Egrifta (Tesamorelin Injection)
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Egrifta (Tesamorelin Injection)

EGRIFTA™
(tesamorelin) for Injection, for subcutaneous use.

DRUG DESCRIPTION

EGRIFTA™ contains tesamorelin (as the acetate salt), an analog of human growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF). The peptide precursor of tesamorelin acetate is produced synthetically and is comprised of the 44 amino acid sequence of human GRF. Tesamorelin acetate is made by attaching a hexenoyl moiety, a C6 chain with a double bond at position 3, to the tyrosine residue at the N-terminal part of the molecule. The molecular formula of tesamorelin acetate is C221H366N72O67S • x C2H4O2 (x ≈7) and its molecular weight (free base) is 5135.9 Daltons. The structural formula of tesamorelin acetate is:

EGRIFTA™
  (tesamorelin acetate) Structural Formula Illustration

EGRIFTA™ is a sterile, white to off-white, preservative-free lyophilized powder for subcutaneous injection. After reconstitution with the supplied diluent (Sterile Water for Injection, USP), a solution of EGRIFTA™ is clear and colorless. Each single-use vial of EGRIFTA™ contains 2 mg of tesamorelin as the free base (2.2 mg tesamorelin acetate, anhydrous) and the following inactive ingredient: 100 mg mannitol, USP.

What are the possible side effects of tesamorelin (Egrifta)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using tesamorelin and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet;
  • pain or stiffness in your muscles or joints;
  • pain in your arms or legs;
  • wrist pain or numbness;
  • numbness or tingling in your hands or fingers;
  • pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest;
  • high blood sugar (increased thirst,...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Egrifta »

What are the precautions when taking tesamorelin injection (Egrifta)?

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: cancer, diabetes, tumors, hypothalamus or pituitary gland problems (such as due to head injury, pituitary tumor/surgery).

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

This medication must not be used during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant,...

Read All Potential Precautions of Egrifta »

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

INDICATIONS

EGRIFTA™ (tesamorelin for injection) is indicated for the reduction of excess abdominal fat in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy [see Clinical Studies].

Limitations of Use

  • Since the long-term cardiovascular safety and potential long-term cardiovascular benefit of EGRIFTA™ treatment have not been studied and are not known, careful consideration should be given whether to continue EGRIFTA™ treatment in patients who do not show a clear efficacy response as judged by the degree of reduction in visceral adipose tissue measured by waist circumference or CT scan.
  • EGRIFTA™ is not indicated for weight loss management (weight neutral effect).
  • There are no data to support improved compliance with anti-retroviral therapies in HIV-positive patients taking EGRIFTA™.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

General Dosing Information

The recommended dose of EGRIFTA™ is 2 mg injected subcutaneously once a day.

The recommended injection site is the abdomen. Injection sites should be rotated to different areas of the abdomen. Do not inject into scar tissue, bruises or the navel.

Reconstitution Procedure

EGRIFTA™ must be reconstituted with the diluent provided with the product.

Reconstitute the 2 mg vial of EGRIFTA™ with 2.1 mL of diluent. Mix by rolling the vial gently in your hands for 30 seconds. Do not shake.

Detailed instructions for reconstituting EGRIFTA™ are provided in the INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE leaflet enclosed in the boxes containing EGRIFTA™ and diluent.

Administer EGRIFTA™ immediately following reconstitution and throw away any unused EGRIFTA™ solution. If not used immediately, the reconstituted EGRIFTA™ solution should be discarded. Do not freeze or refrigerate the reconstituted EGRIFTA™ solution.

Administration

Reconstituted EGRIFTA™ solution should always be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. EGRIFTA™ must be injected only if the solution is clear, colorless and without particulate matter.

EGRIFTA™ should be injected subcutaneously into the skin on the abdomen. Injection sites should be rotated to different areas of the abdomen. Do not inject into scar tissue, bruises or the navel.

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms and Strengths

EGRIFTA™ (tesamorelin for injection) is supplied in a vial containing 2 mg of tesamorelin as a lyophilized powder. The diluent (Sterile Water for Injection, 10 mL) is provided in a separate vial.

EGRIFTA™ (tesamorelin for injection) is supplied as a sterile, white to off-white lyophilized powder. Each single-use vial of EGRIFTA™ contains 2 mg of tesamorelin as the free base ( 2.2 mg tesamorelin acetate, anhydrous) and the following inactive ingredient: 100 mg mannitol, USP.

EGRIFTA™ is available in a package comprised of two boxes. One box contains 30 vials of EGRIFTA™ and a second box contains 30 single-use 10 mL bottles of reconstitution diluent (Sterile Water for Injection, USP), disposable syringes, and needles sufficient for a 30 day supply.

After reconstitution with Sterile Water for Injection, the reconstituted solution concentration is 1 mg/mL and should be injected immediately.

EGRIFTA™ vials should be protected from light and be kept in the original box until time of use. Non-reconstituted EGRIFTA™ must be stored at refrigerated temperature, between 2°C and 8°C (36°F and 46°F). The reconstitution diluent (Sterile Water for Injection, USP), syringes and needles should be stored at controlled room temperature of 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F).

Syringes and needles are for single-use by a single patient and should never be shared between patients.
NDC 44087-2010-4

Distributed by: EMD Serono, Inc., Rockland, MA 02370, USA. Rev date: 11/2011

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

SIDE EFFECTS

The most commonly reported adverse reactions are hypersensitivity (e.g., rash, urticaria) reactions due to the effect of GH (e.g., arthralgia, extremity pain, peripheral edema, hyperglycemia, carpal tunnel syndrome), injection site reactions (injection site erythema, pruritis, pain, urticaria, irritation, swelling, hemorrhage).

During the first 26 weeks of treatment (main phase), discontinuations as a result of adverse reactions occurred in 9.6% of patients receiving EGRIFTA™ and 6.8% of patients receiving placebo. Apart from patients with hypersensitivity reactions identified during the studies and who were discontinued per protocol (2.2%), the most common reasons for discontinuation of EGRIFTA™ treatment were adverse reactions due to the effect of GH (4.2%) and local injection site reactions (4.6%).

During the following 26 weeks of treatment (extension phase), discontinuations as a result of adverse events occurred in 2.4% of patients in the T-T group (patients treated with tesamorelin for Week 0-26 and with tesamorelin for Week 26-52) and 5.2% of patients in the T-P group (patients treated with tesamorelin for Week 0-26 and with placebo for Week 26-52).

Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Seven hundred and forty HTV-infected patients with lipodystrophy and excess abdominal fat were exposed to EGRIFTA™ in the Phase 3 clinical trials; of these 543 received EGRIFTA™ during the initial 26-week placebo-controlled phase [see Clinical Studies].

Adverse reactions that occurred more frequently with EGRIFTA™ relative to placebo and had an incidence ≥ 1% during the first 26 weeks across all studies are presented in Table 1.

