Cedax (Ceftibuten)
برای این دارو، اطلاعات عمومی (فارسی) یافت نشد . برای افزودن اطلاعات فارسی به این دارو کلیک نمایید.
Cedax (Ceftibuten)

CEDAX®
(ceftibuten) capsules and oral suspension

DRUG DESCRIPTION

CEDAX (ceftibuten capsules) and (ceftibuten for oral suspension) contain the active ingredient ceftibuten as ceftibuten dihydrate. Ceftibuten dihydrate is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic for oral administration. Chemically, it is (+)-(6R,7R)-7-[(Z)-2-(2Amino-4-thiazolyl)-4-carboxycrotonamido]-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2carboxylic acid, dihydrate. Its molecular formula is C15H14N4O6S2•2H2O. Its molecular weight is 446.43 as the dihydrate.

Ceftibuten dihydrate has the following structural formula:

CEDAX®
  (ceftibuten) Structural Formula Illustration

CEDAX Capsules contain ceftibuten dihydrate equivalent to 400 mg of ceftibuten. Inactive ingredients contained in the capsule formulation include: magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and sodium starch glycolate. The capsule shell and/or band contains gelatin, sodium lauryl sulfate, titanium dioxide, and polysorbate 80. The capsule shell may also contain benzyl alcohol, sodium propionate, edetate calcium disodium, butylparaben, propylparaben, and methylparaben.

CEDAX Oral Suspension after reconstitution contains ceftibuten dihydrate equivalent to 90 mg of ceftibuten per 5 mL or 180 mg of ceftibuten per 5 mL. CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension is cherry flavored and contains the inactive ingredients: cherry flavoring, polysorbate 80, silicon dioxide, simethicone, sodium benzoate, sucrose (approximately 1 g/5 mL), titanium dioxide, and xanthan gum.

What are the possible side effects of ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
  • fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms;
  • unusual bleeding;
  • blood in your urine;
  • seizure (convulsions);
  • pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine, fever, confusion or weakness;
  • jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
  • fever, swollen glands, rash or...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Cedax »

What are the precautions when taking ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Before taking ceftibuten, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to penicillins or other cephalosporin antibiotics (e.g., cephalexin); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, stomach/intestinal disease (e.g., colitis).

Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, elderly people may be at greater risk for side effects while using this drug.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits...

Read All Potential Precautions of Cedax »

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

INDICATIONS

CEDAX (ceftibuten) is indicated for the treatment of individuals with mild-to-moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the specific conditions listed below (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and Clinical Studies sections).

Acute Bacterial Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis due to Haemophilus influenzae (including β-lactamase-producing strains), Moraxella catarrhalis (including β-lactamase-producing strains), or Streptococcus pneumoniae (penicillin-susceptible strains only).

NOTE: In acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis clinical trials where Moraxella catarrhalis was isolated from infected sputum at baseline, ceftibuten clinical efficacy was 22% less than control.

Acute Bacterial Otitis Media due to Haemophilus influenzae (including β-lactamase-producing strains), Moraxella catarrhalis (including β-lactamase-producing strains), or Streptococcus pyogenes.

NOTE: Although ceftibuten used empirically was equivalent to comparators in the treatment of clinically and/or microbiologically documented acute otitis media, the efficacy against Streptococcus pneumoniae was 23% less than control. Therefore, ceftibuten should be given empirically only when adequate antimicrobial coverage against Streptococcus pneumoniae has been previously administered.

Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis due to Streptococcus pyogenes.

NOTE: Only penicillin by the intramuscular route of administration has been shown to be effective in the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever. Ceftibuten is generally effective in the eradication of Streptococcus pyogenes from the oropharynx; however, data establishing the efficacy of the CEDAX (ceftibuten) product for the prophylaxis of subsequent rheumatic fever are not available.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The recommended doses of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension are presented in the table below. CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension must be administered at least 2 hours before or 1 hour after a meal.

Type of infection (as qualified in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section of this labeling) Daily Maximum Dose Dose and Frequency Duration
ADULTS (12 years of age and older): Acute Bacterial Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis due to H. influenzas (including β-actamase-producing strains), M. catarrhalis (including β-lactamase-producing strains), or Streptococcus pneumonias (penicillin-susceptible strains only). (See INDICATIONS - NOTE.) Pharyngitis and tonsillitis due to S. pyogenes. Acute Bacterial Otitis Media due to H. influenzae (including β-lactamase-producing strains), M. catarrhalis (including β-lactamase-producing strains), or S. pyogenes. (See INDICATIONS - NOTE.) 400 mg 400 mg QD 10 days
PEDIATRIC PATIENTS: laryngitis and tonsillitis due to S. pyogenes. Acute Bacterial Otitis Media due to H. influenzae (including β-lactamase-producing strains), and M. catarrhalis including β-lactamase-producing strains), or S. pyogenes. (See INDICATIONS - NOTE.) 400 mg 9 mg/kg QD 10 days
CEFTIBUTEN ORAL SUSPENSION PEDIATRIC DOSAGE CHART
CHILD'S WEIGHT 90 mg/5 mL 180 mg/5mL
10 kg 22 Ibs 1 tsp QD 1/2 tsp QD
20 kg 44 Ibs 2 tsp QD 1 tsp QD
40 kg 88 Ibs 4 tsp QD 2 tsp QD

Pediatric patients weighing more than 45 kg should receive the maximum daily dose of 400 mg.

