOR may require dose adjustments based on everolimus whole blood trough concentrations achieved, tolerability, individual response, and change in concomitant medications including CYP3A4-inducing antiepileptic drugs [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and DRUG INTERACTIONS]. Dose adjustments can be made at two week intervals.

Evaluate SEGA volume approximately 3 months after commencing AFINITOR therapy and periodically thereafter, with subsequent dose adjustments taking into consideration changes in SEGA volume, corresponding trough concentration, and tolerability. Responses have been observed at trough concentrations as low as 3 ng/mL; as such, once acceptable efficacy has been achieved, additional dose increases may not be necessary.

AFINITOR has not been studied in patients with SEGA < 3 years of age or with BSA < 0.58 m².

The optimal duration of therapy for patients with SEGA is unknown.

Dose Modifications in Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

Management of Adverse Reactions

Management of severe or intolerable adverse reactions may require temporary dose reduction and/or interruption of AFINITOR therapy. If a dose reduction is required, the suggested dose is approximately 50% lower than the dose previously administered [see Table 1 and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. For dose reductions below the lowest available strength, consider alternate day dosing.

Hepatic Impairment

Adjustment to the recommended starting dose for patients with SEGA who have mild (Child-Pugh class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh class B) hepatic impairment may not be needed; however, subsequent dosing should be based on therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM).

AFINITOR is not recommended for use in patients with SEGA who have severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C).

Everolimus whole blood trough concentration should be assessed approximately 2 weeks after commencing treatment or after any change in hepatic status (Child-Pugh). Dosing should be titrated to attain trough concentrations of 5 to 10 ng/mL [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

CYP3A4 and/or P-glycoprotein (PgP) Inhibitors

Avoid the use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, atazanavir, nefazodone, saquinavir, telithromycin, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, voriconazole) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Use caution when co-administered with moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitors (e.g., amprenavir, fosamprenavir, aprepitant, erythromycin, fluconazole, verapamil, diltiazem). If patients require co-administration of a moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitor, reduce the AFINITOR dose by approximately 50% to maintain trough concentrations of 5 to 10 ng/mL. If dose reduction is required for patients receiving 2.5 mg daily, consider alternate day dosing. Subsequent dosing should be individualized based on therapeutic drug monitoring. Everolimus trough concentrations should be assessed approximately 2 weeks after the addition of a moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitor. If the moderate inhibitor is discontinued, the AFINITOR dose should be returned to the dose used prior to initiation of the moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitor and the everolimus trough concentration should be re-assessed approximately 2 weeks later [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Strong CYP3A4 Inducers

Avoid the use of concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbital). For patients requiring a concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducer, double the AFINITOR dose. Subsequent dosing should be individualized based on therapeutic drug monitoring. If the strong inducer is discontinued, the AFINITOR dose should be returned to the dose used prior to initiation of the strong CYP3A4 inducer and the everolimus trough concentrations should be assessed approximately 2 weeks later [See WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Grapefruit, grapefruit juice, and other foods that are known to inhibit cytochrome P450 and PgP activity may increase everolimus exposures and should be avoided during treatment. St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) may decrease everolimus exposure unpredictably and should be avoided.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

Routine everolimus whole blood therapeutic drug concentration monitoring is recommended for all patients using a validated assay. Trough concentrations should be assessed approximately 2 weeks after commencing treatment. Dosing should be titrated to attain trough concentrations of 5 to 10 ng/mL.

There is limited safety experience with patients having trough concentrations > 10 ng/mL. If concentrations are between 10 and 15 ng/mL, and the patient has demonstrated adequate tolerability and tumor response, no dose reductions are needed. The dose of AFINITOR should be reduced if trough concentrations > 15 ng/mL are observed.

If concentrations are < 5 ng/mL, the daily dose may be increased by 2.5 mg every 2 weeks, subject to tolerability. Daily dose may be reduced by 2.5 mg every 2 weeks to attain a target of 5 to 10 ng/mL. If dose reduction is required for patients receiving 2.5 mg daily, alternate day dosing should be used.

Trough concentrations should be assessed approximately 2 weeks after any change in dose, after an initiation or change in co-administration of CYP3A4 and/or PgP inducers or inhibitors, or after any change in hepatic status (Child-Pugh Classification) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, DRUG INTERACTIONS].

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

2.5 mg tablet

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “LCL” on one side and “NVR” on the other.

5 mg tablet

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “5” on one side and “NVR” on the other.

7.5 mg tablet

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “7P5” on one side and “NVR” on the other.

10 mg tablet

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “UHE” on one side and “NVR” on the other.

Storage And Handling

2.5 mg tablets

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “LCL” on one side and “NVR” on the other; available in:

Blisters of 28 tablets..................................................................NDC 0078-0594-51

Each carton contains 4 blister cards of 7 tablets each

5 mg tablets

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “5” on one side and “NVR” on the other; available in:

Blisters of 28 tablets..................................................................NDC 0078-0566-51

Each carton contains 4 blister cards of 7 tablets each

7.5 mg tablets

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “7P5” on one side and “NVR” on the other; available in:

Blisters of 28 tablets..................................................................NDC 0078-0620-51

Each carton contains 4 blister cards of 7 tablets each

10 mg tablets

White to slightly yellow, elongated tablets with a bevelled edge and no score, engraved with “UHE” on one side and “NVR” on the other; available in:

Blisters of 28 tablets..................................................................NDC 0078-0567-51

Each carton contains 4 blister cards of 7 tablets each

Store AFINITOR (everolimus) tablets at 25° C (77° F); excursions permitted between 15° –30° C (59° –86° F). See USP Controlled Room Temperature. Store in the original container, protect from light and moisture. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

Procedures for proper handling and disposal of anticancer drugs should be considered. Several guidelines on this subject have been published [see REFERENCES].

AFINITOR tablets should not be crushed. Do not take tablets which are crushed or broken.

REFERENCES

1. Motzer RJ, Bacik J, Schwartz LH, et al. Prognostic factors for survival in previously treated patients with metastatic renal cell cancer. J Clin Oncol (2004) 22:454-63.

2. NIOSH Alert: Preventing occupational exposures to antineoplastic and other hazardous drugs in healthcare settings. 2004. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-165.

3. OSHA Technical Manual, TED 1-0.15A, Section VI: Chapter 2. Controlling Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Drugs. OSHA, 1999. http://www.osha.gov/dts/osta/otm/otm_vi/otm_vi_2.html

4. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP guidelines on handling hazardous drugs. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. (2006) 63:1172-93.

5. Polovich, M., White, J. M., & Kelleher, L.O. (eds.) 2005. Chemotherapy and biotherapy guidelines and recommendations for practice (2nd. ed.) Pittsburgh, PA: Oncology Nursing Society.

Manufactured by: Novartis Pharma Stein AG Stein, Switzerland. Distributed by: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation East Hanover, New Jersey 07936. Revised: July 2012

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

SIDE EFFECTS

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in another section of the label [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]:

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, the adverse reaction rates observed cannot be directly compared to rates in other trials and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

Clinical Study Experience in Advanced Hormone-Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

The efficacy and safety of AFINITOR (10 mg/day) plus exemestane (25 mg/day) (n=485) versus placebo plus exemestane (25 mg/day) (n=239) was evaluated in a randomized, controlled trial in patients with advanced or metastatic hormone-receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The median age of patients was 61 years (range 28-93), and 75% were Caucasian. Safety results are based on a median follow-up of approximately 13 months.

The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 30%) were stomatitis, infections, rash, fatigue, diarrhea, and decreased appetite. The most common grade 3/4 adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 2%) were stomatitis, infections, hyperglycemia, fatigue, dyspnea, pneumonitis, and diarrhea. The most common laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥ 50%) were hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia, increased AST, anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, increased ALT, and hypertriglyceridemia. The most common grade 3/4 laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥ 3%) were lymphopenia, hyperglycemia, anemia, decreased potassium, increased AST, increased ALT, and thrombocytopenia.

Fatal adverse reactions occurred more frequently in patients who received AFINITOR plus exemestane (2%) compared to patients on the placebo plus exemestane arm (0.4%). The rates of treatment-emergent adverse events resulting in permanent discontinuation were 24% and 5% for the AFINITOR plus exemestane and placebo plus exemestane treatment groups, respectively. Dose adjustments (interruptions or reductions) were more frequent among patients in the AFINITOR plus exemestane arm than in the placebo plus exemestane arm (63% versus 14%).

Table 3 compares the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported with an incidence of ≥ 10% for patients receiving AFINITOR 10 mg daily versus placebo.

Table 3: Adverse Reactions Reported ≥ 10% of Patients with Advanced HR+ BC*

  AFINITOR (10 mg/day) + exemestanea
N=482
Placebo + exemestanea
N=238
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 % All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Any adverse reaction 100 41 9 90 22 5
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Stomatitisb 67 8 0 11 0.8 0
  Diarrhea 33 2 0.2 18 0.8 0
  Nausea 29 0.2 0.2 28 1 0
  Vomiting 17 0.8 0.2 12 0.8 0
  Constipation 14 0.4 0 13 0.4 0
  Dry mouth 11 0 0 7 0 0
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Fatigue 36 4 0.4 27 1 0
  Edema peripheral 19 1 0 6 0.4 0
  Pyrexia 15 0.2 0 7 0.4 0
  Asthenia 13 2 0.2 4 0 0
Infections and infestations
 Infectionsc 50 4 1 25 2 0
  Investigations
  Weight decreased 25 1 0 6 0 0
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Decreased appetite 30 1 0 12 0.4 0
  Hyperglycemia 14 5 0.4 2 0.4 0
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Arthralgia 20 0.8 0 17 0 0
  Back pain 14 0.2 0 10 0.8 0
  Pain in extremity 9 0.4 0 11 2 0
Nervous system disorders
  Dysgeusia 22 0.2 0 6 0 0
  Headache 21 0.4 0 14 0 0
Psychiatric disorders
  Insomnia 13 0.2 0 8 0 0
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough 24 0.6 0 12 0 0
  Dyspnea 21 4 0.2 11 0.8 0.4
  Epistaxis 17 0 0 1 0 0
  Pneumonitisd 19 4 0.2 0.4 0 0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash 39 1 0 6 0 0
  Pruritus 13 0.2 0 5 0 0
  Alopecia 10 0 0 5 0 0
Vascular disorders
  Hot flush 6 0 0 14 0 0
  Median Duration of Treatmente 23.9 weeks 13.4 weeks
CTCAE Version 3.0
*160 patients (33.2%) were exposed to AFINITOR therapy for a period of ≥ 32 weeks)
a Exemestane (25 mg/day)
b Includes stomatitis, mouth ulceration, aphthous stomatitis, glossodynia, gingival pain, glossitis and lip ulceration
c Includes all preferred terms within the 'infections and infestations' system organ class, the most common being nasopharyngitis (10%), urinary tract infection (10%), upper respiratory tract infection (5%), pneumonia (4%), bronchitis (4%), cystitis (3%), sinusitis (3%), and also including candidiasis ( < 1%), and sepsis ( < 1%), and hepatitis C ( < 1%).
d Includes pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, lung infiltration, and pulmonary fibrosis
eExposure to AFINITOR or placebo

Key observed laboratory abnormalities are presented in Table 4.

Table 4: Key Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in ≥ 10% of Patients with Advanced HR+ BC

Laboratory parameter AFINITOR (10 mg/day) + exemestanea
N=482
Placebo + exemestanea
N=238
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 % All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Hematologyb
Hemoglobin decreased 68 6 0.6 40 0.8 0.4
WBC decreased 58 1 0 28 5 0.8
Platelets decreased 54 3 0.2 5 0 0.4
Lymphocytes decreased 54 11 0.6 37 5 0.8
Neutrophils decreased 31 2 0 11 0.8 0.8
Clinical Chemistry
Glucose increased 69 9 0.4 44 0.8 0.4
Cholesterol increased 70 0.6 0.2 38 0.8 0.8
Aspartate transaminase (AST) increased 69 4 0.2 45 3 0.4
Alanine transaminase (ALT) increased 51 4 0.2 29 5 0
Triglycerides increased 50 0.8 0 26 0 0
Albumin decreased 33 0.8 0 16 0.8 0
Potassium decreased 29 4 0.2 7 1 0
Creatinine increased 24 2 0.2 13 0 0
CTCAE Version 3.0
a Exemestane (25 mg/day)
b Reflects corresponding adverse drug reaction reports of anemia, leukopenia, lymphopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia (collectively as pancytopenia), which occurred at lower frequency.