Table 1. Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 1% and More Frequent in EGRIFTA™ -treated than Placebo Patients during the 26-Week Main Phase (Combined Studies)

  Incidence of patients (%) with adverse drug reactions
System Organ Class
Preferred Term
EGRIFTA™
(N=543)
Placebo
(N=263)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Arthralgia 13.3 11.0
  Pain in extremity 6.1 4.6
  Myalgia 5.5 1.9
  Musculoskeletal pain 1.8 0.8
  Musculoskeletal stiffness 1.7 0.4
  Joint stiffness 1.5 0.8
  Muscle spasms 1.1 0.8
  Joint swelling 1.1 0.0
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Injection site erythema 8.5 2.7
  Injection site pruritus 7.6 0.8
  Edema peripheral 6.1 2.3
  Injection site pain 4.1 3.0
  Injection site irritation 2.9 1.1
  Pain 1.7 1.1
  Injection site hemorrhage 1.7 0.4
  Injection site urticaria 1.7 0.4
  Injection site swelling 1.5 0.4
  Injection site reaction 1.3 0.8
  Chest pain 1.1 0.8
  Injection site rash 1.1 0.0
Nervous system disorders
  Paresthesia 4.8 2.3
  Hypoesthesia 4.2 1.5
  Carpal tunnel syndrome 1.5 0.0
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Nausea 4.4 3.8
  Vomiting 2.6 0.0
  Dyspepsia 1.7 0.8
  Abdominal pain upper 1.1 0.8
Cardiac disorders
  Palpitations 1.1 0.4
Psychiatric disorders
  Depression 2.0 1.5
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash 3.7 1.5
  Pruritus 2.4 1.1
  Night sweats 1.1 0.4
Vascular disorders
  Hypertension 1.3 0.8
Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
  Muscle strain 1.1 0.0
Investigations
  Blood creatine phosphokinase increased 1.5 0.4

Mean levels of fasting blood glucose and fasting insulin were not significantly different between EGRIFTA™ -treated and placebo-treated patients after 26 weeks of treatment.

In the EGRIFTA™ Phase 3 clinical trials, mean baseline (Week 0) HbA1c was 5.26% among patients in the EGRIFTA™ group and 5.28% among those in the placebo group. At Week 26, mean HbAic was higher among patients treated with EGRIFTA™ compared with placebo (5.39% vs. 5.28% for the EGRIFTA™ and placebo groups, respectively, mean treatment difference of 0.12%, p=0.0004). Patients receiving EGRIFTA™ had an increased risk of developing diabetes (HbA1c level ≥ 6.5%) compared with placebo (4.5% vs. 1.3%), with a hazard ratio of 3.3 (CI 1.4, 9.6).

Adverse reactions observed during Week 26 to 52 of the Phase 3 clinical trials which had an incidence of ≥ 1% and were seen more frequently with EGRIFTA™ relative to placebo are presented in Table 2:

Table 2. Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 1% and More Frequent in EGRIFTA™ -treated than Placebo Patients during the 26-Week Extension Phase of the Combined Studies (Week 26 to Week 52 of the studies)

System Organ Class
Preferred Term
Incidence of patients (%) with adverse drug reactions
T-T1 (Week 26-52)
(N=246)
T-P2 (Week 26-52)
(N=135)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Pain in extremity 3.3 0.7
  Myalgia 1.2 0.0
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Injection site pruritus 2.0 0.0
  Edema peripheral 2.0 0.0
  Injection site erythema 1.2 0.0
Nervous system disorders
  Paresthesia 1.6 1.5
  Hypoesthesia 1.6 0.7
  Neuropathy peripheral 1.6 1.5
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Vomiting 2.0 0.7
Psychiatric disorders
  Depression 1.6 0.7
  Insomnia 1.2 0.0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Pruritus 1.2 0.7
  Urticaria 1.2 0.0
  Night sweats 1.2 0.0
Vascular disorders
  Hypertension 1.6 1.5
  Hot flush 1.2 0.7
1 T-T = tesamorelin for Week 0-26 and tesamorelin for Week 26-52
2 T-P = tesamorelin for Week 0-26 and placebo for Week 26-52

For patients who continued from Week 26-52, mean levels of fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, and HbA1c were not different between the T-T and T-P groups.

Immunogenicity

As with all therapeutic proteins and peptides, there is a potential for in vivo development of anti-EGRIFTA™ antibodies. In the combined Phase 3 clinical trials anti-tesamorelin IgG antibodies were detected in 49.5% of patients treated with EGRIFTA™ for 26 weeks and 47.4% of patients who received EGRIFTA™ for 52 weeks. In the subset of patients with hypersensitivity reactions, anti-tesamorelin IgG antibodies were detected in 85.2%. Cross-reactivity to endogenous growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) was observed in approximately 60% of patients who developed anti-tesamorelin antibodies. Patients with and without anti-tesamorelin IgG antibodies had similar mean reductions in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and IGF-1 response suggesting that the presence of antibodies did not alter the efficacy of EGRIFTA™ . In a group of patients who had antibodies to tesamorelin after 26 weeks of treatment (56%) and were re-assessed 6 months later, after stopping EGRIFTA™ treatment, 18% were still antibody positive.

Neutralizing antibodies to tesamorelin and hGHRH were detected in vitro at Week 52 in 10% and 5% of EGRIFTA™ -treated patients, respectively. They did not appear to have an impact on efficacy, as evidenced by comparable changes in VAT and IGF-1 level in patients with or without in vitro neutralizing antibodies.

The observed incidence of antibody positivity in an assay is highly dependent on several factors including assay sensitivity and specificity, methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medication and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to EGRIFTA™ with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.

Read the Egrifta (tesamorelin injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Cytochrome P450-Metabolized Drugs

Co-administration of EGRIFTA™ with simvastatin, a sensitive CYP3A substrate, showed that EGRIFTA™ had no significant impact on the pharmacokinetics profiles of simvastatin in healthy subjects. This result suggests that EGRIFTA™ may not significantly affect CYP3A activity. Other isoenzymes of CYP450 have not been evaluated with EGRIFTA™ . Published data, however, indicate that GH may modulate cytochrome P450 (CYP450) mediated antipyrine clearance in man. These data suggest that GH may alter the clearance of compounds known to be metabolized by CYP450 liver enzymes (e.g., corticosteroids, sex steroids, anticonvulsants, cyclosporine). Because tesamorelin stimulates GH production, careful monitoring is advisable when EGRIFTA™ is administered in combination with other drugs known to be metabolized by CYP450 liver enzymes [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1 (11βHSD-1)

GH is known to inhibit 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD-1), a microsomal enzyme required for conversion of cortisone to its active metabolite, cortisol, in hepatic and adipose tissue. Because tesamorelin stimulates GH production, patients receiving glucocorticoid replacement for previously diagnosed hypoadrenalism may require an increase in maintenance or stress doses following initiation of EGRIFTA™ , particularly in patients treated with cortisone acetate and prednisone because conversion of these drugs to their biologically active metabolites is dependent on the activity of 11βHSD-1.

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Neoplasms

EGRIFTA™ induces the release of endogenous growth hormone (GH), a known growth factor. Thus, patients with active malignancy should not be treated with EGRIFTA™ [see CONTRAINDICATIONS].

For patients with a history of non-malignant neoplasms, EGRIFTA™ therapy should be initiated after careful evaluation of the potential benefit of treatment. For patients with a history of treated and stable malignancies, EGRIFTA™ therapy should be initiated only after careful evaluation of the potential benefit of treatment relative to the risk of re-activation of the underlying malignancy.

In addition, the decision to start treatment with EGRIFTA™ should be considered carefully based on the increased background risk of malignancies in HIV-positive patients.