Renal Impairment

CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules and CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension may be administered at normal doses in the presence of impaired renal function with creatinine clearance of 50 mL/min or greater. The recommendations for dosing in patients with varying degrees of renal insufficiency are presented in the following table.

Creatinine Clearance (mL/min) Recommended Dosing Schedules
> 50 9 mg/kg or 400 mg Q24h
(normal dosing schedule)
30-49 4.5 mg/kg or 200 mg Q24h
5-29 2.25 mg/kg or 100 mg Q24h

Hemodialysis Patients

In patients undergoing hemodialysis two or three times weekly, a single 400-mg dose of ceftibuten capsules or a single dose of 9 mg/kg (maximum of 400 mg of ceftibuten) oral suspension may be administered at the end of each hemodialysis session.

Directions for Mixing CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension

DIRECTIONS FOR MIXING CEDAX (ceftibuten) ORAL SUSPENSION

Final Concentration Bottle Size Amount of Water Directions
90 mg per 5 mL 60 mL Suspend in 53 mL of water First tap the bottle to loosen powder. Then add water in two portions, shaking well after each aliquot.
90 mL Suspend in 78 mL of water
120 mL Suspend in 103 mL of water
180 mg per 5 mL 30 m Suspend in 28 mL of water
60 mL Suspend in 53 mL of water

After mixing, the suspension may be kept for 14 days and must be stored in the refrigerator. Keep tightly closed. Shake well before each use. Discard any unused portion after 14 days.

HOW SUPPLIED

CEDAX Capsules, containing 400 mg of ceftibuten (as ceftibuten dihydrate) are white, opaque capsules imprinted with the product name and strength, are available as follows:

20 Capsules/Bottle (NDC 65224-800-22)

Store the capsules between 2° and 25°C (36° and 77°F). Replace cap securely after each opening.

CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension is an off-white to cream-colored powder that, when reconstituted as directed, contains ceftibuten equivalent to 90 mg/5 mL or 180 mg/5 mL, supplied as follows:

90 mg/5 mL

18 mg/mL 60-mL Bottle (NDC 65224-802-02)
18 mg/mL 90-mL Bottle (NDC 65224-802-03)
18 mg/mL 120-mL Bottle (NDC 65224-802-04)

180 mg/5 mL

36 mg/mL 30-mL Bottle (NDC 65224-804-30)
36 mg/mL 60-mL Bottle (NDC 65224-804-02)

Prior to reconstitution, the powder must be stored between 2° and 25°C (36° and 77°F). Once it is reconstituted, the oral suspension is stable for 14 days when stored in the refrigerator between 2° and 8°C (36° and 46°F).

For inquires call 1-800-793-2145. Manufactured by Schering Corporation Miami Lakes, FL 33014, USA. Distributed by Pernix Therapeutics, LLC Gonzales, LA 70737, USA. Revised 04/10

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials

CEDAX (ceftibuten) CAPSULES (adult patients)

In clinical trials, 1728 adult patients (1092 US and 636 international) were treated with the recommended dose of ceftibuten capsules (400 mg per day). There were no deaths or permanent disabilities thought due to drug toxicity in any of the patients in these studies. Thirty-six of 1728 (2%) patients discontinued medication due to adverse events thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to drug toxicity. The discontinuations were primarily for gastrointestinal disturbances, usually diarrhea, vomiting, or nausea. Six of 1728 (0.3%) patients were discontinued due to rash or pruritus thought related to ceftibuten administration.

In the US trials, the following adverse events were thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to ceftibuten capsules in multipledose clinical trials (n = 1092 ceftibuten-treated patients).

ADVERSE REACTIONS
CEFTIBUTEN CAPSULES
US CLINICAL TRIALS IN ADULT PATIENTS (n = 1092)
Incidence equal to or greater than 1% Nausea 4%
Headache 3%
Diarrhea 3%
Dyspepsia 2%
Dizziness 1%
Abdominal pain 1%
Vomiting 1%
Incidence less than 1% but greater than 0.1% Anorexia, Constipation, Dry mouth, Dyspnea, Dysuria, Eructation, Fatigue, Flatulence, Loose stools, Moniliasis, Nasal congestion, Paresthesia, Pruritus, Rash, Somnolence, Taste perversion,Urticaria, Vaginitis  
LABORATORY VALUE CHANGES*
CEFTIBUTEN CAPSULES
US CLINICAL TRIALS IN ADULT PATIENTS
Incidence equal to or greater than 1% ↑ BUN 4%
↑ Eosinophils 3%
↓ Hemoglobin 2%
↑ALT (SGPT) 1%
↑ Bilirubin 1%
Incidence less than 1% but greater than 0.1% ↑ Alk phosphatase  
↑ Creatinine  
↑ Platelets  
↓Platelets  
↓ Leukocytes  
↑ AST (SCOT)  
* Changes in laboratory values with possible clinical significance regardless of whether or not the investigator thought that the change was due to drug toxicity.