Clinical Study Experience in Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

In a randomized, controlled trial of AFINITOR (n=204) versus placebo (n=203) in patients with advanced PNET the median age of patients was 58 years (range 20-87), 79% were Caucasian, and 55% were male. Patients on the placebo arm could cross over to open-label AFINITOR upon disease progression.

The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 30%) were stomatitis, rash, diarrhea, fatigue, edema, abdominal pain, nausea, fever, and headache. The most common grade 3-4 adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 5%) were stomatitis and diarrhea. The most common laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥ 50%) were decreased hemoglobin, hyperglycemia, alkaline phosphatase increased, hypercholesterolemia, bicarbonate decreased, and increased aspartate transaminase (AST). The most common grade 3-4 laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥ 3%) were hyperglycemia, lymphopenia, decreased hemoglobin, hypophosphatemia, increased alkaline phosphatase, neutropenia, increased aspartate transaminase (AST), potassium decreased, and thrombocytopenia. Deaths during double-blind treatment where an adverse event was the primary cause occurred in 7 patients on AFINITOR and 1 patient on placebo. Causes of death on the AFINITOR arm included one case of each of the following: acute renal failure, acute respiratory distress, cardiac arrest, death (cause unknown), hepatic failure, pneumonia, and sepsis. There was 1 death due to pulmonary embolism on the placebo arm. After cross-over to open-label AFINITOR, there were 3 additional deaths, one due to hypoglycemia and cardiac arrest in a patient with insulinoma, one due to MI with CHF, and the other due to sudden death. The rates of treatment-emergent adverse events resulting in permanent discontinuation were 20% and 6% for the AFINITOR and placebo treatment groups, respectively. Dose delay or reduction was necessary in 61% of everolimus patients and 29% of placebo patients. grade 3-4 renal failure occurred in 6 patients in the everolimus arm and 3 patients in the placebo arm. Thrombotic events included 5 patients with pulmonary embolus in the everolimus arm and 1 in the placebo arm as well as 3 patients with thrombosis in the everolimus arm and 2 in the placebo arm.

Table 5 compares the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported with an incidence of ≥ 10% for patients receiving AFINITOR 10 mg daily versus placebo.

Table 5: Adverse Reactions Reported ≥ 10% of Patients with Advanced PNET

 
  AFINITOR
N=204
Placebo
N=203
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 % All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Any adverse reaction 100 49 13 98 32 8
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Stomatitisa 70 7 0 20 0 0
  Diarrheab 50 5 0.5 25 3 0
  Abdominal pain 36 4 0 32 6 1
  Nausea 32 2 0 33 2 0
  Vomiting 29 1 0 21 2 0
  Constipation 14 0 0 13 0.5 0
  Dry mouth 11 0 0 4 0 0
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Fatigue/malaise 45 3 0.5 27 2 0.5
  Edema (general and peripheral) 39 1 0.5 12 1 0
  Fever 31 0.5 0.5 13 0.5 0
  Asthenia 19 3 0 20 3 0
Infections and infestations
  Nasopharyngitis/rhinitis/URI 25 0 0 13 0 0
  Urinary tract infection 16 0 0 6 0.5 0
Investigations
  Weight decreased 28 0.5 0 11 0 0
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Decreased appetite 30 1 0 18 1 0
  Diabetes mellitus 10 2 0 0.5 0 0
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Arthralgia 15 1 0.5 7 0.5 0
  Back pain 15 1 0 11 1 0
  Pain in extremity 14 0.5 0 6 1 0
  Muscle spasms 10 0 0 4 0 0
Nervous system disorders
  Headache/migraine 30 0.5 0 15 1 0
  Dysgeusia 19 0 0 5 0 0
  Dizziness 12 0.5 0 7 0 0
Psychiatric disorders
  Insomnia 14 0 0 8 0 0
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough/productive cough 25 0.5 0 13 0 0
  Epistaxis 22 0 0 1 0 0
  Dyspnea/dyspnea exertional 20 2 0.5 7 0.5 0
  Pneumonitisc 17 3 0.5 0 0 0
  Oropharyngeal pain 11 0 0 6 0 0
Skin and subcutaneous disorders
  Rash 59 0.5 0 19 0 0
  Nail disorders 22 0.5 0 2 0 0
  Pruritus/pruritus generalized 21 0 0 13 0 0
  Dry skin/xeroderma 13 0 0 6 0 0
Vascular disorders
  Hypertension 13 1 0 6 1 0
  Median duration of treatment (wks) 37 16
CTCAE Version 3.0
a Includes stomatitis, aphthous stomatitis, gingival pain/swelling/ulceration, glossitis, glossodynia, lip ulceration, mouth ulceration, tongue ulceration, and mucosal inflammation.
b Includes diarrhea, enteritis, enterocolitis, colitis, defecation urgency, and steatorrhea.
c Includes pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis and restrictive pulmonary disease.

Key observed laboratory abnormalities are presented in Table 6.

Table 6: Key Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in ≥ 10% of Patients with Advanced PNET

Laboratory parameter AFINITOR
N=204
Placebo
N=203
All grades % Grade 3-4 % All grades % Grade 3-4 %
Hematology
  Hemoglobin decreased 86 15 63 1
  Lymphocytes decreased 45 16 22 4
  Platelets decreased   45 3 11 0
  WBC decreased 43 2 13 0
  Neutrophils decreased 30 4 17 2
Clinical chemistry
  Alkaline phosphatase increased 74 8 66 8
  Glucose (fasting) increased 75 17 53 6
  Cholesterol increased 66 0.5 22 0
  Bicarbonate decreased 56 0 40 0
  Aspartate transaminase (AST) increased 56 4 41 4
 Alanine transaminase (ALT) increased 48 2 35 2
  Phosphate decreased 40 10 14 3
  Triglycerides increased 39 0 10 0
  Calcium decreased 37 0.5 12 0
  Potassium decreased 23 4 5 0
  Creatinine increased 19 2 14 0
  Sodium decreased 16 1 16 1
  Albumin decreased 13 1 8 0
  Bilirubin increased 10 1 14 2
  Potassium increased 7 0 10 0.5
CTCAE Version 3.0

Clinical Study Experience in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The data described below reflect exposure to AFINITOR (n=274) and placebo (n=137) in a randomized, controlled trial in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received prior treatment with sunitinib and/or sorafenib. The median age of patients was 61 years (range 27-85), 88% were Caucasian, and 78% were male. The median duration of blinded study treatment was 141 days (range 19-451) for patients receiving AFINITOR and 60 days (range 21-295) for those receiving placebo.

The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 30%) were stomatitis, infections, asthenia, fatigue, cough, and diarrhea. The most common grade 3-4 adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 3%) were infections, dyspnea, fatigue, stomatitis, dehydration, pneumonitis, abdominal pain, and asthenia. The most common laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥ 50%) were anemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperglycemia, lymphopenia, and increased creatinine. The most common grade 3-4 laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥ 3%) were lymphopenia, hyperglycemia, anemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypercholesterolemia. Deaths due to acute respiratory failure (0.7%), infection (0.7%), and acute renal failure (0.4%) were observed on the AFINITOR arm but none on the placebo arm. The rates of treatment-emergent adverse events (irrespective of causality) resulting in permanent discontinuation were 14% and 3% for the AFINITOR and placebo treatment groups, respectively. The most common adverse reactions (irrespective of causality) leading to treatment discontinuation were pneumonitis and dyspnea. Infections, stomatitis, and pneumonitis were the most common reasons for treatment delay or dose reduction. The most common medical interventions required during AFINITOR treatment were for infections, anemia, and stomatitis.

Table 7 compares the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported with an incidence of ≥ 10% for patients receiving AFINITOR 10 mg daily versus placebo. Within each MedDRA system organ class, the adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing frequency.

Table 7: Adverse Reactions Reported in at least 10% of Patients with RCC and at a Higher Rate in the AFINITOR Arm than in the Placebo Arm

  AFINITOR 10 mg/day
N=274
Placebo
N=137
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 % All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Any adverse reaction 97 52 13 93 23 5
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Stomatitisa 44 4 < 1 8 0 0
  Diarrhea 30 1 0 7 0 0
  Nausea 26 1 0 19 0 0
  Vomiting 20 2 0 12 0 0
Infections and infestationsb 37 7 3 18 1 0
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Asthenia 33 3 < 1 23 4 0
  Fatigue 31 5 0 27 3 < 1
  Edema peripheral 25 < 1 0 8 < 1 0
  Pyrexia 20 < 1 0 9 0 0
  Mucosal inflammation 19 1 0 1 0 0
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough 30 < 1 0 16 0 0
  Dyspnea 24 6 1 15 3 0
  Epistaxis 18 0 0 0 0 0
  Pneumonitisc 14 4 0 0 0 0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash 29 1 0 7 0 0
  Pruritus 14 < 1 0 7 0 0
  Dry skin 13 < 1 0 5 0 0
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Anorexia 25 1 0 14 < 1 0
Nervous system disorders
  Headache 19 < 1 < 1 9 < 1 0
  Dysgeusia 10 0 0 2 0 0
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Pain in extremity 10 1 0 7 0 0
  Median duration of treatment (d) 141 60
CTCAE Version 3.0
a Stomatitis (including aphthous stomatitis), and mouth and tongue ulceration.
b Includes all preferred terms within the 'infections and infestations' system organ class, the most common being nasopharyngitis (6%), pneumonia (6%), urinary tract infection (5%), bronchitis (4%), and sinusitis (3%), and also including aspergillosis ( < 1%), candidiasis ( < 1%), and sepsis ( < 1%).
c Includes pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, lung infiltration, pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage, pulmonary toxicity, and alveolitis.

Other notable adverse reactions occurring more frequently with AFINITOR than with placebo, but with an incidence of < 10% include:

Gastrointestinal disorders: Abdominal pain (9%), dry mouth (8%), hemorrhoids (5%), dysphagia (4%)

General disorders and administration site conditions: Weight decreased (9%), chest pain (5%), chills (4%), impaired wound healing ( < 1%)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Pleural effusion (7%), pharyngolaryngeal pain (4%), rhinorrhea (3%)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Hand-foot syndrome (reported as palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome) (5%), nail disorder (5%), erythema (4%), onychoclasis (4%), skin lesion (4%), acneiform dermatitis (3%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Exacerbation of pre-existing diabetes mellitus (2%), new onset of diabetes mellitus ( < 1%)

Psychiatric disorders: Insomnia (9%)

Nervous system disorders: Dizziness (7%), paresthesia (5%)

Eye disorders: Eyelid edema (4%), conjunctivitis (2%)

Vascular disorders: Hypertension (4%), deep vein thrombosis ( < 1%)

Renal and urinary disorders: Renal failure (3%)

Cardiac disorders: Tachycardia (3%), congestive cardiac failure (1%)

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Jaw pain (3%)

Hematologic disorders: Hemorrhage (3%)

Key laboratory abnormalities are presented in Table 8.

Table 8: Key Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in Patients with RCC at a Higher Rate in the AFINITOR Arm than the Placebo Arm

Laboratory parameter AFINITOR 10 mg/day
N=274
Placebo
N=137
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 % All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Hematologya
  Hemoglobin decreased 92 12 1 79 5 < 1
  Lymphocytes decreased 51 16 2 28 5 0
  Platelets decreased 23 1 0 2 0 < 1
  Neutrophils decreased 14 0 < 1 4 0 0
Clinical chemistry
  Cholesterol increased 77 4 0 35 0 0
  Triglycerides increased 73 < 1 0 34 0 0
  Glucose increased 57 15 < 1 25 1 0
  Creatinine increased 50 1 0 34 0 0
  Phosphate decreased 37 6 0 8 0 0
  Aspartate transaminase (AST) increased 25 < 1 < 1 7 0 0
  Alanine transaminase (ALT) increased 21 1 0 4 0 0
  Bilirubin increased 3 < 1 < 1 2 0 0
CTCAE Version 3.0
a Reflects corresponding adverse drug reaction reports of anemia, leukopenia, lymphopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia (collectively pancytopenia), which occurred at lower frequency.