Elevated IGF-1

EGRIFTA™ stimulates GH production and increases serum IGF-1. Given that IGF-1 is a growth factor and the effect of prolonged elevations in IGF-1 levels on the development or progression of malignancies is unknown, IGF-1 levels should be monitored closely during EGRIFTA™ therapy. Careful consideration should be given to discontinuing EGRIFTA™ in patients with persistent elevations of IGF-1 levels (e.g., > 3 SDS), particularly if the efficacy response is not robust (e.g., based on visceral adipose tissue changes measured by waist circumference or CT scan).

During the clinical trials, patients were monitored every three months. Among patients who received EGRIFTA™ for 26 weeks, 47.4% had IGF-1 levels greater than 2 standard deviation scores (SDS), and 35.6% had SDS > 3, with this effect seen as early as 13 weeks of treatment. Among those patients who remained on EGRIFTA™ for a total of 52 weeks, at the end of treatment 33.7% had IGF-1 SDS > 2 and 22.6% had IGF-1 SDS > 3.

Fluid Retention

Fluid retention may occur during EGRIFTA™ therapy and is thought to be related to the induction of GH secretion. It manifests as increased tissue turgor and musculoskeletal discomfort resulting in a variety of adverse reactions (e.g. edema, arthralgia, carpal tunnel syndrome) which are either transient or resolve with discontinuation of treatment.

Glucose Intolerance

EGRIFTA™ treatment may result in glucose intolerance. During the Phase 3 clinical trials, the percentages of patients with elevated HbA1c ( ≥ 6.5%) from baseline to Week 26 were 4.5% and 1.3% in the EGRIFTA™ and placebo groups, respectively. An increased risk of developing diabetes with EGRIFTA™ (HbA1c level ≥ 6.5%) relative to placebo was observed [intent-to-treat hazard odds ratio of 3.3 (CI 1.4, 9.6)]. Therefore, glucose status should be carefully evaluated prior to initiating EGRIFTA™ treatment. In addition, all patients treated with EGRIFTA™ should be monitored periodically for changes in glucose metabolism to diagnose those who develop impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes. Diabetes is a known cardiovascular risk factor and patients who develop glucose intolerance have an elevated risk for developing diabetes. Caution should be exercised in treating HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy with EGRIFTA™ if they develop glucose intolerance or diabetes, and careful consideration should be given to discontinuing EGRIFTA™ treatment in patients who do not show a clear efficacy response as judged by the degree of reduction in visceral adipose tissue by waist circumference or CT scan measurements.

Since EGRIFTA™ increases IGF-1, patients with diabetes who are receiving ongoing treatment with EGRIFTA™ should be monitored at regular intervals for potential development or worsening of retinopathy.

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Hypersensitivity reactions may occur in patients treated with EGRIFTA™ . Hypersensitivity reactions occurred in 3.6% of patients with HIV-associated lipodystrophy treated with EGRIFTA™ in the Phase 3 clinical trials. These reactions included pruritus, erythema, flushing, urticaria, and other rash. In cases of suspected hypersensitivity reactions, patients should be advised to seek prompt medical attention and treatment with EGRIFTA™ should be discontinued immediately.

Injection Site Reactions

EGRIFTA™ treatment may cause injection site reactions, including injection site erythema, pruritus, pain, irritation, and bruising. The incidence of injection site reactions was 24.5% in EGRIFTA™ -treated patients and 14.4% in placebo-treated patients during the first 26 weeks of treatment in the Phase 3 clinical trials. For patients who continued EGRIFTA™ for an additional 26 weeks, the incidence of injection site reactions was 6.1%. In order to reduce the incidence of injection site reactions, it is recommended to rotate the site of injection to different areas of the abdomen.

Acute Critical Illness

Increased mortality in patients with acute critical illness due to complications following open heart surgery, abdominal surgery or multiple accidental trauma, or those with acute respiratory failure has been reported after treatment with pharmacologic amounts of growth hormone. EGRIFTA™ has not been studied in patients with acute critical illness. Since EGRIFTA™ stimulates growth hormone production, careful consideration should be given to discontinuing EGRIFTA™ in critically ill patients.

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information and Patient Instructions for Use).

  • Fluid retention (5.3) - Advise patients that treatment with EGRIFTA™ may cause symptoms consistent with fluid retention, including edema, arthralgia, and carpal tunnel syndrome. These reactions are either transient or resolve with discontinuation of treatment.
  • Hypersensitivity Reactions (5.5) - Advise patients that hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., rash, urticaria) may occur during treatment with EGRIFTA™ . Advise patients to seek prompt medical attention and to immediately discontinue treatment with EGRIFTA™ .
  • Injection Site Reactions (5.6) - Advise patients of possible injection site reactions, including injection site erythema, pruritus, pain, irritation, and bruising. To reduce the incidence of injection site reactions, advise patients to rotate the site of injection.
  • Counsel patients that they should never share an EGRIFTA™ syringe with another person, even if the needle is changed. Sharing of syringes or needles between patients may pose a risk of transmission of infection.

Pregnancy

Advise women to discontinue EGRIFTA™ if pregnancy occurs, as the drug offers no known benefit to pregnant women and could result in fetal harm [see CONTRAINDICATIONS and Use In Specific Populations].

Nursing Mothers

Because of both the potential for HIV-1 infection transmission and serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, mothers receiving EGRIFTA™ should be instructed not to human milk-feed [see Use In Specific Populations].

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Life-time carcinogeniciry studies in rodents have not been conducted with tesamorelin acetate. No potential mutageniciry of tesamorelin acetate was revealed in a battery of tests including induction of gene mutations in bacteria (the Ames test), gene mutations in mammalian cells grown in vitro (hamster CHOK1 cells), and chromosomal damage in intact animals (bone marrow cells in mice). There was no effect on fertility in male or female rats following administration of tesamorelin acetate at doses up to 0.6 mg/kg (approximately equal to clinical exposure) for 28 days in males or 14 days in females. In the 26-week toxiciry study in rats, females given approximately 16 and 25 times the clinical dose were more likely to be in diestrus.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category X [see CONTRAINDICATIONS].

EGRIFTA™ is contraindicated in pregnant women. During pregnancy, visceral adipose tissue increases due to normal metabolic and hormonal changes. Modifying this physiologic change of pregnancy with EGRIFTA™ offers no known benefit and could result in fetal harm. Tesamorelin acetate administration to rats during organogenesis and lactation resulted in hydrocephaly in offspring at a dose of approximately two and four times the clinical dose, respectively, based on measured drug exposure (AUC). If pregnancy occurs, discontinue EGRIFTA™ therapy. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

Tesamorelin acetate administration to rats during organogenesis and lactation produced hydrocephaly in offspring at a dose of approximately two and four times the clinical dose, respectively, based on measured drug exposure (AUC). Actual animal dose was 1.2 mg/kg. During organogenesis, lower doses approximately 0.1 to 1 times the clinical dose caused delayed skull ossification in rats. Actual animal doses were 0.1 to 0.6 mg/kg. No adverse developmental effects occurred in rabbits using doses up to approximately 500 times the clinical dose.

Nursing Mothers

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that HTV-infected mothers in the United States not human milk-feed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HTV-1 infection. Because of both the potential for HTV-1 infection transmission and serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, mothers receiving EGRIFTA™ should be instructed not to human milk-feed.

It is not known whether EGRIFTA™ is excreted in human milk. Tesamorelin acetate administration to rats during organogenesis and lactation resulted in hydrocephaly in offspring at a dose of approximately two and four times the clinical dose, respectively, based on measured drug exposure (AUC). Actual animal dose was 1.2 mg/kg.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. EGRIFTA™ should not be used in children with open epiphyses, among whom excess GH and IGF-1 may result in linear growth acceleration and excessive growth.