CEDAX (ceftibuten) ORAL SUSPENSION (pediatric patients)

In clinical trials, 1152 pediatric patients (772 US and 380 international), 97% of whom were younger than 12 years of age, were treated with the recommended dose of ceftibuten (9 mg/kg once daily up to a maximum dose of 400 mg per day) for 10 days. There were no deaths, life-threatening adverse events, or permanent disabilities in any of the patients in these studies. Eight of 1152 ( < 1%) patients discontinued medication due to adverse events thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to drug toxicity. The discontinuations were primarily (7 out of 8) for gastrointestinal disturbances, usually diarrhea or vomiting. One patient was discontinued due to a cutaneous rash thought possibly related to ceftibuten administration.

In the US trials, the following adverse events were thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to ceftibuten oral suspension in multipledose clinical trials (n = 772 ceftibuten-treated patients).

ADVERSE REACTIONS
CEFTIBUTEN ORAL SUSPENSION
US CLINICAL TRIALS IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS (n = 772)
Incidence equal to or greater than1% Diarrhea* 4%
Vomiting 2%
Abdominal pain 2%
Loose stools 2%
Incidence less than 1% but greater than 0.1% Agitation, Anorexia, Dehydration, Diaper dermatitis, Dizziness, Dyspepsia, Fever, Headache, Hematuria, Hyperkinesia, Insomnia, Irritability, Nausea, Pruritus, Rash, Rigors, Urticaria  
* NOTE: The incidence of diarrhea in pediatric patients ≤ 2 years old was 8% (23/301) compared with 2% (9/471) in pediatric patients > 2 years old.

LABORATORY VALUE CHANGES*
CEFTIBUTEN ORAL SUSPENSION
US CLINICAL TRIALS IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS
Incidence equal to or greater than1% ↑ Eosinophils 3%
↑ BUN 2%
↓ Hemoglobin 1%
↑ Platelets 1%
Incidence less than 1% but greater than 0.1% ↑ ALT (SGPT)  
↑ AST (SCOT)  
↑ Alk phosphatase  
↑ Bilirubin  
↑ Creatinine  
* Changes in laboratory values with possible clinical significance regardless of whether or not the investigator thought that the change was due to drug toxicity.

In Post-marketing Experience

The following adverse experiences have been reported during worldwide post-marketing surveillance: aphasia, jaundice, melena, psychosis, serum sickness-like reactions, stridor, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis.

Cephalosporin-class Adverse Reactions

In addition to the adverse reactions listed above that have been observed in patients treated with ceftibuten capsules, the following adverse events and altered laboratory tests have been reported for cephalosporin-class antibiotics:

allergic reactions, anaphylaxis, drug fever, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, renal dysfunction, toxic nephropathy, hepatic cholestasis, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, hemorrhage, false-positive test for urinary glucose, neutropenia, pancytopenia, and agranulocytosis. Pseudomembranous colitis; onset of symptoms may occur during or after antibiotic treatment (see WARNINGS).

Several cephalosporins have been implicated in triggering seizures, particularly in patients with renal impairment when the dosage was not reduced (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and OVERDOSAGE). If seizures associated with drug therapy occur, the drug should be discontinued. Anticonvulsant therapy can be given if clinically indicated.

Read the Cedax (ceftibuten) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Theophylline

Twelve healthy male volunteers were administered one 200-mg ceftibuten capsule twice daily for 6 days. With the morning dose of ceftibuten on day 6, each volunteer received a single intravenous infusion of theophylline (4 mg/kg). The pharmacokinetics of theophylline were not altered. The effect of ceftibuten on the pharmacokinetics of theophylline administered orally has not been investigated.

Antacids or H2-receptor antagonists

The effect of increased gastric pH on the bioavailability of ceftibuten was evaluated in 18 healthy adult volunteers. Each volunteer was administered one 400-mg ceftibuten capsule. A single dose of liquid antacid did not affect the Cmax or AUC of ceftibuten; however, 150 mg of ranitidine q12h for 3 days increased the ceftibuten Cmax by 23% and ceftibuten AUC by 16%. The clinical relevance of these increases is not known.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

There have been no chemical or laboratory test interactions with ceftibuten noted to date. False-positive direct Coombs' tests have been reported during treatment with other cephalosporins. Therefore, it should be recognized that a positive Coombs' test could be due to the drug. The results of assays using red cells from healthy subjects to determine whether ceftibuten would cause direct Coombs' reactions in vitro showed no positive reaction at ceftibuten concentrations as high as 40 µg/mL.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