Clinical Study Experience in Renal Angiomyolipoma with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

The data described below are based on a randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of AFINITOR in 118 patients with renal angiomyolipoma as a feature of TSC (n=113) or sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis (n=5). The median age of patients was 31 years (range 18 to 61 years), 89% were Caucasian, and 34% were male. The median duration of blinded study treatment was 48 weeks (range 2 to 115 weeks) for patients receiving AFINITOR and 45 weeks (range 9 to 115 weeks) for those receiving placebo.

The most common adverse reaction reported for AFINITOR (incidence ≥ 30%) was stomatitis. The most common grade 3-4 adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 2%) were stomatitis, amenorrhea, and convulsion. The most common laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥ 50%) were hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and anemia. The most common grade 3-4 laboratory abnormality (incidence ≥ 3%) was hypophosphatemia.

The rate of treatment-emergent adverse events resulting in permanent discontinuation was 3.8% in the AFINITOR- treated patients. Adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in the AFINITOR arm were hypersensitivity/angioedema/bronchospasm, convulsion, and hypophosphatemia. Dose adjustments (interruptions or reductions) due to adverse reactions occurred in 52% of AFINITOR-treated patients. The most common adverse reaction leading to AFINITOR dose adjustment was stomatitis.

Table 9 compares the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported with an incidence of ≥ 10% for patients receiving AFINITOR and occurring more frequently with AFINITOR than with placebo. Laboratory abnormalities are described separately in Table 10.

Table 9: Treatment-emergent Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 10% of AFINITOR-treated Patients with Renal Angiomyolipoma

  AFINITOR
N=79
Placebo
N=39
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 % All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Any adverse reaction 100 25 5 97 8 5
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Stomatitisa 78 6 0 23 0 0
  Nausea 16 0 0 13 0 0
  Vomiting 15 0 0 5 0 0
  Diarrhea 14 0 0 5 0 0
  Abdominal pain 11 0 0 8 3 0
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Peripheral edema 13 0 0 8 0 0
  Infections and infestations
  Upper respiratory tract infection 11 0 0 5 0 0
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Arthralgia 13 0 0 5 0 0
Nervous system disorders
  Headache 22 0 0 21 3 0
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough 20 0 0 13 0 0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Acne 22 0 0 5 0 0
  Eczema 10 0 0 8 0 0
Grading according to CTCAE Version 3.0
a Includes stomatitis, aphthous stomatitis, mouth ulceration, gingival pain, glossitis, and glossodynia.

Amenorrhea occurred in 15% of AFINITOR-treated females (8 of 52) and 4% (1 of 26) of females in the placebo group. Other adverse reactions involving the female reproductive system were menorrhagia (10%), menstrual irregularities (10%), and vaginal hemorrhage (8%).

Other notable adverse reactions occurring more frequently with AFINITOR than with placebo, but with an incidence of < 10% include:

Immune system disorders: Hypersensitivity (3%)

Infections and infestations: Otitis media (6%), sinusitis (6%), pustular rash (5%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Decreased appetite (6%)

Nervous system disorders: Convulsions (5%), migraine (5%), dysgeusia (4%), ageusia (1%)

Psychiatric disorders: Depression (5%)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Epistaxis (9%), pneumonitis (1%)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Dry skin (9%), dermatitis acneiform (8%), papule (5%)

Vascular disorders: Hypertensive crisis (1%)

Table 10: Key Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in AFINITOR-treated Patients with Renal Angiomyolipoma

  AFINITOR
N=79
Placebo
N=39
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 % All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Hematology
  Anemia 61 0 0 49 0 0
  Leucopenia 37 0 0 21 0 0
  Neutropenia 25 0 1 26 0 0
  Lymphopenia 20 1 0 8 0 0
  Thrombocytopenia 19 0 0 3 0 0
Clinical chemistry
  Hypercholesterolemia 85 1 0 46 0 0
  Hypertriglyceridemia 52 0 0 10 0 0
  Hypophosphatemia 49 5 0 15 0 0
  Alkaline phosphatase increased 32 1 0 10 0 0
  Elevated aspartate transaminase (AST) 23 1 0 8 0 0
  Elevated alanine transaminase (ALT) 20 1 0 15 0 0
  Fasting hyperglycemia 14 0 0 8 0 0
Grading according to CTCAE Version 3.0

Clinical Study Experience in Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

The data described below reflect exposure to AFINITOR (n=28) in an open-label, single-arm trial for the treatment of patients with SEGA. The reliability of the frequency of adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities reported in this trial is limited because of the small number of patients. The median age of patients was 11 years (range 3-34), 86% were Caucasian, and 61% were male. In total, 17 of the 28 patients were exposed to AFINITOR for ≥ 21 months.

The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 30%) were stomatitis, upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, otitis media, and pyrexia. The grade 3 adverse reactions were convulsion, infections (single cases of sinusitis, pneumonia, tooth infection, and bronchitis viral), and single cases of stomatitis, aspiration, cyclic neutropenia, sleep apnea syndrome, vomiting, dizziness, white blood cell count decreased, and neutrophil count decreased. A grade 4 convulsion was also reported.

Table 11 summarizes the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported with an incidence of ≥ 10%. Within each MedDRA system organ class, the adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing frequency.

Table 11: Adverse Reactions Reported in at least 10% of Patients with SEGA

  AFINITOR
N=28
All grades % Grade 3 % Grade 4 %
Any adverse reaction 100 36 4
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Stomatitis 86 4 0
  Diarrhea 25 0 0
  Vomiting 21 4 0
  Abdominal pain 11 0 0
  Constipation 11 0 0
Infections and infestations
  Upper respiratory tract infection 82 0 0
  Sinusitis 39 4 0
  Otitis media 36 0 0
  Cellulitis 21 0 0
  Body tinea 18 0 0
  Gastroenteritis 18 0 0
  Skin infection 18 0 0
  Gastric infection 14 0 0
  Otitis externa 14 0 0
  Pharyngitis 11 0 0
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Pyrexia 32 0 0
Nervous system disorders
  Convulsion 29 7 4
  Headache 18 0 0
  Dizziness 14 4 0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Dermatitis acneiform 25 0 0
  Dry skin 18 0 0
  Rash 18 0 0
  Dermatitis contact 14 0 0
  Acne 11 0 0
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough 21 0 0
  Nasal congestion 14 0 0
  Rhinitis allergic 14 0 0
  Psychiatric disorders
  Personality change 18 0 0
Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
  Excoriation 14 0 0
CTCAE Version 3.0

Other notable adverse reactions occurring with an incidence of < 10% include:

Gastrointestinal disorders: Gastritis (7%)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Pityriasis rosea (4%)

Investigations: Chest x-ray abnormal (4%)

General disorders and administration site conditions: Fatigue (7%), edema peripheral (4%)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Pharyngeal inflammation (7%)

Nervous system disorders: Somnolence (7%)

Psychiatric disorders: Anxiety (7%)

Renal and urinary disorders: Proteinuria (7%)

Eye disorders: Ocular hyperemia (4%)

Vascular disorders: Hypertension (4%)

Key Laboratory Abnormalities

Single cases of grade 3 elevated aspartate transaminase (AST) concentrations and low absolute neutrophil count (ANC) were reported. No grade 4 laboratory abnormalities were noted. Laboratory abnormalities observed in > 1 patient (and listed in decreasing order of frequency) included elevations in AST concentrations (89%), total cholesterol (68%), alanine transaminase (ALT) (46%), triglycerides (43%) (hypertriglyceridemia reported as adverse reaction in 11% of patients, blood triglycerides increased reported as adverse reaction in 7% of patients), glucose (25%), and creatinine (11%), and reductions in white blood cell counts (54%) (reported as adverse reaction in 11% of patients), hemoglobin (39%), glucose (32%), and platelet counts (21%). Most of these laboratory abnormalities were mild (grade 1).

Two cases of neutrophil count decreased and blood immunoglobulin G decreased were reported as adverse reactions.

Read the Afinitor (everolimus tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Everolimus is a substrate of CYP3A4, and also a substrate and moderate inhibitor of the multidrug efflux pump PgP. In vitro, everolimus is a competitive inhibitor of CYP3A4 and a mixed inhibitor of CYP2D6.

Agents that may Increase Everolimus Blood Concentrations

CYP3A4 Inhibitors and PgP Inhibitors

In healthy subjects, compared to AFINITOR treatment alone there were significant increases in everolimus exposure when AFINITOR was coadministered with:

  • ketoconazole (a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor and a PgP inhibitor) - Cmax and AUC increased by 3.9- and 15.0-fold, respectively.
  • erythromycin (a moderate CYP3A4 inhibitor and a PgP inhibitor) - Cmax and AUC increased by 2.0- and 4.4-fold, respectively.
  • verapamil (a moderate CYP3A4 inhibitor and a PgP inhibitor) - Cmax and AUC increased by 2.3- and 3.5-fold, respectively.

Concomitant strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 should not be used [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Use caution when AFINITOR is used in combination with moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitors. If alternative treatment cannot be administered reduce the AFINITOR dose [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Agents that may Decrease Everolimus Blood Concentrations

CYP3A4 Inducers

In healthy subjects, co-administration of AFINITOR with rifampin, a strong inducer of CYP3A4, decreased everolimus AUC and Cmax by 63% and 58% respectively, compared to everolimus treatment alone. Consider a dose increase of AFINITOR when co-administered with strong CYP3A4 inducers if alternative treatment cannot be administered. St. John's Wort may decrease everolimus exposure unpredictably and should be avoided [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Agents whose Plasma Concentrations may be Altered by Everolimus

Studies in healthy subjects indicate that there are no clinically significant pharmacokinetic interactions between AFINITOR and the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors atorvastatin (a CYP3A4 substrate) and pravastatin (a non-CYP3A4 substrate) and population pharmacokinetic analyses also detected no influence of simvastatin (a CYP3A4 substrate) on the clearance of AFINITOR.

A study in healthy subjects demonstrated that co-administration of an oral dose of midazolam (sensitive CYP3A4 substrate) with everolimus resulted in a 25% increase in midazolam Cmax and a 30% increase in midazolam AUC(0-inf).

Coadministration of everolimus and exemestane increased exemestane Cmin by 45% and C2h by 64%. However, the corresponding estradiol levels at steady state (4 weeks) were not different between the two treatment arms. No increase in adverse events related to exemestane was observed in patients with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer receiving the combination.

Coadministration of everolimus and depot octreotide increased octreotide Cmin by approximately 50%.

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Non-infectious Pneumonitis

Non-infectious pneumonitis is a class effect of rapamycin derivatives, including AFINITOR. Non-infectious pneumonitis was reported in up to 19% of patients treated with AFINITOR in clinical trials. The incidence of Common Terminology Criteria (CTC) grade 3 and 4 non-infectious pneumonitis was up to 4.0% and up to 0.2%, respectively [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Fatal outcomes have been observed.

Consider a diagnosis of non-infectious pneumonitis in patients presenting with non-specific respiratory signs and symptoms such as hypoxia, pleural effusion, cough, or dyspnea, and in whom infectious, neoplastic, and other causes have been excluded by means of appropriate investigations. Advise patients to report promptly any new or worsening respiratory symptoms.

Patients who develop radiological changes suggestive of non-infectious pneumonitis and have few or no symptoms may continue AFINITOR therapy without dose alteration. Imaging appears to overestimate the incidence of clinical pneumonitis.

If symptoms are moderate, consider interrupting therapy until symptoms improve. The use of corticosteroids may be indicated. AFINITOR may be reintroduced at a daily dose approximately 50% lower than the dose previously administered [see Table 1 in DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

For cases of grade 4 non-infectious pneumonitis, discontinue AFINITOR. Corticosteroids may be indicated until clinical symptoms resolve. For cases of grade 3 non-infectious pneumonitis interrupt AFINITOR until resolution to less than or equal to grade 1. AFINITOR may be re-introduced at a daily dose approximately 50% lower than the dose previously administered depending on the individual clinical circumstances [see Table 1 in DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. If toxicity recurs at grade 3, consider discontinuation of AFINITOR. The development of pneumonitis has been reported even at a reduced dose.