Geriatric Use

There is no information on the use of EGRIFTA™ in patients greater than 65 years of age with HIV and lipodystrophy.

Renal and Hepatic Impairment

Safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of EGRIFTA™ in patients with renal or hepatic impairment have not been established.

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OVERDOSE

No data are available on overdosage.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Disruption of the Hypothalamic-pituitary Axis

EGRIFTA™ is contraindicated in patients with disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis due to hypophysectomy, hypopituitarism, pituitary tumor/surgery, head irradiation or head trauma.

Active Malignancy

EGRIFTA™ is contraindicated in patients with active malignancy (either newly diagnosed or recurrent). Any preexisting malignancy should be inactive and its treatment complete prior to instituting therapy with EGRIFTA™ .

Hypersensitivity

EGRIFTA™ is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to tesamorelin and/or mannitol (an excipient) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Pregnancy

EGRIFTA™ is contraindicated in pregnant women. During pregnancy, visceral adipose tissue increases due to normal metabolic and hormonal changes. Modifying this physiologic change of pregnancy with EGRIFTA™ offers no known benefit and could result in fetal harm. Tesamorelin acetate administration to rats during organogenesis and lactation resulted in hydrocephalus in offspring at a dose approximately two and four times the clinical dose, respectively, based on measured drug exposure (AUC). If pregnancy occurs, discontinue EGRIFTA™ therapy. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus [see Use In Specific Populations].

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

In vitro, tesamorelin binds and stimulates human GRF receptors with similar potency as the endogenous GRF.

Growth Hormone-Releasing Factor (GRF), also known as growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), is a hypothalamic peptide that acts on the pituitary somatotroph cells to stimulate the synthesis and pulsatile release of endogenous growth hormone (GH), which is both anabolic and lipolytic. GH exerts its effects by interacting with specific receptors on a variety of target cells, including chondrocytes, osteoblasts, myocytes, hepatocytes, and adipocytes, resulting in a host of pharmacodynamic effects. Some, but not all these effects, are primarily mediated by IGF-1 produced in the liver and in peripheral tissues.

Pharmacodynamics

Effects on IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels

Tesamorelin stimulates growth hormone secretion, and subsequently increases IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels [see Clinical Studies].

Other Pituitary Hormones

No clinically significant changes in the levels of other pituitary hormones, including thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and prolactin, were observed in subjects receiving EGRIFTA™ in Phase 3 clinical trials.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

The absolute bioavailability of EGRIFTA™ after subcutaneous administration of a 2 mg dose was determined to be less than 4% in healthy adult subjects. Single and multiple dose pharmacokinetics of EGRIFTA™ have been characterized in healthy subjects and HTV-infected patients without lipodystrophy following 2 mg subcutaneous administration.

The mean values [coefficient of variation (CV)] of the extent of absorption (AUC) for tesamorelin were 634.6 (72.4) and 852.8 (91.9) pg.h/mL in healthy subjects and HTV-infected patients, respectively, after a single subcutaneous administration of a 2 mg EGRIFTA™ dose. The mean (CV) peak tesamorelin concentration (Cmax) values were 2874.6 (43.9) pg/mL in healthy subjects and 2822.3 (48.9) pg/mL in HTV-infected patients. The median peak plasma tesamorelin concentration (Tmax)was 0.15 h in both populations.

Distribution

The mean volume of distribution (±SD) of tesamorelin following a single subcutaneous administration was 9.4±3.1 L/kg in healthy subjects and 10.5±6.1 L/kg in HTV-infected patients.

Metabolism

No formal metabolism studies have been performed in humans.

Elimination

Mean elimination half-life (T1/2) of tesamorelin was 26 and 38 minutes in healthy subjects and HTV-infected patients, respectively, after subcutaneous administration for 14 consecutive days.

Drug Interactions

Simvastatin

The effect of multiple dose administration of EGRIFTA™ (2 mg) on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin and simvastatin acid was evaluated in healthy subjects. Co-administration of EGRIFTA™ and simvastatin (a sensitive CYP3A substrate) resulted in 8% decrease in extent of absorption (AUCinf) and 5% increase in rate of absorption (Cmax) of simvastatin. For simvastatin acid there was a 15% decrease in AUCinf and 1% decrease in Cmax [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Ritonavir

The effect of multiple dose administration of EGRIFTA™ (2 mg) on the pharmacokinetics of ritonavir was evaluated in healthy subjects. Co-administration of EGRIFTA™ with ritonavir resulted in 9% decrease in AUCinf and 11% decrease in Cmax of ritonavir [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Specific Populations

Pharmacokinetics of tesamorelin in patients with renal or hepatic impairment, in pediatric patients, or in elderly patients has not been established.

Clinical Studies

Two multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies were conducted in HTV-infected patients with lipodystrophy and excess abdominal fat (abdominal lipohypertrophy). Both studies (Study 1 and 2) consisted of a 26-week Main Phase and a 26-week Extension Phase. Main inclusion criteria were age 18-65 years, a waist circumference ≥ 95 cm (37.4 inches) and a waist-to-hip ratio ≥ 0.94 for men and ≥ 94 cm (37.0 inches) and ≥ 0.88 for women, respectively, and fasting blood glucose (FBG) < 150 mg/dL (8.33 mmol/L). Main exclusion criteria included BMI ≤ 20 kg/m2, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, if previously treated with insulin or with oral hypoglycemic or insulin-sensitizing agents, history of malignancy, and hypopituitarism. Patients were on a stable anti-retroviral regimen for at least 8 weeks prior to randomization. Patients meeting the inclusion/exclusion criteria were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive 2 mg EGRIFTA™ or placebo subcutaneously daily for 26 weeks. The primary efficacy assessment for each of these studies was the percent change from baseline to Week 26 (Main Phase) in visceral adipose tissue (VAT), as assessed by computed tomography (CT) scan at L4-L5 vertebral level. Secondary endpoints included changes from baseline in patient-reported outcomes related to body image, triglycerides, ratio of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol, IGF-1 levels, and safety parameters. Other endpoints included changes from baseline in waist circumference, abdominal subcutaneous tissue (SAT), trunk fat, and lean body mass. In both studies, EGRIFTA™ -treated patients completing the 26-week treatment period were re-randomized to blinded therapy with either daily placebo or 2 mg EGRIFTA™ for an additional 26-week treatment period (Extension Phase) in order to assess maintenance of VAT reduction and to gather long-term safety data. For inclusion in the Extension Phase studies, subjects must have completed the Main Phase with FBG ≤ 150 mg/dL.

Main Phase (Baseline to Week 26): Study 1

This study randomized 412 HlV-infected patients with lipodystrophy and excess abdominal fat to receive either EGRIFTA™ (N=273) or placebo (N=137). At baseline for the two groups combined, mean age was 48 years; 86% were male; 75% were white, 14% were Black/African American, and 8% were Hispanic; mean weight was 90 kg; mean BMI was 29 kg/m2; mean waist circumference was 104 cm; mean hip circumference was 100 cm; mean VAT was 176 cm2; mean CD4 cell count was 606 cells/mm3; 69% had undetectable viral load ( < 50 copies/mL); and 33.7% randomized to EGRIFTA™ and 36.6% randomized to placebo had impaired glucose tolerance, while 5.6% randomized to EGRIFTA™ and 6.7 % randomized to placebo had diet-controlled diabetes mellitus. The twenty-six week completion rate in Study 1 was 80%.