WARNINGS

BEFORE THERAPY WITH THE CEDAX (ceftibuten) PRODUCT IS INSTITUTED, CAREFUL INQUIRY SHOULD BE MADE TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE PATIENT HAS HAD PREVIOUS HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS TO CEFTIBUTEN, OTHER CEPHALOSPORINS, PENICILLINS, OR OTHER DRUGS. IF THIS PRODUCT IS TO BE GIVEN TO PENICILLIN-SENSITIVE PATIENTS, CAUTION SHOULD BE EXERCISED BECAUSE CROSS HYPERSENSITIVITY AMONG BETA-LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS HAS BEEN CLEARLY DOCUMENTED AND MAY OCCUR IN UP TO 10% OF PATIENTS WITH A HISTORY OF PENICILLIN ALLERGY. IF AN ALLERGIC REACTION TO THE CEDAX (ceftibuten) PRODUCT OCCURS, DISCONTINUE THE DRUG. SERIOUS ACUTE HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS MAY REQUIRE TREATMENT WITH EPINEPHRINE AND OTHER EMERGENCY MEASURES, INCLUDING OXYGEN, INTRAVENOUS FLUIDS, INTRAVENOUS ANTIHISTAMINES, CORTICOSTEROIDS, PRESSOR AMINES, AND AIRWAY MANAGEMENT, AS CLINICALLY INDICATED.

Pseudomembranous colitis has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents, including ceftibuten, and may range in severity from mild to life threatening. Therefore, it is important to consider this diagnosis in patients who present with diarrhea subsequent to the administration of antibacterial agents.

Treatment with antibacterial agents alters normal flora of the colon and may permit overgrowth of clostridia. Studies indicate that a toxin produced by Clostridium difficile is one primary cause of "antibiotic-associated colitis".

After the diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis has been established, appropriate therapeutic measures should be initiated. Mild cases of pseudomembranous colitis usually respond to drug discontinuation alone. In moderate to severe cases, consideration should be given to management with fluids and electrolytes, protein supplementation, and treatment with an antibacterial drug clinically effective against Clostridium difficile.

PRECAUTIONS

General

As with other broad-spectrum antibiotics, prolonged treatment may result in the possible emergence and overgrowth of resistant organisms. Careful observation of the patient is essential. If superinfection occurs during therapy, appropriate measures should be taken.

The dose of ceftibuten may require adjustment in patients with varying degrees of renal insufficiency, particularly in patients with creatinine clearance less than 50 mL/min or undergoing hemodialysis (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION). Ceftibuten is readily dialyzable. Dialysis patients should be monitored carefully, and administration of ceftibuten should occur immediately following dialysis.

Ceftibuten should be prescribed with caution to individuals with a history of gastrointestinal disease, particularly colitis.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of ceftibuten. No mutagenic effects were seen in the following studies: in vitro chromosome assay in human lymphocytes, in vivo chromosome assay in mouse bone marrow cells, Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell point mutation assay at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT) locus, and in a bacterial reversion point mutation test (Ames). No impairment of fertility occurred when rats were administered ceftibuten orally up to 2000 mg/kg/day (approximately 43 times the human dose based on mg/m2/day).

Pregnancy

Teratogenic effects - Pregnancy Category B

Ceftibuten was not teratogenic in the pregnant rat at oral doses up to 400 mg/kg/day (approximately 8.6 times the human dose based on mg/m2/day). Ceftibuten was not teratogenic in the pregnant rabbit at oral doses up to 40 mg/kg/day (approximately 1.5 times the human dose based on mg/m2/day) and has revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Labor and Delivery

Ceftibuten has not been studied for use during labor and delivery. Its use during such clinical situations should be weighed in terms of potential risk and benefit to both mother and fetus.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether ceftibuten (at recommended dosages) is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when ceftibuten is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

The safety and efficacy of ceftibuten in infants less than 6 months of age has not been established.

Geriatric Patients

The usual adult dosage recommendation may be followed for patients in this age group. However, these patients should be monitored closely, particularly their renal function, as dosage adjustment may be required.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OVERDOSE

Overdosage of cephalosporins can cause cerebral irritation leading to convulsions. Ceftibuten is readily dialyzable and significant quantities (65% of plasma concentrations) can be removed from the circulation by a single hemodialysis session. Information does not exist with regard to removal of ceftibuten by peritoneal dialysis.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

CEDAX (ceftibuten) is contraindicated in patients with known allergy to the cephalosporin group of antibiotics.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Cedax Capsules

Ceftibuten is rapidly absorbed after oral administration of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules. The plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters of ceftibuten after a single 400-mg dose of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules to 12 healthy adult male volunteers (20 to 39 years of age) are displayed in the table below. When CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules were administered once daily for 7 days, the average Cmax was 17.9 µg/mL on day 7. Therefore, ceftibuten accumulation in plasma is about 20% at steady state.