Infections

AFINITOR has immunosuppressive properties and may predispose patients to bacterial, fungal, viral, or protozoal infections, including infections with opportunistic pathogens [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Localized and systemic infections, including pneumonia, mycobacterial infections, other bacterial infections, invasive fungal infections, such as aspergillosis or candidiasis, and viral infections including reactivation of hepatitis B virus have occurred in patients taking AFINITOR. Some of these infections have been severe (e.g., leading to respiratory or hepatic failure) or fatal. Physicians and patients should be aware of the increased risk of infection with AFINITOR. Complete treatment of pre-existing invasive fungal infections prior to starting treatment with AFINITOR. While taking AFINITOR, be vigilant for signs and symptoms of infection; if a diagnosis of an infection is made, institute appropriate treatment promptly and consider interruption or discontinuation of AFINITOR. If a diagnosis of invasive systemic fungal infection is made, discontinue AFINITOR and treat with appropriate antifungal therapy.

Oral Ulceration

Mouth ulcers, stomatitis, and oral mucositis have occurred in patients treated with AFINITOR at an incidence ranging from 44-86% across the clinical trial experience. Grade 3 or 4 stomatitis was reported in 4-8% of patients [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. In such cases, topical treatments are recommended, but alcohol- or peroxide-containing mouthwashes should be avoided as they may exacerbate the condition. Antifungal agents should not be used unless fungal infection has been diagnosed [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Renal Failure

Cases of renal failure (including acute renal failure), some with a fatal outcome, have been observed in patients treated with AFINITOR [see Laboratory Tests and Monitoring].

Geriatric Patients

In the randomized advanced hormone receptor positive, HER2-negative breast cancer study, the incidence of deaths due to any cause within 28 days of the last AFINITOR dose was 6% in patients ≥ 65 years of age compared to 2% in patients < 65 years of age. Adverse reactions leading to permanent treatment discontinuation occurred in 33% of patients ≥ 65 years of age compared to 17% in patients < 65 years of age. Careful monitoring and appropriate dose adjustments for adverse reactions are recommended [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, Use in Specific Populations].

Laboratory Tests and Monitoring

Renal Function

Elevations of serum creatinine and proteinuria have been reported in clinical trials [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Monitoring of renal function, including measurement of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urinary protein, or serum creatinine, is recommended prior to the start of AFINITOR therapy and periodically thereafter.

Blood Glucose and Lipids

Hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia have been reported in clinical trials [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Monitoring of fasting serum glucose and lipid profile is recommended prior to the start of AFINITOR therapy and periodically thereafter. When possible, optimal glucose and lipid control should be achieved before starting a patient on AFINITOR.

Hematologic Parameters

Decreased hemoglobin, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and platelets have been reported in clinical trials [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Monitoring of complete blood count is recommended prior to the start of AFINITOR therapy and periodically thereafter.

Drug-drug Interactions

Due to significant increases in exposure of everolimus, co-administration with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors should be avoided [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

A reduction of the AFINITOR dose is recommended when co-administered with a moderate CYP3A4 and/or PgP inhibitor [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

An increase in the AFINITOR dose is recommended when co-administered with a strong CYP3A4 inducer [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Hepatic Impairment

Exposure to everolimus was increased in patients with hepatic impairment [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

For advanced HR+ BC, advanced PNET, advanced RCC, and renal angiomyolipoma with TSC patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C), AFINITOR may be used at a reduced dose if the desired benefit outweighs the risk. For patients with mild (Child-Pugh class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh class B) hepatic impairment, a dose reduction is recommended [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

For SEGA patients with severe hepatic impairment, AFINITOR is not recommended. For SEGA patients with mild (Child-Pugh class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh class B) hepatic impairment, adjustment to the starting dose may not be needed; however subsequent dosing should be individualized based on therapeutic drug monitoring [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Vaccinations

The use of live vaccines and close contact with those who have received live vaccines should be avoided during treatment with AFINITOR. Examples of live vaccines are: intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, BCG, yellow fever, varicella, and TY21a typhoid vaccines.

The timing of routine vaccinations in pediatric patients with SEGA should be considered prior to the start of everolimus therapy.

Embryo-fetal Toxicity

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of AFINITOR in pregnant women; however, based on the mechanism of action, AFINITOR can cause fetal harm. Everolimus caused embryo-fetal toxicities in animals at maternal exposures that were lower than human exposures. If this drug is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to use an effective method of contraception while using AFINITOR and for up to 8 weeks after ending treatment [see Use In Specific Populations].

Patient Counseling Information

Non-infectious Pneumonitis

Warn patients of the possibility of developing non-infectious pneumonitis. In clinical studies, some non-infectious pneumonitis cases have been severe and occasionally fatal. Advise patients to report promptly any new or worsening respiratory symptoms [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Infections

Inform patients that they are more susceptible to infections while being treated with AFINITOR and that cases of hepatitis B reactivation have been associated with AFINITOR treatment. In clinical studies, some of these infections have been severe (e.g., leading to respiratory or hepatic failure) and occasionally fatal. Patients should be aware of the signs and symptoms of infection and should report any such signs or symptoms promptly to their physician [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Oral Ulceration

Inform patients of the possibility of developing mouth ulcers, stomatitis, and oral mucositis. In such cases, mouthwashes and/or topical treatments are recommended, but these should not contain alcohol or peroxide [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Renal Failure

Inform patients of the possibility of developing kidney failure. In some cases kidney failure has been severe and occasionally fatal. Inform patients of the need for the healthcare provider to monitor kidney function, especially in patients with risk factors that may impair kidney function [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Laboratory Tests and Monitoring

Inform patients of the need to monitor blood chemistry and hematology prior to the start of AFINITOR therapy and periodically thereafter [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Drug-drug Interactions

Advise patients to inform their healthcare providers of all concomitant medications, including over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements. Inform the patients to avoid concomitant administration of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers while on AFINITOR treatment [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Vaccinations

Advise patients to avoid the use of live vaccines and close contact with those who have received live vaccines [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Pregnancy

Advise female patients of childbearing potential that AFINITOR may cause fetal harm and that an effective method of contraception should be used during therapy with AFINITOR and for 8 weeks after ending treatment.

Dosing Instructions

Inform patients to take AFINITOR orally once daily at the same time every day, either consistently with food or consistently without food. AFINITOR should be swallowed whole with a glass of water. For patients unable to swallow tablets, AFINITOR tablet(s) should be dispersed completely in a glass of water (containing approximately 30 mL) by gently stirring, immediately prior to drinking. The glass should be rinsed with the same volume of water and the rinse should be completely swallowed to ensure that the entire dose is administered.

Instruct patients that if they miss a dose of AFINITOR, they may still take it up to 6 hours after the time they would normally take it. If more than 6 hours have elapsed, they should be instructed to skip the dose for that day. The next day, they should take AFINITOR at the usual time. Warn patients to not take 2 doses to make up for the one that they missed.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Administration of everolimus for up to 2 years did not indicate oncogenic potential in mice and rats up to the highest doses tested (0.9 mg/kg) corresponding respectively to 3.9 and 0.2 times the estimated clinical exposure (AUC0-24h) at the 10 mg daily human dose.

Everolimus was not genotoxic in a battery of in vitro assays (Ames mutation test in Salmonella, mutation test in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells, and chromosome aberration assay in V79 Chinese hamster cells). Everolimus was not genotoxic in an in vivo mouse bone marrow micronucleus test at doses up to 500 mg/kg/day (1500 mg/m²/day, approximately 255-fold the 10 mg daily human dose, and 103-fold the maximum dose administered to patients with SEGA, based on the body surface area), administered as two doses, 24 hours apart.

Based on non-clinical findings, male fertility may be compromised by treatment with AFINITOR. In a 13-week male fertility study in rats, testicular morphology was affected at 0.5 mg/kg and above. Sperm motility, sperm count, and plasma testosterone levels were diminished in rats treated with at 5 mg/kg. These doses result in exposures which are within the range of therapeutic exposure (52 ng.hr/mL and 414 ng.hr/mL respectively compared to 560 ng.hr/mL human exposure at 10 mg/day), and resulted in infertility in the rats at 5 mg/kg. Effects on male fertility occurred at the AUC0-24h values below that of therapeutic exposure (approximately 10%-81% of the AUC0-24h in patients receiving the 10 mg daily dose). After a 10-13 week non-treatment period, the fertility index increased from zero (infertility) to 60% (12/20 mated females were pregnant).

Oral doses of everolimus in female rats at ≥ 0.1 mg/kg (approximately 4% the AUC0-24h in patients receiving the 10 mg daily dose) resulted in increases in pre-implantation loss, suggesting that the drug may reduce female fertility. Everolimus crossed the placenta and was toxic to the conceptus [see Use In Specific Populations].

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category D

[see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of AFINITOR in pregnant women; however, based on the mechanism of action, AFINITOR can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Everolimus caused embryo-fetal toxicities in animals at maternal exposures that were lower than human exposures. If this drug is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking the drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to use an effective method of contraception while receiving AFINITOR and for up to 8 weeks after ending treatment.

In animal reproductive studies, oral administration of everolimus to female rats before mating and through organogenesis induced embryo-fetal toxicities, including increased resorption, pre-implantation and post-implantation loss, decreased numbers of live fetuses, malformation (e.g., sternal cleft), and retarded skeletal development. These effects occurred in the absence of maternal toxicities. Embryo-fetal toxicities in rats occurred at doses ≥ 0.1 mg/kg (0.6 mg/m²) with resulting exposures of approximately 4% of the exposure (AUC0-24h) achieved in patients receiving the 10 mg daily dose of everolimus. In rabbits, embryotoxicity evident as an increase in resorptions occurred at an oral dose of 0.8 mg/kg (9.6 mg/m²), approximately 1.6 times either the 10 mg daily dose or the median dose administered to SEGA patients on a body surface area basis. The effect in rabbits occurred in the presence of maternal toxicities.

In a pre- and post-natal development study in rats, animals were dosed from implantation through lactation. At the dose of 0.1 mg/kg (0.6 mg/m²), there were no adverse effects on delivery and lactation or signs of maternal toxicity; however, there were reductions in body weight (up to 9% reduction from the control) and in survival of offspring (~5% died or missing). There were no drug-related effects on the developmental parameters (morphological development, motor activity, learning, or fertility assessment) in the offspring.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether everolimus is excreted in human milk. Everolimus and/or its metabolites passed into the milk of lactating rats at a concentration 3.5 times higher than in maternal serum. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from everolimus, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

AFINITOR is recommended for use only in patients with SEGA who are aged ≥ 3 years.

A prospective, open-label, single-arm trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of AFINITOR in patients with SEGA associated with TSC. In total, 28 patients received treatment with AFINITOR; median age was 11 years (range 3 34). AFINITOR has not been studied in patients with SEGA < 3 years of age.

Geriatric Use

In the randomized advanced hormone receptor positive, HER2-negative breast cancer study, 40% of AFINITOR-treated patients were ≥ 65 years of age, while 15% were 75 and over. No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between elderly and younger subjects. The incidence of deaths due to any cause within 28 days of the last AFINITOR dose was 6% in patients ≥ 65 years of age compared to 2% in patients < 65 years of age. Adverse reactions leading to permanent treatment discontinuation occurred in 33% of patients ≥ 65 years of age compared to 17% in patients < 65 years of age [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

In two other randomized trials (advanced renal cell carcinoma and advanced neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic origin), no overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between elderly and younger subjects. In the randomized advanced RCC study, 41% of AFINITOR treated patients were ≥ 65 years of age, while 7% were 75 and over. In the randomized advanced PNET study, 30% of AFINITOR-treated patients were ≥ 65 years of age, while 7% were 75 and over.

Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in response between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

No dosage adjustment in initial dosing is required in elderly patients, but close monitoring and appropriate dose adjustments for adverse reactions is recommended. [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Renal Impairment

No clinical studies were conducted with AFINITOR in patients with decreased renal function. Renal impairment is not expected to influence drug exposure and no dosage adjustment of everolimus is recommended in patients with renal impairment [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Hepatic Impairment

The safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of AFINITOR were evaluated in a 34 subject single oral dose study of everolimus in subjects with impaired hepatic function relative to subjects with normal hepatic function. Exposure was increased in patients with mild (Child-Pugh class A), moderate (Child-Pugh class B), and severe (Child-Pugh class C) hepatic impairment [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

For advanced HR+ BC, advanced PNET, advanced RCC, and renal angiomyolipoma with TSC patients with severe hepatic impairment, AFINITOR may be used at a reduced dose if the desired benefit outweighs the risk. For patients with mild (Child-Pugh class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh class B) hepatic impairment, a dose reduction is recommended [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

For SEGA patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C), AFINITOR is not recommended. For SEGA patients with mild (Child-Pugh class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh class B) hepatic impairment, adjustment to the starting dose may not be needed; however, subsequent dosing should be individualized based on therapeutic drug monitoring [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OVERDOSE

In animal studies, everolimus showed a low acute toxic potential. No lethality or severe toxicity were observed in either mice or rats given single oral doses of 2000 mg/kg (limit test).

Reported experience with overdose in humans is very limited. Single doses of up to 70 mg have been administered. The acute toxicity profile observed with the 70 mg dose was consistent with that for the 10 mg dose.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Hypersensitivity to the active substance, to other rapamycin derivatives, or to any of the excipients. Hypersensitivity reactions manifested by symptoms including, but not limited to, anaphylaxis, dyspnea, flushing, chest pain, or angioedema (e.g., swelling of the airways or tongue, with or without respiratory impairment) have been observed with everolimus and other rapamycin derivatives.

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

Everolimus is an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a serine-threonine kinase, downstream of the PI3K/AKT pathway. The mTOR pathway is dysregulated in several human cancers. Everolimus binds to an intracellular protein, FKBP-12, resulting in an inhibitory complex formation with mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and thus inhibition of mTOR kinase activity. Everolimus reduced the activity of S6 ribosomal protein kinase (S6K1) and eukaryotic elongation factor 4E-binding protein (4E-BP1), downstream effectors of mTOR, involved in protein synthesis. S6K1 is a substrate of mTORC1 and phosphorylates the activation domain 1 of the estrogen receptor which results in ligand-independent activation of the receptor. In addition, everolimus inhibited the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (e.g., HIF-1) and reduced the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Inhibition of mTOR by everolimus has been shown to reduce cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and glucose uptake in in vitro and/or in vivo studies.

Constitutive activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway can contribute to endocrine resistance in breast cancer. In vitro studies show that estrogen-dependent and HER2+ breast cancer cells are sensitive to the inhibitory effects of everolimus, and that combination treatment with everolimus and Akt, HER2, or aromatase inhibitors enhances the anti-tumor activity of everolimus in a synergistic manner.

Two regulators of mTORC1 signaling are the oncogene suppressors tuberin-sclerosis complexes 1 and 2 (TSC1, TSC2). Loss or inactivation of either TSC1 or TSC2 leads to activation of downstream signaling. In TSC, a genetic disorder, inactivating mutations in either the TSC1 or the TSC2 gene lead to hamartoma formation throughout the body.

Pharmacodynamics

QT/QTc Prolongation Potential

In a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study, 59 healthy subjects were administered a single oral dose of AFINITOR (20 mg and 50 mg) and placebo. There is no indication of a QT/QTc prolonging effect of AFINITOR in single doses up to 50 mg.

Exposure Response Relationships

Markers of protein synthesis show that inhibition of mTOR is complete after a 10 mg daily dose.

In patients with SEGA, higher everolimus trough concentrations appear to be associated with larger reductions in SEGA volume. However, as responses have been observed at trough concentrations as low as 3 ng/mL, once acceptable efficacy has been achieved, additional dose increase may not be necessary.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

In patients with advanced solid tumors, peak everolimus concentrations are reached 1 to 2 hours after administration of oral doses ranging from 5 mg to 70 mg. Following single doses, Cmax is dose-proportional between 5 mg and 10 mg. At doses of 20 mg and higher, the increase in Cmax is less than dose-proportional, however AUC shows dose-proportionality over the 5 mg to 70 mg dose range. Steady-state was achieved within 2 weeks following once-daily dosing.

Food effect: In healthy subjects, high fat meals reduced systemic exposure to AFINITOR 10 mg tablet (as measured by AUC) by 22% and the peak blood concentration Cmax by 54%. Light fat meals reduced AUC by 32% and Cmax by 42%. Food, however, had no apparent effect on the post absorption phase concentration-time profile.

Distribution

The blood-to-plasma ratio of everolimus, which is concentration-dependent over the range of 5 to 5000 ng/mL, is 17% to 73%. The amount of everolimus confined to the plasma is approximately 20% at blood concentrations observed in cancer patients given AFINITOR 10 mg/day. Plasma protein binding is approximately 74% both in healthy subjects and in patients with moderate hepatic impairment.

Metabolism

Everolimus is a substrate of CYP3A4 and PgP. Following oral administration, everolimus is the main circulating component in human blood. Six main metabolites of everolimus have been detected in human blood, including three monohydroxylated metabolites, two hydrolytic ring-opened products, and a phosphatidylcholine conjugate of everolimus. These metabolites were also identified in animal species used in toxicity studies, and showed approximately 100-times less activity than everolimus itself.

In vitro, everolimus competitively inhibited the metabolism of CYP3A4 and was a mixed inhibitor of the CYP2D6 substrate dextromethorphan.

Excretion

No specific excretion studies have been undertaken in cancer patients. Following the administration of a 3 mg single dose of radiolabeled everolimus in patients who were receiving cyclosporine, 80% of the radioactivity was recovered from the feces, while 5% was excreted in the urine. The parent substance was not detected in urine or feces. The mean elimination half-life of everolimus is approximately 30 hours.

Patients with Renal Impairment

Approximately 5% of total radioactivity was excreted in the urine following a 3 mg dose of [14C]-labeled everolimus. In a population pharmacokinetic analysis which included 170 patients with advanced cancer, no significant influence of creatinine clearance (25–178 mL/min) was detected on oral clearance (CL/F) of everolimus [see Use In Specific Populations].

Patients with Hepatic Impairment

The safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of AFINITOR were evaluated in a single oral dose study of everolimus in subjects with impaired hepatic function relative to subjects with normal hepatic function. Compared to normal subjects (N=13), there was a 1.8-fold, 3.2-fold, and 3.6-fold increase in exposure (i.e. AUC) for subjects with mild (Child-Pugh class A, N=6), moderate (Child-Pugh class B, N=9), and severe (Child-Pugh class C, N=6) hepatic impairment, respectively. In another study, the average AUC of everolimus in eight subjects with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B) was twice that found in eight subjects with normal hepatic function.

For advanced HR+ BC, advanced PNET, advanced RCC, and renal angiomyolipoma with TSC patients with severe hepatic impairment, AFINITOR may be used at a reduced dose if the desired benefit outweighs the risk. For patients with moderate or mild hepatic impairment, a dose reduction is recommended [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

For SEGA patients with mild (Child-Pugh class A) or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B), adjustment to the starting dose may not be needed; however, subsequent dosing should be individualized based on therapeutic drug monitoring [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. For SEGA patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C), AFINITOR should not be used.

Effects of Age and Gender

In a population pharmacokinetic evaluation in cancer patients, no relationship was apparent between oral clearance and patient age or gender.

Ethnicity

Based on a cross-study comparison, Japanese patients (n=6) had on average exposures that were higher than non-Japanese patients receiving the same dose.

Based on analysis of population pharmacokinetics, oral clearance (CL/F) is on average 20% higher in Black patients than in Caucasians.

The significance of these differences on the safety and efficacy of everolimus in Japanese or Black patients has not been established.

Dose Proportionality in Patients with SEGA

In patients with SEGA, intra-patient steady-state trough concentrations were dose-proportional at daily doses of 1.5 to 14.6 mg/m² [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

In juvenile rat toxicity studies, dose-related delayed attainment of developmental landmarks including delayed eye-opening, delayed reproductive development in males and females and increased latency time during the learning and memory phases were observed at doses as low as 0.15 mg/kg/day.

Clinical Studies

Advanced Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

A randomized, double-blind, multicenter study of AFINITOR plus exemestane versus placebo plus exemestane was conducted in 724 postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive, HER 2/neu-negative advanced breast cancer with recurrence or progression following prior therapy with letrozole or anastrozole. Randomization was stratified by documented sensitivity to prior hormonal therapy (yes vs. no) and by the presence of visceral metastasis (yes vs. no). Sensitivity to prior hormonal therapy was defined as either (1) documented clinical benefit (complete response [CR], partial response [PR], stable disease ≥ 24 weeks) to at least one prior hormonal therapy in the advanced setting or (2) at least 24 months of adjuvant hormonal therapy prior to recurrence. Patients were permitted to have received 0-1 prior lines of chemotherapy for advanced disease.

The primary endpoint for the trial was progression-free survival (PFS) evaluated by RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors), based on investigator (local radiology) assessment. Other endpoints included overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), and safety.

Patients were randomly allocated in a 2:1 ratio to AFINITOR 10 mg/day plus exemestane 25 mg/day (n = 485) or to placebo plus exemestane 25 mg/day (n = 239). The two treatment groups were generally balanced with respect to baseline demographics and disease characteristics. Patients were not permitted to cross over to AFINITOR at the time of disease progression.

The median progression-free survival by investigator assessment at the time of the final PFS analysis was 7.8 and 3.2 months in the AFINITOR and placebo arms, respectively [HR = 0.45 (95% CI: 0.38, 0.54), one-sided log-rank p < 0.0001] (see Table 12 and Figure 1). The results of the PFS analysis based on independent central radiological assessment were consistent with the investigator assessment. PFS results were also consistent across the subgroups of age, race, presence and extent of visceral metastases, and sensitivity to prior hormonal therapy.

Objective response rate was 12.6% (95% CI: 9.8, 15.9) in the AFINITOR plus exemestane arm vs. 1.7% (95% CI: 0.5, 4.2) in the placebo plus exemestane arm. There were 3 complete responses (0.6%) and 58 partial responses (12.0%) in the AFINITOR plus exemestane arm. There were no complete responses and 4 partial responses (1.7%) in the placebo plus exemestane arm.

The overall survival results were not mature at the time of the interim analysis, and no statistically significant treatment-related difference in OS was noted [HR=0.77 (95% CI: 0.57, 1.04)].

Table 12: Progression-free Survival Results

Analysis AFINITOR + exemestanea
N = 485
Placebo + exemestanea
N = 239
Hazard ratio P-value
Median progression-free survival (months, 95% CI)
Investigator radiological review 7.8(6.9 to 8.5) 3.2(2.8 to 4.1) 0.45b (0.38 to 0.54) < 0.0001c
Independent radiological review 11(9.7 to 15.0) 4.1(2.9 to 5.6) 0.38b (0.3 to 0.5) <0.0001c
Best overall response (%, 95% CI)
Objective response rate (ORR)d 12.60%(9.8 to 15.9) 1.70%(0.5 to 4.2) n/ae  
a Exemestane (25 mg/day)
b Hazard ratio is obtained from the stratified Cox proportional-hazards model by sensitivity to prior hormonal therapy and presence of visceral metastasis
c p-value is obtained from the one-sided log-rank test stratified by sensitivity to prior hormonal therapy and presence of visceral metastasis
d Objective response rate = proportion of patients with CR or PR
e not applicable

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Progression-free Survival Curves (Investigator Radiological Review)

Kaplan-Meier Progression-free Survival Curves - Illustration

Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors

Locally Advanced or Metastatic Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PNET):

A randomized, double-blind, multi-center trial of AFINITOR plus best supportive care (BSC) versus placebo plus BSC was conducted in patients with locally advanced or metastatic advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET) and disease progression within the prior 12 months. Patients were stratified by prior cytotoxic chemotherapy (yes/no) and by WHO performance status (0 vs. 1 and 2). Treatment with somatostatin analogs was allowed as part of BSC. The primary endpoint for the trial was progression-free survival (PFS) evaluated by RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors). After documented radiological progression, patients could be unblinded by the investigator; those randomized to placebo were then able to receive open-label AFINITOR. Other endpoints included safety, objective response rate [ORR (complete response (CR) or partial response (PR)], response duration, and overall survival.

Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive either AFINITOR 10mg/day (n=207) or placebo (n=203). Demographics were well balanced (median age 58 years, 55% male, 79% Caucasian). Crossover from placebo to open-label AFINITOR occurred in 73% (148/203) of patients.

The trial demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in PFS (median 11.0 months versus 4.6 months), resulting in a 65% risk reduction in investigator-determined PFS (HR 0.35; 95%CI: 0.27 to 0.45; p < 0.001) (see Table 13 and Figure 2). PFS improvement was observed across all patient subgroups, irrespective of prior somatostatin analog use. The PFS results by investigator radiological review, central radiological review and adjudicated radiological review are shown below in Table 13.

Table 13: Progression-free Survival Results

Analysis N AFINITOR
N=207
Placebo
N=203
Hazard Ratio (95%CI) p-value
410 Median progression-free survival (months) (95% CI)
Investigator radiological review   11(8.4 to 13.9) 4.6(3.1 to 5.4) 0.35(0.27 to 0.45) < 0.001
Central radiological review   13.7(11.2 to 18.8) 5.7(5.4 to 8.3) 0.38(0.28 to 0.51) < 0.001
Adjudicated radiological reviewa   11.4 (10.8 to 14.8) 5.4 (4.3 to 5.6) 0.34 (0.26 to 0.44) < 0.001
a includes adjudication for discrepant assessments between investigator radiological review and central radiological review

Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Investigator-Determined Progression-free Survival Curves

Kaplan-Meier Investigator-Determined Progression-free Survival Curves - Illustration

Investigator-determined response rate was low (4.8%) in the AFINITOR arm and there were no complete responses. The overall survival results are not yet mature and no statistically significant treatment-related difference in OS was noted [HR=1.05 (95% CI: 0.71 to 1.55)].

Locally Advanced or Metastatic Carcinoid Tumors

In a randomized, double-blind, multi-center trial in 429 patients with carcinoid tumors, AFINITOR plus depot octreotide (Sandostatin LAR®) was compared to placebo plus depot octreotide. After documented radiological progression, patients could be unblinded by the investigator: those randomized to placebo were then able to receive open-label AFINITOR plus depot octreotide. The study did not meet the primary efficacy endpoint (PFS) and the OS interim analysis numerically favored the placebo plus depot octreotide arm. Therefore, the use of AFINITOR in patients with carcinoid tumors remains investigational.

Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

An international, multi-center, randomized, double-blind trial comparing AFINITOR 10 mg daily and placebo, both in conjunction with best supportive care, was conducted in patients with metastatic RCC whose disease had progressed despite prior treatment with sunitinib, sorafenib, or both sequentially. Prior therapy with bevacizumab, interleukin 2, or interferon-α was also permitted. Randomization was stratified according to prognostic score and prior anticancer therapy [see REFERENCES].

Progression-free survival (PFS), documented using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) was assessed via a blinded, independent, central radiologic review. After documented radiological progression, patients could be unblinded by the investigator: those randomized to placebo were then able to receive open-label AFINITOR 10 mg daily.

In total, 416 patients were randomized 2:1 to receive AFINITOR (n=277) or placebo (n=139). Demographics were well balanced between the two arms (median age 61 years; 77% male, 88% Caucasian, 74% received prior sunitinib or sorafenib, and 26% received both sequentially).

AFINITOR was superior to placebo for PFS (see Table 14 and Figure 3). The treatment effect was similar across prognostic scores and prior sorafenib and/or sunitinib. Final overall survival (OS) results yield a hazard ratio of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.71 to 1.14), with no statistically significant difference between the two treatment groups. Planned crossover from placebo due to disease progression to open label AFINITOR occurred in 111 of the 139 patients (79.9%) and may have confounded the OS benefit.

Table 14: Efficacy Results by Central Radiologic Review

  AFINITOR
N=277
Placebo
N=139
Hazard Ratio (95%CI) p-valuea
Median Progression-free Survival (95% CI) 4.9 months (4.0 to 5.5) 1.9 months (1.8 to 1.9) 0.33 (0.25 to 0.43) < 0.0001
Objective Response Rate 2% 0% n/ab n/ab
a Log-rank test stratified by prognostic score.
b Not applicable.

Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Progression-free Survival Curves

Kaplan-Meier Progression-free Survival Curves - Illustration

Renal Angiomyolipoma with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

A randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of AFINITOR was conducted in 118 patients with renal angiomyolipoma as a feature of TSC (n=113) or sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis (n=5).

The key eligibility requirements for this trial were at least one angiomyolipoma of ≥ 3 cm in longest diameter on CT/MRI based on local radiology assessment, no immediate indication for surgery, and age ≥ 18 years. Patients received daily oral AFINITOR 10 mg or matching placebo until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. CT or MRI scans for disease assessment were obtained at baseline, 12, 24, and 48 weeks and annually thereafter. Clinical and photographic assessment of skin lesions were conducted at baseline and every 12 weeks thereafter until treatment discontinuation. The major efficacy outcome measure was angiomyolipoma response rate based on independent central radiology review, which was defined as a ≥ 50% reduction in angiomyolipoma volume, absence of new angiomyolipoma lesion ≥ 1 cm, absence of kidney volume increase ≥ 20%, and no angiomyolipoma related bleeding of ≥ grade 2. Key supportive efficacy outcome measures were time to angiomyolipoma progression and skin lesion response rate. Analyses of efficacy outcome measures were limited to the blinded treatment period which ended 6 months after the last patient was randomized. The comparative angiomyolipoma response rate analysis was stratified by use of enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs) at randomization (yes/no).

Of the 118 patients enrolled, 79 were randomized to AFINITOR and 39 to placebo. The median age was 31 years (range 18 to 61 years), 34% were male, and 89% were Caucasian. At baseline, 17% of patients were receiving EIAEDs. On central radiology review at baseline, 92% of patients had at least one angiomyolipoma of ≥ 3 cm in longest diameter, 29% had angiomyolipomas ≥ 8 cm, 78% had bilateral angiomyolipomas, and 97% had skin lesions. The median values for the sum of all target renal angiomyolipoma lesions at baseline were 85 cm³ (range 9 to 1612 cm³) and 120 cm³ (range 3 to 4520 cm³) in the AFINITOR and placebo arms respectively. Forty-six (39%) patients had prior renal embolization or nephrectomy. The median duration of follow-up was 8.3 months (range 0.7 to 24.8 months).

The renal angiomyolipoma response rate was statistically significantly higher in AFINITOR-treated patients; there were 33 (41.8%) patients with angiomyolipoma responses in the AFINITOR arm as compared to none in the placebo arm. Results are displayed in Table 15. The median response duration is 5.3+ months (range 2.3+ to 19.6+ months).

Table 15: Angiomyolipoma Response

  AFINITOR
N=79
Placebo
N=39
p-value
Primary analysis
  Angiomyolipoma response ratea -% 95% CI 41.8 (30.8, 53.4) 0 (0.0, 9.0) <0.0001
a Per independent central radiology review

There were 3 patients in the AFINITOR arm and 8 patients in the placebo arm with documented angiomyolipoma progression by central radiologic review. The time to angiomyolipoma progression was statistically significantly longer in the AFINITOR arm (HR 0.08 [95% CI: 0.02, 0.37]; p < 0.0001).

Skin lesion response rates were assessed by local investigators in 77 patients in the AFINITOR arm and 37 patients in the placebo arm with skin lesions at study entry. The skin lesion response rate was statistically significantly higher in the AFINITOR arm (26% vs. 0, p=0.0011); all skin lesion responses were partial responses, defined as visual improvement in 50%-99% skin lesions, considering all skin lesions, durable for at least eight weeks (Physician's Global Assessment of Clinical Condition).

Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

An open-label, single-arm trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of AFINITOR in patients with SEGA associated with TSC. Serial radiological evidence of SEGA growth was required for entry. Change in SEGA volume at the end of the core 6-month treatment phase was assessed via an independent central radiology review. In total, 28 patients received treatment with AFINITOR; median age was 11 years (range 3-34), 61% male, 86% Caucasian. Four patients had surgical resection of their SEGA lesions with subsequent re-growth prior to receiving AFINITOR treatment. After the core treatment phase, patients could continue to receive AFINITOR treatment as part of an extension treatment phase where SEGA volume was assessed every 6 months. The median duration of treatment was 24.4 months (range 4.7-37.3 months).

At 6 months, 9 out of 28 patients (32%, 95% CI: 16% to 52%) had a ≥ 50% reduction in the tumor volume of their largest SEGA lesion. Duration of response for these 9 patients ranged from 97 to 946 days with a median of 266 days. Seven of these 9 patients had an ongoing volumetric reduction of ≥ 50% at the data cutoff.

Three of 4 patients who had prior surgery experienced a ≥ 50% reduction in the tumor volume of their largest SEGA lesion. One of these three patients responded by month 6. No patient developed new lesions.

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

PATIENT INFORMATION

AFINITOR®
(a-fin-it-or)
(everolimus) tablets

Read this Patient Information leaflet that comes with AFINITOR before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about AFINITOR?

AFINITOR can cause serious side effects. These serious side effects include:

1. You may develop lung or breathing problems. In some people lung or breathing problems may be severe, and can even lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms:

  • New or worsening cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing or wheezing

2. You may be more likely to develop an infection, such as pneumonia, or a bacterial, fungal or viral infection. Viral infections may include active hepatitis B in people who have had hepatitis B in the past (reactivation). In some people these infections may be severe, and can even lead to death. You may need to be treated as soon as possible.

Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a temperature of 100.5°F or above, chills, or do not feel well.

Symptoms of hepatitis B or infection may include the following:

  • Fever
  • Skin rash
  • Joint pain and inflammation
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Pale stool or dark urine
  • Yellowing of the skin
  • Pain in your upper right side

3. You may develop kidney failure. In some people this may be severe and can even lead to death. Your healthcare provider should do tests to check your kidney function before and during your treatment with AFINITOR.

If you have any of the serious side effects listed above, you may need to stop taking AFINITOR for a while or use a lower dose. Follow your healthcare provider's instructions.

What is AFINITOR?

AFINITOR is a prescription medicine used to treat:

  • advanced hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, along with the medicine exemestane, in postmenopausal women who have already received certain other medicines for their cancer.
  • adults with a type of pancreatic cancer known as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET), that has progressed and cannot be treated with surgery. It is not known if AFINITOR is safe and effective in people with carcinoid tumors.
  • adults with advanced kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma or RCC) when certain other medicines have not worked.
  • people with the following types of tumors that are seen with a genetic condition called tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC):
    • a kidney tumor called angiomyolipoma, when their kidney tumor does not require surgery right away.
    • a brain tumor called subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) in adults and children 3 years and older who cannot have surgery for their tumor.
      It is not known if AFINITOR is safe and effective in children under 3 years of age with SEGA.

Who should not take AFINITOR?

Do not take AFINITOR if you are allergic to AFINITOR or to any of its ingredients. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in AFINITOR. Talk to your healthcare provider before taking this medicine if you are allergic to:

  • sirolimus (Rapamune®)
  • temsirolimus (Torisel®)

Ask your healthcare provider if you do not know.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking AFINITOR?

Before taking AFINITOR, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • Have or have had kidney problems
  • Have or have had liver problems
  • Have diabetes or high blood sugar
  • Have high blood cholesterol levels
  • Have any infections
  • Previously had hepatitis B
  • Are scheduled to receive any vaccinations. You should not receive a live vaccine or be around people who have recently received a live vaccine during your treatment with AFINITOR. If you are not sure about the type of immunization or vaccine, ask your healthcare provider.
  • Have other medical conditions.
  • Are pregnant, or could become pregnant. It is not known if AFINITOR will harm your unborn baby. You should use effective birth control while using AFINITOR and for 8 weeks after stopping treatment.
  • Are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if AFINITOR passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take AFINITOR or breast-feed. You should not do both.

Tell your healthcare provider about all of the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

AFINITOR may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines can affect how AFINITOR works. Using AFINITOR with other medicines can cause serious side effects.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:

Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure if your medicine is one of those taken for the conditions listed above. If you are taking any medicines for the conditions listed above, your healthcare provider might need to prescribe a different medicine or your dose of AFINITOR may need to be changed. You should also tell your healthcare provider before you start taking any new medicine.