Study 2

This study randomized 404 HlV-infected patients with lipodystrophy and excess abdominal fat to receive either EGRIFTA™ (N=270) or placebo (N=126). At baseline for the two groups combined, mean age was 48 years; 84% were male; 77% were white, 12% were Black/African American, and 9% were Hispanic; mean weight was 88 kg; mean BMI was 29 kg/m2; mean waist circumference was 105 cm; mean hip circumference was 100 cm; mean VAT was 189 cm2; mean CD4 cell count was 592 cells/mm3; 83% had undetectable viral load ( < 50 copies/mL); and 44.1 % randomized to EGRIFTA™ and 39.7% randomized to placebo had impaired glucose tolerance, while 9.3% randomized to EGRIFTA™ and 9.5 % randomized to placebo had diet-controlled diabetes mellitus. The twenty-six week completion rate in Study 2 was 74%.

Results for the Main Phases of Studies 1 and 2 are presented in Tables 3 and 4.

Table 3: Changes from Baseline to Week 26 in Visceral Adipose Tissue (cm2) by Treatment Group (Intent-To-Treat Population with Last Observation Carried Forward)

MAIN PHASE (Baseline-Week 26)
  Study 1 Study 2
EGRIFTA™
(N=273)
Placebo
(N=137)
EGRIFTA™
(N=270)
Placebo
(N=126)
Baseline (cm2) 178 (77) 171 (77) 186(87) 195 (95)
Change (cm2) -27 4 -21 -0
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) -31 (-39,-24) -21 (-29.-12)
Mean change (%)1 -18 2 -14 -2
Mean treatment difference (95% CI)1 -20 (-24, -15) -12 (-16, -7)
Baseline data are expressed as mean (SD); Change refers to least-squares means (LSM); CI: confidence interval.
1 Results derived from the statistical model: Ln(VAT Week 26/VAT Baseline) = Ln(VAT Baseline) + treatment group

Table 4: Changes from Baseline to Week 26 in IGF-1, IGFBP-3, Weight, and Waist Circumference by Treatment Group (Intent-To-Treat Population with Last Observation Carried Forward)

MAIN PHASE (Baseline-Week 26)
    Study 1 Study 2
EGRIFTA™
(N=273)
Placebo
(N=137)
EGRIFTA™
(N=270)
Placebo
(N=126)
IGF-1 (ng/mL) Baseline 161 (59) 168 (75) 146 (66) 149 (59)
Change 107 -15 108 3
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) 122 (101,141) 105 (85, 126)
IGFBP-3 (mg/L) Baseline 3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1)
Change 0.4 -0.2 0.8 -0.0
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) 0.6 (0.5, 0.8) 0.8(0.5,1.0)
Weight (kg) Baseline 90 (14) 90 (14) 89 (14) 87 (16)
Change -0.4 0.0 0.5 0.3
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) -0.4 (-1.3, 0.5) 0.2 (-0.7, 1.3)
Waist circumference (cm) Baseline 104 (10) 105 (9) 105 (9) 105 (9)
Change -3 (5) -1 (4) -2 (5) -1 (5)
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) -2 (-2.8, -0.9) -1 (-2.5, -0.3)
Baseline data are expressed as mean (SD); Change refers to least-squares means (LSM); CI: confidence interval.

A subgroup analysis by gender showed that there were no statistical differences in the percent change from baseline in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and IGF-1 responses, respectively, between males and females.

At Week 26, treatment with EGRIFTA™ resulted in a reduction from baseline in mean trunk fat of 1.0 kg in Study 1 and 0.8 kg in Study 2, respectively (compared with an increase of 0.4 kg in Study 1 and of 0.2 kg in Study 2, respectively, in patients receiving placebo). Treatment with EGRIFTA™ resulted in an increase from baseline in mean lean body mass of 1.3 kg in Study 1 and of 1.2 kg in Study 2, respectively (compared with a decrease of 0.2 kg in Study 1 and of 0.03 kg in Study 2, respectively, in patients receiving placebo).

On average, there were no adverse effects of EGRIFTA™ on lipids or subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). EGRIFTA™ did not adversely alter antiretroviral effectiveness, such as mean circulating levels of CD4 counts or HIV-1 RNA (viral load).

Patient Reported Outcomes

Patients rated the degree of distress associated with their belly appearance on a 9-point rating scale that was then transformed to a score from 0 (extremely upsetting and distressing) to 100 (extremely encouraging). A score of 50 indicated neutral (no feeling either way). A positive change from baseline score indicated improvement, i.e., less distress.

The cumulative distribution of response (change from baseline to 26 weeks) is shown in Figure 1 for both treatment groups. A curve shifted to the right on this scale indicates a greater percentage of patients reporting improvement.

Figure 1. Cumulative Distribution of Response for Belly Appearance Distress

Cumulative Distribution of Response for Belly Appearance Distress - Illustration

Extension Phase (Weeks 26-52):

In the double-blind Extension Phase, patients on EGRIFTA™ completing the 26-week Main Phase were re-randomized to receive 2 mg EGRIFTA™ or placebo.

Study 1

This study re-randomized 207 HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy who completed EGRIFTA™ treatment in the Main Phase to receive either EGRIFTA™ (N=154) or placebo (N=50) for an additional 26-week duration (3:1 randomization ratio). At baseline (Week 26) for the two groups combined, mean age was 48 years; 88% were male; 78% were white, 12% were Black/African American, and 8% were Hispanic; mean weight was 90 kg; mean BMI was 29 kg/m2; mean waist circumference was 102 cm; mean hip circumference was 100 cm; mean VAT was 145 cm2; mean CD4 cell count was 639 cells/mm3; 68% had undetectable viral load ( < 50 copies/mL); and for those EGRIFTA™ -treated patients completing the 26-week treatment period that were re-randomized to EGRIFTA™ (T-T group) or re-randomized to placebo, 36.6 % and 32.0 %, respectively, had impaired glucose tolerance, while 2.0 % re-randomized to EGRIFTA™ and 6.0 % re-randomized to placebo had diet-controlled diabetes mellitus. The completion rate for patients randomized into the extension phase of Study 1 was 83%.

Study 2

This study re-randomized 177 HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy who completed EGRIFTA™ treatment in the Main Phase to receive either EGRIFTA™ (N=92) or placebo (N=85) for an additional 26-week duration (1:1 randomization ratio). At baseline (Week 26) for the two groups combined, mean age was 48 years; 90% were male; 84% were white, 9% were Black/African American, and 7% were Hispanic; mean weight was 89 kg; mean BMI was 28 kg/m2; mean waist circumference was 105 cm; mean hip circumference was 100 cm; mean VAT was 172 cm2; mean CD4 cell count was 579 cells/mm3; 82% had undetectable viral load ( < 50 copies/mL); and for those EGRIFTA™ -treated patients completing the 26-week treatment period that were re-randomized to EGRIFTA™ (T-T group) or re-randomized to placebo, 48.9 % and 50.6 %, respectively, had impaired glucose tolerance, while 4.3 % re-randomized to EGRIFTA™ and 12.9 % re-randomized to placebo had diet-controlled diabetes mellitus. The completion rate for patients randomized into the extension phase of Study 2 was 81%.