Cedax Oral Suspension

Ceftibuten is rapidly absorbed after oral administration of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension. The plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters of ceftibuten after a single 9-mg/kg dose of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension to 32 fasting pediatric patients (6 months to 12 years of age) are displayed in the following table:

Parameter Average Plasma Concentration (in µg/mL of ceftibuten after a single 400-mg dose) and Derived Pharmacokinetic Parameters (± 1 SD)
(n = 12 healthy adult males)
Average Plasma Concentration (in µg/mL of ceftibuten after a single 9-mg/kg dose) and Derived Pharmacokinetic Parameters (± 1 SD)
(n = 32 pediatric patients)
1.0 h 6.1 (5.1) 9.3 (6.3)
1.5 h 9.9 (5.9) 8.6 (4.4)
2.0 h 11.3(5.2) 11.2(4.6)
3.0 h 13.3(3.0) 9.0 (3.4)
4.0 h 11.2(2.9) 6.6(3.1)
6.0 h 5.8(1.6) 3.8 (2.5)
8.0 h 3.2(1.0) 1.6(1.3)
12.0 h 1.1 (0.4) 0.5 (0.4)
Cmax, µg/mL 15.0(3.3) 13.4(4.9)
Tmax, h 2.6 (0.9) 2.0(1.0)
AUC, µg•h/mL 73.7(16.0) 56.0(16.9)
T½, h 2.4 (0.2) 2.0 (0.6)
Total body clearance (CI/F) mL/min/kg 1.3(0.3) 2.9 (0.7)

The absolute bioavailability of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension has not been determined. The plasma concentrations of ceftibuten in pediatric patients are dose proportional following single doses of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules of 200 mg and 400 mg and of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension between 4.5 mg/kg and 9 mg/kg.

Distribution

Cedax (ceftibuten) Capsules

The average apparent volume of distribution (V/F) of ceftibuten in 6 adult subjects is 0.21 L/kg (± 1 SD = 0.03 L/kg).

Cedax (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension

The average apparent volume of distribution (V/F) of ceftibuten in 32 fasting pediatric patients is 0.5 L/kg (± 1 SD = 0.2 L/kg).

Protein Binding

Ceftibuten is 65% bound to plasma proteins. The protein binding is independent of plasma ceftibuten concentration.

Tissue Penetration

Bronchial secretions

In a study of 15 adults administered a single 400-mg dose of ceftibuten and scheduled to undergo bronchoscopy, the mean concentrations in epithelial lining fluid and bronchial mucosa were 15% and 37%, respectively, of the plasma concentrations.

Sputum

Ceftibuten sputum levels average approximately 7% of the concomitant plasma ceftibuten level. In a study of 24 adults administered ceftibuten 200 mg bid or 400 mg qd, the average Cmax in sputum (1.5 µg/mL) occurred at 2 hours post dose and the average Cmax in plasma (17 µg/mL) occurred at 2 hours post dose.

Middle-ear fluid (MEF)

In a study of 12 pediatric patients administered 9 mg/kg, ceftibuten MEF area under the curve (AUC) averaged approximately 70% of the plasma AUG. In the same study, Cmax values were 14.3 ± 2.7 µg/mL in MEF at 4 hours post dose and 14.5 ± 3.7 µg/mL in plasma at 2 hours post dose.

Tonsillar tissue

Data on ceftibuten penetration into tonsillar tissue are not available.

Cerebrospinal fluid

Data on ceftibuten penetration into cerebrospinal fluid are not available.

Metabolism and Excretion

A study with radio labeled ceftibuten administered to 6 healthy adult male volunteers demonstrated that cis-ceftibuten is the predominant component in both plasma and urine. About 10% of ceftibuten is converted to the trans-isomer. The trans-isomer is approximately 1/8; as antimicrobially potent as the cis-isomer.

Ceftibuten is excreted in the urine; 95% of the administered radioactivity was recovered either in urine or feces. In 6 healthy adult male volunteers, approximately 56% of the administered dose of ceftibuten was recovered from urine and 39% from the feces within 24 hours. Because renal excretion is a significant pathway of elimination, patients with renal dysfunction and patients undergoing hemodialysis require dosage adjustment (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Food Effect on Absorption

Food affects the bioavailability of ceftibuten from CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules and CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension.

The effect of food on the bioavailability of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules was evaluated in 26 healthy adult male volunteers who ingested 400 mg of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules after an overnight fast or immediately after a standardized breakfast. Results showed that food delays the time of Cmax by 1.75 hours, decreases the Cmax by 18%, and decreases the extent of absorption (AUC) by 8%.

The effect of food on the bioavailability of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension was evaluated in 18 healthy adult male volunteers who ingested 400 mg of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension after an overnight fast or immediately after a standardized breakfast. Results obtained demonstrated a decrease in Cmax of 26% and an AUC of 17% when CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension was administered with a high-fat breakfast, and a decrease in Cmax of 17% and an AUC of 12% when CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension was administered with a low-calorie nonfat breakfast (see PRECAUTIONS).