How should I take AFINITOR?

  • Your healthcare provider will prescribe the dose of AFINITOR that is right for you.
  • Take AFINITOR exactly as your healthcare provider tells you. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of AFINITOR if needed.
  • Swallow AFINITOR tablets whole with a glass of water. Do not crush AFINITOR tablets. Do not take AFINITOR tablets which are crushed or broken.
  • If you cannot swallow AFINITOR tablets whole, you can stir them into a glass of water:
    • Put the prescribed number of tablets into a glass that contains about 2 Tablespoons (30 mL) of water
    • Gently stir the contents until the tablets break apart and then drink the mixture right away
    • Add about 2 Tablespoons (30 mL) of water to the glass and drink all of the water. This will help to make sure that you get the full dose of AFINITOR.
  • Take AFINITOR one time every day, at about the same time every day.
  • Take AFINITOR the same way each time, either with food or without food.
  • You may use scissors to open the blister to avoid spillage.
  • If you take too much AFINITOR contact your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency department right away. Take the pack of AFINITOR with you.
  • If you miss a dose of AFINITOR, you may still take it up to 6 hours after the time you normally take it. If it is more than 6 hours after you normally take your AFINITOR, skip the dose for that day. The next day, take AFINITOR at your usual time. Do not take 2 doses to make up for the one that you missed. If you are not sure about what to do, call your healthcare provider.
  • You should have regular blood tests before you start AFINITOR and as needed during your treatment. These will include tests to check your blood cell count, kidney and liver function, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.
  • If you take AFINITOR to treat SEGA, you will need to have blood tests regularly to measure how much AFINITOR is in your blood. This will help your healthcare provider decide how much AFINITOR you need to take.

What should I avoid while taking AFINITOR?

You should not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit during your treatment with AFINITOR. It may make the amount of AFINITOR in your blood increase to a harmful level.

What are the possible side effects of AFINITOR?

AFINITOR can cause serious side effects.

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about AFINITOR?”

Common side effects of AFINITOR in patients with advanced hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and advanced kidney cancer include:

  • Mouth ulcers. AFINITOR can cause mouth ulcers and sores. Tell your healthcare provider if you have pain, discomfort, or open sores in your mouth. Your healthcare provider may tell you to use a special mouthwash or mouth gel that does not contain alcohol or peroxide.
  • Infections
  • Feeling weak or tired
  • Cough, shortness of breath
  • Diarrhea and constipation
  • Rash, dry skin, and itching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite,weight loss
  • Swelling of arms, hands, feet, ankles, face or other parts of the body
  • Abnormal taste
  • Dry mouth
  • Inflammation of lining of the digestive system
  • Headache
  • Nose bleeds
  • Pain in arms and legs, mouth and throat, back or joints
  • High blood glucose
  • High blood pressure
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Hair loss
  • Muscle spasms
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Nail disorders

Common side effects of AFINITOR in patients who have angiomyolipoma with TSC include:

  • Mouth ulcers. AFINITOR can cause mouth ulcers and sores. Tell your healthcare provider if you have pain, discomfort, or open sores in your mouth. Your healthcare provider may tell you to use a special mouthwash or mouth gel that does not contain alcohol or peroxide.
  • Acne or eczema
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Joint pain
  • Swelling of your hands, arms, legs, and feet
  • Stomach-area (abdomen) pain
  • Respiratory tract infection
  • Increased blood cholesterol level and certain other blood tests
  • Decreased blood phosphate level
  • Low red blood cells and white blood cells
  • Increased blood sugar levels
  • Absence of menstrual periods (menstruation). You may miss one or more menstrual periods. Tell your healthcare provider if this happens.

Common side effects of AFINITOR in patients with SEGA include:

  • Infections of the respiratory tract, sinuses and ears
  • Mouth ulcers. AFINITOR can cause mouth ulcers and sores. Tell your healthcare provider if you have pain, discomfort, or open sores in your mouth. Your healthcare provider may tell you to use a special mouthwash or mouth gel that does not contain alcohol or peroxide.
  • Diarrhea and constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever
  • Seizure
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Skin problems (such as rash, acne, dry skin, or scratching of the skin)
  • Cough
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Change in personality
  • Low white blood cells (a type of blood cell that fights infection; your healthcare provider will periodically check you for this problem)
  • High levels of fats in the blood (raised triglycerides)

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of AFINITOR. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How do I store AFINITOR?

  • Store AFINITOR at room temperature, between 68° F to 77° F (20° C to 25° C)
  • Keep AFINITOR in the package it comes in.
  • Open the blister package just before taking AFINITOR.
  • Keep the blister package and tablets dry prior to taking.
  • Keep AFINITOR out of light.
  • Throw away AFINITOR that is out of date or no longer needed.

Keep AFINITOR and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about AFINITOR

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use AFINITOR for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give AFINITOR to other people, even if they have the same problem you have. It may harm them.

This leaflet summarizes the most important information about AFINITOR. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information written for healthcare professionals.

For more information call 1-888-423-4648 or go to www.AFINITOR.com.

What are the ingredients in AFINITOR?

Active ingredient: everolimus.

Inactive ingredients: butylated hydroxytoluene, magnesium stearate, lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, crospovidone, and lactose anhydrous.

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

>

PATIENT INFORMATION

AFINITOR®
(a-fin-it-or)
(everolimus) tablets

Read this Patient Information leaflet that comes with AFINITOR before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about AFINITOR?

AFINITOR can cause serious side effects. These serious side effects include:

1. You may develop lung or breathing problems. In some people lung or breathing problems may be severe, and can even lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms:

  • New or worsening cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing or wheezing

2. You may be more likely to develop an infection, such as pneumonia, or a bacterial, fungal or viral infection. Viral infections may include active hepatitis B in people who have had hepatitis B in the past (reactivation). In some people these infections may be severe, and can even lead to death. You may need to be treated as soon as possible.

Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have a temperature of 100.5°F or above, chills, or do not feel well.

Symptoms of hepatitis B or infection may include the following:

  • Fever
  • Skin rash
  • Joint pain and inflammation
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Pale stool or dark urine
  • Yellowing of the skin
  • Pain in your upper right side

3. You may develop kidney failure. In some people this may be severe and can even lead to death. Your healthcare provider should do tests to check your kidney function before and during your treatment with AFINITOR.

If you have any of the serious side effects listed above, you may need to stop taking AFINITOR for a while or use a lower dose. Follow your healthcare provider's instructions.

What is AFINITOR?

AFINITOR is a prescription medicine used to treat:

  • advanced hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, along with the medicine exemestane, in postmenopausal women who have already received certain other medicines for their cancer.
  • adults with a type of pancreatic cancer known as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET), that has progressed and cannot be treated with surgery. It is not known if AFINITOR is safe and effective in people with carcinoid tumors.
  • adults with advanced kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma or RCC) when certain other medicines have not worked.
  • people with the following types of tumors that are seen with a genetic condition called tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC):
    • a kidney tumor called angiomyolipoma, when their kidney tumor does not require surgery right away.
    • a brain tumor called subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) in adults and children 3 years and older who cannot have surgery for their tumor.
      It is not known if AFINITOR is safe and effective in children under 3 years of age with SEGA.

Who should not take AFINITOR?

Do not take AFINITOR if you are allergic to AFINITOR or to any of its ingredients. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in AFINITOR. Talk to your healthcare provider before taking this medicine if you are allergic to:

  • sirolimus (Rapamune®)
  • temsirolimus (Torisel®)

Ask your healthcare provider if you do not know.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking AFINITOR?

Before taking AFINITOR, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • Have or have had kidney problems
  • Have or have had liver problems
  • Have diabetes or high blood sugar
  • Have high blood cholesterol levels
  • Have any infections
  • Previously had hepatitis B
  • Are scheduled to receive any vaccinations. You should not receive a live vaccine or be around people who have recently received a live vaccine during your treatment with AFINITOR. If you are not sure about the type of immunization or vaccine, ask your healthcare provider.
  • Have other medical conditions.
  • Are pregnant, or could become pregnant. It is not known if AFINITOR will harm your unborn baby. You should use effective birth control while using AFINITOR and for 8 weeks after stopping treatment.
  • Are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if AFINITOR passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take AFINITOR or breast-feed. You should not do both.

Tell your healthcare provider about all of the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

AFINITOR may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines can affect how AFINITOR works. Using AFINITOR with other medicines can cause serious side effects.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:

Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure if your medicine is one of those taken for the conditions listed above. If you are taking any medicines for the conditions listed above, your healthcare provider might need to prescribe a different medicine or your dose of AFINITOR may need to be changed. You should also tell your healthcare provider before you start taking any new medicine.

How should I take AFINITOR?

  • Your healthcare provider will prescribe the dose of AFINITOR that is right for you.
  • Take AFINITOR exactly as your healthcare provider tells you. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of AFINITOR if needed.
  • Swallow AFINITOR tablets whole with a glass of water. Do not crush AFINITOR tablets. Do not take AFINITOR tablets which are crushed or broken.
  • If you cannot swallow AFINITOR tablets whole, you can stir them into a glass of water:
    • Put the prescribed number of tablets into a glass that contains about 2 Tablespoons (30 mL) of water
    • Gently stir the contents until the tablets break apart and then drink the mixture right away
    • Add about 2 Tablespoons (30 mL) of water to the glass and drink all of the water. This will help to make sure that you get the full dose of AFINITOR.
  • Take AFINITOR one time every day, at about the same time every day.
  • Take AFINITOR the same way each time, either with food or without food.
  • You may use scissors to open the blister to avoid spillage.
  • If you take too much AFINITOR contact your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency department right away. Take the pack of AFINITOR with you.
  • If you miss a dose of AFINITOR, you may still take it up to 6 hours after the time you normally take it. If it is more than 6 hours after you normally take your AFINITOR, skip the dose for that day. The next day, take AFINITOR at your usual time. Do not take 2 doses to make up for the one that you missed. If you are not sure about what to do, call your healthcare provider.
  • You should have regular blood tests before you start AFINITOR and as needed during your treatment. These will include tests to check your blood cell count, kidney and liver function, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.
  • If you take AFINITOR to treat SEGA, you will need to have blood tests regularly to measure how much AFINITOR is in your blood. This will help your healthcare provider decide how much AFINITOR you need to take.

What should I avoid while taking AFINITOR?

You should not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit during your treatment with AFINITOR. It may make the amount of AFINITOR in your blood increase to a harmful level.

What are the possible side effects of AFINITOR?

AFINITOR can cause serious side effects.

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about AFINITOR?”

Common side effects of AFINITOR in patients with advanced hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and advanced kidney cancer include:

  • Mouth ulcers. AFINITOR can cause mouth ulcers and sores. Tell your healthcare provider if you have pain, discomfort, or open sores in your mouth. Your healthcare provider may tell you to use a special mouthwash or mouth gel that does not contain alcohol or peroxide.
  • Infections
  • Feeling weak or tired
  • Cough, shortness of breath
  • Diarrhea and constipation
  • Rash, dry skin, and itching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite,weight loss
  • Swelling of arms, hands, feet, ankles, face or other parts of the body
  • Abnormal taste
  • Dry mouth
  • Inflammation of lining of the digestive system
  • Headache
  • Nose bleeds
  • Pain in arms and legs, mouth and throat, back or joints
  • High blood glucose
  • High blood pressure
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Hair loss
  • Muscle spasms
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Nail disorders

Common side effects of AFINITOR in patients who have angiomyolipoma with TSC include:

  • Mouth ulcers. AFINITOR can cause mouth ulcers and sores. Tell your healthcare provider if you have pain, discomfort, or open sores in your mouth. Your healthcare provider may tell you to use a special mouthwash or mouth gel that does not contain alcohol or peroxide.
  • Acne or eczema
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Joint pain
  • Swelling of your hands, arms, legs, and feet
  • Stomach-area (abdomen) pain
  • Respiratory tract infection
  • Increased blood cholesterol level and certain other blood tests
  • Decreased blood phosphate level
  • Low red blood cells and white blood cells
  • Increased blood sugar levels
  • Absence of menstrual periods (menstruation). You may miss one or more menstrual periods. Tell your healthcare provider if this happens.