Results for the Extension Phases of Studies 1 and 2 are presented in Tables 5 and 6.

Table 5: Changes from Week 26 Baseline to Week 52 in Visceral Adipose Tissue (cm2) by Treatment Group (Intent-To-Treat Population with Last Observation Carried Forward)

EXTENSION PHASE (Week 26-52)
  Study 1 Study 2
T-T1
(Week 26-52)
(N=154)
T-P2
(Week 26-52)
(N=50)
T-T1
(Week 26-52)
(N=92)
T-P2
(Week 26-52)
(N=85)
Week 26 (cm2) 145 (72) 144 (72) 166 (89) 177 (88)
Change (cm2) 3 25 -11 24
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) -22 (-34, -10) -35 (-48, -22)
Mean change (%)1 0 22 -5 16
Mean treatment difference (95% CI)3 -17 (-24, -10) -18 (-24, -11)
Week 26 baseline data are expressed as mean (SD). Change refers to least-squares means (LSM); CI: confidence interval.
1T-T = tesamorelin for Weeks 0-26 and tesamorelin for Weeks 26-52
2T-P = tesamorelin for Weeks 0-26 and placebo for Weeks 26-52
3Results derived from the statistical model: Ln(VAT Week 52/Week 26) = Ln(Week 26 VAT) + treatment group

Figure 2. shows the percent change in VAT from baseline (Week 0) over time until 52 weeks in completer patients.

Figure 2. Percent Change from Baseline in VAT over Time

Percent Change from Baseline in VAT over Time - Illustration

Data in Figure 2 are expressed as mean values. T-T (tesamorelin to tesamorelin) refers to the group of patients who received tesamorelin for Weeks 0-26 and were re-randomized to tesamorelin for Weeks 26-52. T-P (tesamorelin to placebo) refers to the group of patients who received tesamorelin for Weeks 0-26 and were re-randomized to placebo for Weeks 26-52. P-T (placebo to tesamorelin) refers to the group of patients who received placebo for Weeks 0-26 and were switched to tesamorelin (treated open label) for Weeks 26-52.

Table 6: Changes from Week 26 Baseline to Week 52 in IGF-1, IGFBP-3, Weight, and Waist Circumference by Treatment Group (Intent-To-Treat Population with Last Observation Carried Forward)

EXTENSION PHASE (Weeks 26-52)
    Study 1 Study 2
T-T1
(Week 26-52)
(N=154)
T-P2
(Week 26-52)
(N=50)
T-T1
(Week 26-52)
(N=92)
T-P2
(Week 26-52)
(N=85)
IGF-1
(ng/mL)
Week 26 291 (124) 281 (105) 280 (134) 269 (110)
Change -59 -137 -25 -135
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) 78 (50, 106) 110(87,134)
IGFBP-3
(mg/L)
Week 26 3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1)
Change -0.2 -0.5 -0.3 -0.9
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) 0.3 (-0.0, 0.6) 0.6 (0.3, 0.9)
Weight (kg) Week 26 89 (14) 92 (17) 89 (13) 90 (14)
Change 0.2 0.6 -0.5 0.1
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) -0.4 (-2,1) -0.6 (-2,1)
Waist circumference (cm) Week 26 101 (10) 102 (12) 101 (9) 103(11)
Change -0.2 2.4 -1.1 0.2
Mean treatment difference (95% CI) -2.6 (-4,-!) -1.3 (-2, 0)
Week 26 baseline data are expressed as mean (SD); Change refers to least-square means (LSM); CI: confidence interval.
1 T-T = tesamorelin for Week 0-26 and tesamorelin for Week 26-52
2 T-P = tesamorelin for Week 0-26 and placebo for Week 26-52

Patients treated with EGRIFTA™ for 52 weeks (T-T group) showed no change between Weeks 26 and 52 in mean trunk fat (increase of 0.1 kg in Study 1 and decrease of 0.5 kg in Study 2, respectively, compared with an increase of 1.4 kg in patients in the T-P group in Study 1 and an increase of 1.09 kg in Study 2, respectively) nor was there a change from Week 26 baseline in mean lean body mass (decrease of 0.1 kg in Study 1 and increase of 0.1 kg in Study 2, respectively, compared with a decrease of 1.8 kg in patients in the T-P group in Study 1 and a decrease of 1.7 kg in Study 2, respectively).

There was no adverse effect of EGRIFTA™ on lipids or subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). EGRIFTA™ did not adversely alter antiretroviral effectiveness, such as mean circulating levels of CD4 counts or HIV-1 RNA (viral load).

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

PATIENT INFORMATION

EGRIFTA
(eh-GRIF-tuh)
(tesamorelin for injection) for subcutaneous use

Read the Patient Information that comes with EGRIFTA™ before you start to take it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is EGRIFTA™?

  • EGRIFTA™ is an injectable prescription medicine to reduce the excess in abdominal fat in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy. EGRIFTA™ contains a growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF).
  • The impact and safety of EGRIFTA™ on cardiovascular health has not been studied.
  • EGRIFTA™ is not indicated for weight loss management.
  • It is not known whether taking EGRIFTA™ helps improve compliance with anti-retroviral medications.
  • It is not known if EGRIFTA™ is safe and effective in children. EGRIFTA™ is not recommended to be used in children.

Who should not use EGRIFTA™?

Do not use EGRIFTA™ if you:

  • have pituitary gland tumor, pituitary gland surgery or other problems related to your pituitary gland
  • have active cancer (either newly diagnosed or recurrent) or are receiving treatment for cancer
  • are allergic to tesamorelin or any of the ingredients in EGRIFTA™ . See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in EGRIFTA™
  • are pregnant or become pregnant. If you become pregnant, stop using EGRIFTA™ and talk with your healthcare provider. See "What should I tell my healthcare provider before using EGRIFTA™ ?".

What should I tell my healthcare provider before using EGRIFTA™?

Before using EGRIFTA™ , tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • have or have had cancer
  • have diabetes
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if EGRIFTA™ passes into your breast milk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that HIV-infected mothers not breastfeed to avoid the risk of passing HIV infection to your baby. Talk with your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you are taking EGRIFTA™
  • have kidney or liver problems
  • have any other medical condition.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. EGRIFTA™ may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how EGRIFTA™ works.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list with you to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I use EGRIFTA™ ?

  • Read the detailed "Instructions for Use" that comes with EGRIFTA™ before you start using EGRIFTA™ . Your healthcare provider will show you how to inject EGRIFTA™ .
  • Use EGRIFTA™ exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
  • Inject EGRIFTA™ under the skin (subcutaneously) of your stomach area (abdomen).
  • Change (rotate) the injection site on your stomach area (abdomen) with each dose. Do not inject EGRIFTA™ into scar tissue, bruises or your navel.
  • Do not share needles or syringes with other people. Sharing of needles can result in the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV.

What are the possible side effects of EGRIFTA™?

EGRIFTA™ may cause serious side effects including:

  • Serious allergic reaction. Some people taking EGRIFTA™ may have an allergic reaction.