Bioequivalence of Dosage Formulations

A study in 18 healthy adult male volunteers demonstrated that a 400-mg dose of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Capsules produced equivalent concentrations to a 400-mg dose of CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension. Average Cmax values were 15.6 (3.1) µg/mL for the capsule and 17.0 (3.2) µg/mL for the suspension. Average AUC values were 80.1 (14.4) µg•hr/mL for the capsule and 87.0 (12.2) µg•hr/mL for the suspension.

Special Populations

Geriatric patients

Ceftibuten pharmacokinetics have been investigated in elderly (65 years of age and older) men (n = 8) and women (n = 4). Each volunteer received ceftibuten 200-mg capsules twice daily for 3½ days. The average Cmax was 17.5 (3.7) µg/mL after 3½ days of dosing compared to 12.9 (2.1) µg/mL after the first dose; ceftibuten accumulation in plasma was 40% at steady state. Information regarding the renal function of these volunteers was not available; therefore, the significance of this finding for clinical use of CEDAX Capsules in elderly patients is not clear. Ceftibuten dosage adjustment in elderly patients may be necessary (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Patients with renal insufficiency

Ceftibuten pharmacokinetics have been investigated in adult patients with renal dysfunction. The ceftibuten plasma half-life increased and apparent total clearance (CI/F) decreased proportionately with increasing degree of renal dysfunction. In 6 patients with moderate renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance 30 to 49 mU/min), the plasma half-life of ceftibuten increased to 7.1 hours and CI/F decreased to 30 mL/min. In 6 patients with severe renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance 5 to 29 mL/min), the half-life increased to 13.4 hours and CI/F decreased to 16 mL/min. In 6 functionally anephric patients (creatinine clearance < 5 mL/min), the half-life increased to 22.3 hours and CI/F decreased to 11 mL/min (a 7- to 8-fold change compared to healthy volunteers). Hemodialysis removed 65% of the drug from the blood in 2 to 4 hours. These changes serve as the basis for dosage adjustment recommendations in adult patients with mild to severe renal dysfunction (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Microbiology

Ceftibuten exerts its bactericidal action by binding to essential target proteins of the bacterial cell wall. This binding leads to inhibition of cell-wall synthesis.

Ceftibuten is stable in the presence of most plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases, but it is not stable in the presence of chromosomally-mediated cephalosporinases produced in organisms such as Bacteroides, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Morganella, and Serratia. Like other beta-lactam agents, ceftibuten should not be used against strains resistant to beta-lactams due to general mechanisms such as permeability or penicillin-binding protein changes like penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae.

Ceftibuten has been shown to be active against most strains of the following organisms both in vitro and in clinical infections (see INDICATIONS):

Gram-positive aerobes:

Streptococcus pneumoniae (penicillin-susceptible strains only)
Streptococcus pyogenes

Gram-negative aerobes:

Haemophilus influenzae (including β-lactamase-producing strains)
Moraxella catarrhalis (including β-lactamase-producing strains)

There are no known organisms which are potential pathogens in the indications approved for ceftibuten for which ceftibuten exhibits in vitro activity but for which the safety and efficacy of ceftibuten in treating clinical infections due to these organisms, have not been established in adequate and well-controlled trials.

NOTE: Ceftibuten is INACTIVE in vitro against Acinetobacter, Bordetella, Campylobacter, Enterobacter, Enterococcus, Flavobacterium, Hafnia, Listeria, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus (except pneumoniae and pyogenes) species. In addition, it shows little in vitro activity against most anaerobes, including most species of Bacteroides.

Susceptibility testing

Dilution Techniques

Quantitative methods are used to determine antimicrobial minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs). These MICs provide estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. The MICs should be determined using a standardized procedure. Standardized procedures are based on a dilution method (broth, agar, or microdilution) or equivalent with standardized inoculum concentrations and standardized concentrations of ceftibuten powder. The MIC values should be interpreted according to the following criteria when testing Haemophilus species using Haemophilus Test Media (HTM):

MIC (µg/mL) Interpretation
≤ 2 (S) Susceptible

The current absence of resistant strains precludes defining any categories other than "Susceptible". Strains yielding results suggestive of a "Nonsusceptible" category should be submitted to a reference laboratory for further testing.

A report of "Susceptible" implies that an infection due to the strain may be appropriately treated with the dosage of antimicrobial agent recommended for that type of infection and infecting species, unless otherwise contraindicated.

Ceftibuten is indicated for penicillin-susceptible only strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae. A pneumococcal isolate that is susceptible to penicillin (MIC ≤ 0.06 µg/mL) can be considered susceptible to ceftibuten for approved indications. Testing of ceftibuten against penicillin-intermediate or penicillin-resistant isolates is not recommended. Reliable interpretive criteria for ceftibuten are not currently available. Physicians should be informed that clinical response rates with ceftibuten may be lower in strains that are not penicillin-susceptible.