Common side effects of AFINITOR in patients with SEGA include:

  • Infections of the respiratory tract, sinuses and ears
  • Mouth ulcers. AFINITOR can cause mouth ulcers and sores. Tell your healthcare provider if you have pain, discomfort, or open sores in your mouth. Your healthcare provider may tell you to use a special mouthwash or mouth gel that does not contain alcohol or peroxide.
  • Diarrhea and constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever
  • Seizure
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Skin problems (such as rash, acne, dry skin, or scratching of the skin)
  • Cough
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Change in personality
  • Low white blood cells (a type of blood cell that fights infection; your healthcare provider will periodically check you for this problem)
  • High levels of fats in the blood (raised triglycerides)

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of AFINITOR. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How do I store AFINITOR?

  • Store AFINITOR at room temperature, between 68° F to 77° F (20° C to 25° C)
  • Keep AFINITOR in the package it comes in.
  • Open the blister package just before taking AFINITOR.
  • Keep the blister package and tablets dry prior to taking.
  • Keep AFINITOR out of light.
  • Throw away AFINITOR that is out of date or no longer needed.

Keep AFINITOR and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about AFINITOR

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use AFINITOR for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give AFINITOR to other people, even if they have the same problem you have. It may harm them.

This leaflet summarizes the most important information about AFINITOR. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information written for healthcare professionals.

For more information call 1-888-423-4648 or go to www.AFINITOR.com.

What are the ingredients in AFINITOR?

Active ingredient: everolimus.

Inactive ingredients: butylated hydroxytoluene, magnesium stearate, lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, crospovidone, and lactose anhydrous.

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/2/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Disclaimer

Afinitor Consumer

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

EVEROLIMUS - ORAL

(E-ver-OH-li-mus)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Afinitor

USES: Everolimus is used to treat kidney cancer. It is also used to treat certain tumors in the brain, kidney, or pancreas. It works by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells.

HOW TO USE: Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking everolimus and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once daily. You may take this medication with or without food, but it is important to choose one way and take this medication the same way with every dose. Swallow this medication whole with a glass of water. Do not crush or chew the tablets.

If you have difficulty swallowing this medication whole, you may place the medication in a glass with about 2 tablespoons (30 milliliters) of water. Stir the mixture gently until the tablet(s) break apart, then drink all of the mixture immediately. To make sure you have taken the whole dose, add about 2 tablespoons (30 milliliters) of water to the glass to rinse it, and drink all the rinse water.

Dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, laboratory tests, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.

Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often without your doctor's approval. Your condition will not improve any faster and the risk of serious side effects may be increased.

Avoid eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice while using this medication unless your doctor instructs you otherwise. Grapefruit can increase the amount of this medication in your bloodstream. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Since this drug can be absorbed through the skin and lungs, women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant should not handle this medication or breathe the dust from the tablets.

Disclaimer

Afinitor Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, decreased appetite, changes in taste, nosebleeds, dry skin, or headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Pain or sores in the mouth and throat may occur. Brush your teeth carefully/gently, avoid using mouthwash that contains alcohol or peroxide, and rinse your mouth frequently with cool water mixed with baking soda or salt. It may also be best to eat soft, moist foods.

Many people using this medication have serious side effects. However, your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Careful monitoring by your doctor may decrease your risk.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: swelling hands/ankles/feet, increased thirst/urination.

Tell your doctor immediately if this rare but very serious side effect occurs: change in the amount of urine.

Everolimus can lower the body's ability to fight an infection. It can also cause very serious (rarely fatal) lung problems. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop symptoms of infection or lung problems, including fever, chills, persistent sore throat, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

Everolimus can commonly cause a mild rash that is usually not serious. However, you may not be able to tell it apart from a rare rash that could be a sign of a severe allergic reaction. Therefore, seek immediate medical attention if you develop any rash.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the Afinitor (everolimus tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

PRECAUTIONS: Before taking everolimus, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to sirolimus or temsirolimus; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, kidney disease, any recent/current infections, diabetes, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels.

Everolimus can make you more likely to get infections or may worsen any current infections. Therefore, wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infection. Avoid contact with people who have infections that may spread to others (such as chickenpox, measles, flu). Consult your doctor if you have been exposed to an infection or for more details.

Do not have immunizations/vaccinations without the consent of your doctor. Avoid contact with people who have recently received live vaccines (such as flu vaccine inhaled through the nose).

This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. Consult your doctor for more details and to discuss using at least 2 reliable forms of birth control (such as condoms, birth control pills) while taking this medication and for 8 weeks after stopping treatment. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor immediately.

It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk. Because of the possible risk to the infant, breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Disclaimer

Afinitor Consumer (continued)

DRUG INTERACTIONS: See also How to Use section.

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Other medications can affect the removal of everolimus from your body, which may affect how everolimus works. Examples include azole antifungals (such as itraconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole), macrolide antibiotics (such as clarithromycin), nefazodone, HIV protease inhibitors (such as atazanavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir), St. John's wort, telithromycin, among others.

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as blood sugar, cholesterol/triglyceride levels, complete blood count, kidney function, everolimus trough levels) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is more than 6 hours after the time you usually take the dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For information about enrolling in MedicAlert, call 1-800-854-1166 (USA) or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).

Information last revised May 2012. Copyright(c) 2012 First Databank, Inc.

Afinitor Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Afinitor

Generic Name: everolimus (Afinitor) (Pronunciation: E ver OH li mus (a FIN i tor))

What is everolimus (Afinitor) (Afinitor)?

Everolimus is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth of cancer cells and slows their spread in the body.

The Afinitor brand of everolimus is used to treat advanced kidney cancer. Afinitor is usually given after sorafenib (Nexavar) or sunitinib (Sutent) have been tried without successful treatment of symptoms.

Afinitor is also used to treat a type of brain tumor that occurs in people with a genetic condition called tuberous sclerosis.

Afinitor is also used to treat certain types of advanced or progressive tumors of the pancreas.

This medication guide provides information about the Afinitor brand of everolimus. Zortress is another brand of everolimus used to prevent organ rejection after a kidney transplant.

Everolimus may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of Afinitor (Afinitor)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; chest pain, difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using Afinitor and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • new or worsening cough, wheezing, feeling short of breath;
  • stabbing chest pain, cough with yellow or green mucus;
  • seizure (convulsions);
  • white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain, urinating less than usual or not at all;
  • fever, chills, sore throat, body aches, flu symptoms, feeling weak or tired;
  • pain or burning when you urinate;
  • pain or fullness in your ear, hearing problems;
  • pale skin, feeling light-headed, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating;
  • easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin; or
  • nausea, pain in your upper stomach, itching, joint pain, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of your skin or eyes).

Less serious side effects may include:

  • diarrhea, constipation, mild nausea or vomiting, weight loss;
  • dry skin, acne, mild itching or skin rash;
  • cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat;
  • unusual taste in your mouth;
  • headache; or
  • pain in your arms and legs.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Afinitor (everolimus tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

What is the most important information I should know about Afinitor (Afinitor)?

This medication guide provides information about the Afinitor brand of everolimus. Zortress is another brand of everolimus used to prevent organ rejection after a kidney transplant.

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to everolimus, sirolimus (Rapamune), tacrolimus (Prograf), or temsirolimus (Torisel).

Before taking Afinitor, tell your doctor if you have a breathing disorder such as asthma or COPD, liver disease (or a history of hepatitis B), an active infection, diabetes or high blood sugar, or high cholesterol.

Do not receive a "live" vaccine while taking everolimus, and avoid coming into contact with anyone who has recently received a live vaccine. There is a chance that the virus could be passed on to you. Live vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), oral polio, typhoid, chickenpox (varicella), BCG (Bacillus Calmette and Guérin), and nasal flu vaccine.

To be sure this medicine is not causing harmful effects, your blood will need to be tested often. Your kidney function may also need to be tested. Visit your doctor regularly.

Side Effects Centers

Afinitor Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my health care provider before taking Afinitor (Afinitor)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to everolimus, sirolimus (Rapamune), tacrolimus (Prograf), or temsirolimus (Torisel).

To make sure you can safely take everolimus, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

  • a breathing disorder, such as asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease);
  • liver disease, or a history of hepatitis B;
  • kidney disease;
  • an active infection;
  • diabetes or high blood sugar; or
  • high cholesterol.

FDA pregnancy category D. Do not take Afinitor if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control while you are taking this medication and for at least 8 weeks after your treatment ends.

Everolimus can affect fertility (your ability to have children), whether you are a man or a woman.

It is not known whether everolimus passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are taking everolimus.

How should I take Afinitor (Afinitor)?

Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results.

Everolimus should be taken at the same time each day. You may take everolimus with or without food, but take it the same way each time.

Take this medication with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.

Do not crush or chew an everolimus tablet. Swallow the pill whole. If you have trouble swallowing the tablet, stir it into 2 tablespoons of water until the tablet breaks apart. Stir this mixture and drink all of it right away. To make sure you get the entire dose, add a little more water to the same glass, swirl gently and drink right away.

Everolimus can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections. This can make it easier for you to bleed from an injury or get sick from being around others who are ill. Your blood will need to be tested often. Your kidney function will also need to be tested. Visit your doctor regularly.

If you have hepatitis B you may develop liver symptoms after you stop taking this medication, even months after stopping. Your doctor may want to check your liver function for several months after you stop using everolimus. Visit your doctor regularly.

Store at room temperature in the original container, away from moisture, heat, and light. Keep each tablet in its blister pack until you are ready to take it.

Side Effects Centers

Afinitor Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Afinitor)?

If you are less than 6 hours late in taking your medicine, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose (Afinitor)?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking Afinitor (Afinitor)?

Do not receive a "live" vaccine while taking everolimus, and avoid coming into contact with anyone who has recently received a live vaccine. There is a chance that the virus could be passed on to you. Live vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), oral polio, typhoid, chickenpox (varicella), BCG (Bacillus Calmette and Guérin), and nasal flu vaccine.

Grapefruit, grapefruit juice, starfruit, and Seville oranges may interact with everolimus and lead to potentially dangerous effects. Avoid using these products while you are taking Afinitor.

What other drugs will affect Afinitor (Afinitor)?

Many drugs can interact with everolimus. Below is just a partial list. Tell your doctor if you are using:

  • aprepitant (Emend);
  • bosentan (Tracleer);
  • conivaptan (Vaprisol);
  • dexamethasone (Decadron, Hexadrol);
  • imatinib (Gleevec);
  • isoniazid (for treating tuberculosis);
  • rifabutin (Mycobutin), rifampin (Rifadin, Rifater, Rifamate), or rifapentine (Priftin);
  • St. John's wort;
  • an antibiotic such as clarithromycin (Biaxin), erythromycin (E.E.S., EryPed, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin), or telithromycin (Ketek);
  • an antidepressant such as nefazodone;
  • antifungal medication such as clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), itraconazole (Sporanox), ketoconazole (Nizoral), miconazole (Oravig), or voriconazole (Vfend);
  • a barbiturate such as butabarbital (Butisol), secobarbital (Seconal), pentobarbital (Nembutal), or phenobarbital (Solfoton);
  • heart or blood pressure medication such as amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone), diltiazem (Cartia, Cardizem), dronedarone (Multaq), nicardipine (Cardene), quinidine (Quin-G), or verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan);
  • HIV or AIDS medication such as atazanavir (Reyataz), delavirdine (Rescriptor), efavirenz (Atripla, Sustiva), etravirine (Intelence), fosamprenavir (Lexiva), indinavir (Crixivan), nelfinavir (Viracept), nevirapine (Viramune), saquinavir (Invirase), or ritonavir (Kaletra, Norvir);
  • medicines used to prevent organ transplant rejection, such as cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune), sirolimus (Rapamune), or tacrolimus (Prograf).
  • medicines to treat narcolepsy, such as armodafinil (Nuvigil) or modafinil (Progivil); or
  • seizure medication such as carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Equetro, Tegretol), felbamate (Felbatol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), phenobarbital (Solfoton), phenytoin (Dilantin), or primidone (Mysoline).

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about everolimus (Afinitor).


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 8.01. Revision date: 7/14/2011.

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Side Effects Centers

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