Stop using EGRIFTA™ and get emergency help right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • a rash over your body
  • hives
  • swelling of your face or throat
  • shortness of breath or trouble breathing
  • fast heartbeat
  • feeling of faintness or fainting

  • Swelling (fluid retention). EGRIFTA™ can cause swelling in some parts of your body. Call your healthcare provider if you have an increase in joint pain, or pain or numbness in your hands or wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome).
  • Increase in glucose (blood sugar) intolerance and diabetes. Your healthcare provider will measure your blood sugar periodically.
  • Injection site reactions. Change (rotate) your injection site to help lower your risk for injection site reactions. Call your healthcare provider for medical advice if you have the following symptoms around the area of the injection site:

  • redness
  • itching
  • pain
  • irritation
  • bleeding
  • rash
  • swelling

The most common side effects of EGRIFTA™ include:

  • joint pain
  • pain in legs and arms
  • swelling in your legs
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • muscle soreness
  • tingling, numbness and pricking
  • rash
  • itching

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of EGRIFTA™ . For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects, contact EMD Serono toll-free at 1-800-283-8088 ext. 5563. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How do I store EGRIFTA™?

  • EGRIFTA™ has two boxes
    • Store the Medication Box of EGRIFTA™ vials in the refrigerator between 2°C and 8°C (36°F and 46°F).
    • Store the box of Sterile Water for Injection, syringes and needles at room temperature between 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F).
  • Keep EGRIFTA™ vials in Medication Box away from light.
  • Do not freeze.
  • Do not use EGRIFTA™ after the expiration date printed on the carton and vial labels.
  • After mixing, use EGRIFTA™ right away and throw away any unused EGRIFTA™ . Do not store mixed EGRIFTA™ . Also, throw away the used bottle of Sterile Water for Injection.

Keep EGRIFTA™ and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of EGRIFTA™

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use EGRIFTA™ for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give EGRIFTA™ to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

Do not share your EGRIFTA™ syringe with another person, even if the needle is changed. Do not share your EGRIFTA™ needles with another person.

This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about EGRIFTA™. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider.

You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about EGRIFTA™ that is written for healthcare professionals.

For more information about EGRIFTA™, go to www.EGRIFTA.com or contact AXIS Center toll-free at 1-877-714-2947.

What are the ingredients in EGRIFTA™?

Active ingredient: tesamorelin

Inactive ingredients: mannitol and Sterile Water for Injection

Patient Instructions for Use

EGRIFTA™
(eh-GRIF-tuh)
(tesamorelin for injection) for subcutaneous use

Be sure that you read, understand, and follow these Patient Instructions for Use before using EGRIFTA™. Your healthcare provider should show you how to mix and inject EGRIFTA™ before you inject it for the first time. Ask your healthcare provider if you have any questions.

Keep this leaflet in case you need to look at it again later.

Important information for use of EGRIFTA™

  • After mixing EGRIFTA™ with Sterile Water for Injection, it should look clear and colorless, with no particles in it. Do not use EGRIFTA™ if it looks cloudy, discolored, or if you see particles in it. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have any questions.
  • Do not use EGRIFTA™ after the date on the Medication Box and EGRIFTA™ vial.
  • Do not use a syringe or needle more than 1 time.
  • Do not share your EGRIFTA™ needles with another person. Sharing of needles can result in the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV. Do not share your EGRIFTA™ syringe with another person, even if the needle is changed.
  • If you are missing any supplies from your Medication Box or Injection Box, or if anything looks damaged call your pharmacist or contact AXIS Center toll-free at 1-877-714-2947 right away.

Preparing for your EGRIFTA™ injection

Step 1: Find a well-lit, clean, and flat surface, such as a table.

Step 2: Gather your supplies:

  • Medication Box that contains 30 EGRIFTA™ powder vials
  • Injection Box that contains the following:
    1. 30 10-mL bottles of Sterile Water for Injection, used for mixing
    2. 30 sterile 3-mL syringes with sterile needle already attached (BD 3 mL Syringe)
    3. 30 individual Vz" 27-gauge injection needles (BD Eclipse™ Injection Needle)
  • Other Supplies Needed
    • Alcohol pads
    • Sterile gauze
    • A "sharps container" or a puncture resistant container for throwing away needles after you are done with them. The container should be made from hard plastic or metal. Make sure it has a lid. You can also put used syringes or empty vials of medicine in the container.

Material included in Injection Box (a, b, c) and Medication Box (d):

Figure A

Material included - Illustration

Step 3: Take out the following from your Injection Box:

  • A Sterile Water for Injection bottle (Figure A, a)
  • A syringe with needle already attached (Figure A, b)
  • A ½" 27-gauge injection needle with pink needle shield (Figure A, c)

Step 4: Take one EGRIFTA™ vial (Figure A, d) from the Medication Box. Put the box with the remaining vials back in the refrigerator right away.

Step 5: Prepare to use your supplies:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water. Dry your hands with a clean towel.
  • Take off the plastic caps from the vials of EGRIFTA™ and Sterile Water bottle.
  • Clean the rubber stopper on top of the vial of EGRIFTA™ and Sterile Water bottle with an alcohol swab.

How to mix EGRIFTA

Step 1: Pick up the syringe with needle attached (Figure A, b), remove the protective cap and insert the needle through the rubber stopper of the bottle of Sterile Water (Figure A, a; see Figure B for illustration). Turn both upside down, and pull back the plunger until the liquid reaches the 2.1 mL mark on the syringe. (See Figure C)

Figure B

Insert the needle through the rubber stopper - Illustration

Figure C

Pull back the plunger until the liquid reaches the 2.1 mL mark - Illustration

Step 2: Take the syringe with needle attached out of the Sterile Water bottle and insert the needle into the EGRIFTA™ vial. Push the plunger in slowly on a slight angle so water goes down the inside wall of the EGRIFTA™ vial instead of directly onto the powder to avoid foaming. (See Figure D)

Figure D

Insert the needle into the EGRIFTA™ vial - Illustration

Step 3: While keeping the syringe with needle attached in the vial and the vial upright, roll the vial gently in your hands for 30 seconds, until the Sterile Water and EGRIFTA™ powder are mixed well. Do not shake the vial. (See Figure E)

Figure E

Roll the vial gently -  Illustration

Step 4: Still keeping the syringe with needle attached in the vial, turn both until the syringe is straight up. Pull down on the syringe until you see just the tip of the needle going through the rubber stopper, then pull back on the plunger until all the liquid inside the vial goes into the syringe. The level of medicine in the syringe should be around the 2.1 mL syringe mark. (See Figure F)

Figure F

Level of medicine in the syringe - Illustration

Step 5: Take the needle out of the vial. (See Figure G)

Figure G

Take the needle out of the vial - Illustration

Step 6: Place the needle cap on its side against a clean flat surface. Without touching the needle, hold the syringe and slide the needle carefully into the protective cap. (See Figure H) Push the cap all the way or until it snaps shut (See Figure I). Do not touch the cap until it covers the needle completely.

Figure H

Slide the needle carefully into the protective cap - Illustration

Figure I

Push the cap all the way - Illustration

Step 7: With the cap on the needle, remove the needle by holding the syringe firmly and twisting the cap counterclockwise (to the left). (See Figure J)

Figure J

Removing the needle - Illustration

Step 8: Place the injection needle (Figure A, c), with its white protective cap in place, onto the syringe. Hold the syringe firmly and twist the cap clockwise (to the right) until it closes securely. (See Figure K)

Figure K

Placing the needle - Illustration

Where do I inject EGRIFTA™?

You should inject EGRIFTA™ into the skin on your stomach (abdomen). (See Figure L)

  • Pick an injection site that is around your belly button to the left or right.
  • Stay away from any area with scar tissue, bruises, reddening, infection, or irritation.
  • Avoid areas with any hard bumps from previous injections.
  • Change your injection site from one day to the next. This may help prevent bruising or irritation. You may want to keep a note of the date and location of each daily injection to help you remember.