Standardized susceptibility test procedures require the use of laboratory control microorganisms to control the technical aspect of laboratory procedures. Standard ceftibuten powder should provide the following MIC values:

Organism MIC range (µg/mL)
Haemophilus influenzas ATCC 49247 0.25-1.0

Diffusion Techniques

Quantitative methods that require measurement of zone diameters also provide estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. One such standardized procedure requires the use of standardized inoculum concentrations. This procedure uses paper disks impregnated with 30 ug of ceftibuten to test the susceptibility of microorganisms to ceftibuten.

Reports from the laboratory providing results of the standard single-disk susceptibility test with a 30-ug ceftibuten disk should be interpreted according to the following criteria when testing Haemophilus species using Haemophilus Test Media (HTM):

Zone diameter (mm) Interpretation
≥ 28 (S) Susceptible

The current absence of resistant strains precludes defining any categories other than "Susceptible". Strains yielding results suggestive of a "Nonsusceptible" category should be submitted to a reference laboratory for further testing.

Interpretation should be as stated above for results using dilution techniques.

Ceftibuten is indicated for penicillin-susceptible only strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumococcal isolates with oxacillin zone sizes of ≥ 20 mm are susceptible to penicillin and can be considered susceptible for approved indications. Reliable disk diffusion tests for ceftibuten do not yet exist.

As with standardized dilution techniques, diffusion methods require the use of laboratory control microorganisms that are used to control the technical aspects of the laboratory procedures. For the diffusion technique, the 30-µg ceftibuten disk should provide the following zone diameters in these laboratory test quality control strains:

Organism Zone diameter (mm)
Haemophilus influenzae ATCC 49247 28-34

Cephalosporin-class disks should not be used to test for susceptibility to ceftibuten.

Clinical Studies

Acute Bacterial Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis

Three clinical trials (two domestic, the third abroad) have been conducted testing ceftibuten in the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB). Overall, the clinical outcome among patients who had signs and symptoms of AECB, who had a gram stain showing a predominance of PMNs and few epithelial cells, and who were evaluated at approximately 1 to 2 weeks after completing therapy were equivalent to comparators. The bacterial eradication rates of specific pathogens are presented below.

BACTERIOLOGICAL OUTCOME ACUTE BACTERIAL EXACERBATIONS OF CHRONIC BRONCHITIS

  Ceftibuten 400 mg QD Control
Bacteriological Eradication Rates
Haemophilus influenzas 45/62 (73%) 26/36 (72%)
H. parainfluenzae 10/10 4/6
Moraxella catarrhalis 33/46 (72%) 32/34 (94%)
Streptococcus pneumoniae 23/35 (66%) 14/20 (70%)

Acute Bacterial Otitis Media

Four clinical trials (three domestic, the fourth abroad) have been conducted testing ceftibuten in the treatment of acute bacterial otitis media. Overall, the clinical outcome among patients who had signs and symptoms of acute bacterial otitis media and who were evaluated at approximately 1 to 2 weeks after completing therapy were equivalent to comparators. Tympanocentesis was performed on patients in three of the above-mentioned studies; the bacterial eradication rates of specific pathogens are presented below.

BACTERIOLOGICAL OUTCOME ACUTE BACTERIAL OTITIS MEDIA

  Ceftibuten 9 mg/kg QD Control
Bacteriological Eradication Rates
Haemophilus influenzae 56/67(81%) 29/38 (76%)
Moraxella catarrhalis 20/26 (77%) 13/17(77%)
Streptococcus pneumoniae 68/105(65%) 35/40 (88%)
Streptococcus pyogenes 13/15(87%) 5/5

REFERENCES

1. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically - Third Edition. Approved Standard NCCLS Document M7-A3, Vol. 13, No. 25, NCCLS, Villanova, PA. December, 1993.

2. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Tests- Fifth Edition. Approved Standard NCCLS Document M2-A5, Vol. 13, No. 24, NCCLS, Villanova, PA. December, 1993.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

PATIENT INFORMATION

Patients should be informed that:

  • If the patient is diabetic, he/she should be informed that CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension contains 1 gram sucrose per teaspoon of suspension.
  • CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension should be taken at least 2 hours before a meal or at least 1 hour after a meal (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Food Effect on Absorption).

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

>

PATIENT INFORMATION

Patients should be informed that:

  • If the patient is diabetic, he/she should be informed that CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension contains 1 gram sucrose per teaspoon of suspension.
  • CEDAX (ceftibuten) Oral Suspension should be taken at least 2 hours before a meal or at least 1 hour after a meal (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Food Effect on Absorption).

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/5/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Disclaimer

Cedax Consumer

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

CEFTIBUTEN - ORAL

(SEF-ti-BUE-ten)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Cedax

USES: This medication is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. This medication is known as a cephalosporin antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections (e.g., common cold, flu). Unnecessary use or misuse of any antibiotic can lead to its decreased effectiveness.

HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually once daily or as directed by your doctor.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy.

Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, take this drug at evenly spaced intervals.

Continue to take this medication until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may result in a return of the infection.

Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Disclaimer

Cedax Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, stomach upset, or headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: dark urine, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin, black stool, change in the amount of urine, joint pain.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: new signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), easy bleeding/bruising, tiredness, fast/pounding heartbeat, seizures, mental/mood changes (such as confusion).

This medication may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a type of resistant bacteria. This condition may occur during treatment or weeks to months after treatment has stopped. Do not use anti-diarrhea products or narcotic pain medications if you have any of the following symptoms because these products may make them worse. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop: persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool.

Use of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in oral thrush or a new vaginal yeast infection. Contact your doctor if you notice white patches in your mouth, a change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the Cedax (ceftibuten) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

PRECAUTIONS: Before taking ceftibuten, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to penicillins or other cephalosporin antibiotics (e.g., cephalexin); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, stomach/intestinal disease (e.g., colitis).

Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, elderly people may be at greater risk for side effects while using this drug.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Disclaimer

Cedax Consumer (continued)

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: live bacterial vaccines, probenecid.

Although most antibiotics probably do not affect hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring, some antibiotics may decrease their effectiveness. This could cause pregnancy. Examples include rifamycins such as rifampin or rifabutin. Be sure to ask your doctor or pharmacist if you should use additional reliable birth control methods while using this antibiotic.

This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including Coombs' test, certain urine glucose tests), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents should call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents should call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: seizures.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.

This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another infection unless told to do so by your doctor. A different medication may be necessary in that case.

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Store between 36-77 degrees F (2-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Information last revised January 2011. Copyright(c) 2011 First Databank, Inc.

Cedax Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Cedax

Generic Name: ceftibuten (Pronunciation: SEF ti bue ten)

What is ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Ceftibuten is in a group of drugs called cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotics. It works by fighting bacteria in your body.

Ceftibuten is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria.

Ceftibuten may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Cedax 400 mg

white, imprinted with CEDAX, 400 mg

What are the possible side effects of ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
  • fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms;
  • unusual bleeding;
  • blood in your urine;
  • seizure (convulsions);
  • pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine, fever, confusion or weakness;
  • jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
  • fever, swollen glands, rash or itching, joint pain, or general ill feeling;
  • fever, sore throat, and headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash; or
  • increased thirst, loss of appetite, swelling, weight gain, feeling short of breath, urinating less than usual or not at all.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, upset stomach, belching, constipation, mild diarrhea;
  • stiff or tight muscles;
  • numbness or tingly feeling;
  • headache, dizziness, drowsiness, tired feeling;
  • feeling agitated, irritable, restless, or hyperactive;
  • dry mouth;
  • white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips;
  • unusual or unpleasant taste in your mouth;
  • stuffy nose, noisy breathing;
  • sleep problems (insomnia);
  • mild itching or skin rash;
  • vaginal itching or discharge;

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Cedax (ceftibuten) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

What is the most important information I should know about ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to ceftibuten, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillin). Also tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or a history of intestinal problems.

Take this medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Ceftibuten will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

Side Effects Centers

Cedax Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to ceftibuten or to other cephalosporin antibiotics, such as:

  • cefaclor (Raniclor);
  • cefadroxil (Duricef);
  • cefazolin (Ancef);
  • cefdinir (Omnicef);
  • cefditoren (Spectracef);
  • cefpodoxime (Vantin);
  • cefprozil (Cefzil);
  • cefuroxime (Ceftin);
  • cephalexin (Keflex); or
  • cephradine (Velosef).

Before taking ceftibuten, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillins) or if you have.

  • kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis); or
  • a history of intestinal problems, such as colitis.

If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take this medication.

FDA pregnancy category B. This medication is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.

It is not known whether ceftibuten passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

The ceftibuten suspension (liquid) contains sucrose. Talk to your doctor before using this form of ceftibuten if you have diabetes.

How should I take ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. To be sure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Ceftibuten oral liquid should be taken at least 2 hours before or 1 hour after eating a meal.

This medication can cause you to have false results with certain medical tests, including urine glucose (sugar) tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using ceftibuten.

Take ceftibuten for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Ceftibuten will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Store the tablets and capsules at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Store ceftibuten oral liquid in the refrigerator. Do not allow it to freeze. Throw away any unused medication that is older than 14 days.

Side Effects Centers

Cedax Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Cedax)?

Take the medication as soon as you remember the missed dose. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and use the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose (Cedax)?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include seizure (convulsions).

What should I avoid while taking ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

What other drugs will affect ceftibuten (Cedax)?

Before taking ceftibuten, tell your doctor if you are taking any medication that reduces stomach acid, such as:

  • cimetidine (Tagamet);
  • famotidine (Pepcid);
  • omeprazole (Prilosec); or
  • ranitidine (Zantac), and others.

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with ceftibuten. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start taking a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about ceftibuten.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 5.03. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read,understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement,which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

Healthwise

Side Effects Centers

توزیع کنندگان این دارو
شرکت های تولید کننده یا وارد کننده دارو

دارونـــما
نوآوری برای سلامت

طراحی و اجرا M.Ramezani
ارتباط با ما Info@darunama.com