Figure L

Pick an injection site - Illustration

How to inject EGRIFTA™

  • Pick up the syringe and pull the cap straight off the injection needle. Do not twist it. (See Figure M)

Figure M

Pull the cap straight off - Illustration

  • Tap the syringe gently with your finger to force any air bubbles to rise to the top. Press the plunger to push bubbles out. (See Figure N)

Figure N

Force any air bubbles to rise to the top - Illustration

  • Clean the injection site you have selected with an alcohol swab and let it dry. Hold the syringe in one hand. Use your other hand to hold a cleaned fold of skin for your injection. Hold the skin between your thumb and fingers. (See Figure O)

Figure O

Hold the skin between your thumb and fingers - Illustration

  • Hold the syringe at a right angle to the skin, like a dart. Push the injection needle into the skin with a quick motion. Most of the needle should go beneath the skin surface. (See Figure P)

Figure P

Most of the needle should go beneath the skin surface - Illustration

  • Remove your hand from the pinched area of skin after the needle goes in. Make sure the needle stays in the skin. (See Figure Q)

Figure Q

Make sure the needle stays in the skin - Illustration

  • Slowly push the plunger all the way down until all of the medicine in the syringe has been injected under the skin.
  • Pull the injection needle out of your skin when the syringe is empty:
  • Be careful to pull it out at the same angle you put it in
  • Flip back the pink needle shield until it snaps, covering the injection needle completely. Keep pressing until you hear a click, that means the injection needle is protected. (See Figure R)

 

Figure R

 

  • Use a piece of sterile gauze to rub the injection site clean. If there is bleeding, apply pressure to the injection site with gauze for 30 seconds. If bleeding continues, apply a bandage to the site.

How should I dispose of the used syringes, needles, bottles and vials?

  • If you accidentally prick another person with a used needle, that person should be informed to contact a healthcare provider right away about the accident.
  • Never reuse or recycle needles or syringes.
  • Never throw used needles, syringes, or the sharps container into the trash.
  • Throw away used syringes, needles, EGRIFTA™ vials and Sterile Water for Injection bottle in a puncture-proof container, sharps container, or a hard container like a coffee can.
  • Speak to your pharmacist or other healthcare provider about the proper disposal of the sharps container and all other used materials. There may be local or state laws about how to throw away used needles and syringes.
  • Keep the sharps container away from children and pets.

If you have any questions, call your healthcare provider. You can call AXIS Center toll-free at 1-877-714-2947 or visit the EGRIFTA™ Web site at: www.EGRIFTA™ .com for more information.

How do I store EGRIFTA™?

EGRIFTA™ has two boxes:

  • Store the Medication Box of EGRIFTA™ vials in the refrigerator between 2°C and 8°C (36°F and 46°F).
  • Store the Injection Box of Sterile Water for Injection, syringes and needles at room temperature between 20ºC to 25ºC (68°F to 77°F).
  • Keep EGRIFTA™ vials away from light.
  • Do not freeze.
  • After mixing, use EGRIFTA™ right away and throw away any unused EGRIFTA™. Do not store mixed EGRIFTA™. Also, throw away the used bottle of Sterile Water for Injection.
  • Do not use EGRIFTA™ after the expiration date printed on the Medication Box and vial labels.

Keep EGRIFTA™ and all medicines out of the reach of children.

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

>

PATIENT INFORMATION

EGRIFTA
(eh-GRIF-tuh)
(tesamorelin for injection) for subcutaneous use

Read the Patient Information that comes with EGRIFTA™ before you start to take it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is EGRIFTA™?

  • EGRIFTA™ is an injectable prescription medicine to reduce the excess in abdominal fat in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy. EGRIFTA™ contains a growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF).
  • The impact and safety of EGRIFTA™ on cardiovascular health has not been studied.
  • EGRIFTA™ is not indicated for weight loss management.
  • It is not known whether taking EGRIFTA™ helps improve compliance with anti-retroviral medications.
  • It is not known if EGRIFTA™ is safe and effective in children. EGRIFTA™ is not recommended to be used in children.

Who should not use EGRIFTA™?

Do not use EGRIFTA™ if you:

  • have pituitary gland tumor, pituitary gland surgery or other problems related to your pituitary gland
  • have active cancer (either newly diagnosed or recurrent) or are receiving treatment for cancer
  • are allergic to tesamorelin or any of the ingredients in EGRIFTA™ . See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in EGRIFTA™
  • are pregnant or become pregnant. If you become pregnant, stop using EGRIFTA™ and talk with your healthcare provider. See "What should I tell my healthcare provider before using EGRIFTA™ ?".

What should I tell my healthcare provider before using EGRIFTA™?

Before using EGRIFTA™ , tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • have or have had cancer
  • have diabetes
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if EGRIFTA™ passes into your breast milk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that HIV-infected mothers not breastfeed to avoid the risk of passing HIV infection to your baby. Talk with your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you are taking EGRIFTA™
  • have kidney or liver problems
  • have any other medical condition.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. EGRIFTA™ may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how EGRIFTA™ works.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list with you to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I use EGRIFTA™ ?

  • Read the detailed "Instructions for Use" that comes with EGRIFTA™ before you start using EGRIFTA™ . Your healthcare provider will show you how to inject EGRIFTA™ .
  • Use EGRIFTA™ exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
  • Inject EGRIFTA™ under the skin (subcutaneously) of your stomach area (abdomen).
  • Change (rotate) the injection site on your stomach area (abdomen) with each dose. Do not inject EGRIFTA™ into scar tissue, bruises or your navel.
  • Do not share needles or syringes with other people. Sharing of needles can result in the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV.

What are the possible side effects of EGRIFTA™?

EGRIFTA™ may cause serious side effects including:

  • Serious allergic reaction. Some people taking EGRIFTA™ may have an allergic reaction.

Stop using EGRIFTA™ and get emergency help right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • a rash over your body
  • hives
  • swelling of your face or throat
  • shortness of breath or trouble breathing
  • fast heartbeat
  • feeling of faintness or fainting

  • Swelling (fluid retention). EGRIFTA™ can cause swelling in some parts of your body. Call your healthcare provider if you have an increase in joint pain, or pain or numbness in your hands or wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome).
  • Increase in glucose (blood sugar) intolerance and diabetes. Your healthcare provider will measure your blood sugar periodically.
  • Injection site reactions. Change (rotate) your injection site to help lower your risk for injection site reactions. Call your healthcare provider for medical advice if you have the following symptoms around the area of the injection site:

  • redness
  • itching
  • pain
  • irritation
  • bleeding
  • rash
  • swelling

The most common side effects of EGRIFTA™ include:

  • joint pain
  • pain in legs and arms
  • swelling in your legs
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • muscle soreness
  • tingling, numbness and pricking
  • rash
  • itching

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of EGRIFTA™ . For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects, contact EMD Serono toll-free at 1-800-283-8088 ext. 5563. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How do I store EGRIFTA™?

  • EGRIFTA™ has two boxes
    • Store the Medication Box of EGRIFTA™ vials in the refrigerator between 2°C and 8°C (36°F and 46°F).
    • Store the box of Sterile Water for Injection, syringes and needles at room temperature between 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F).
  • Keep EGRIFTA™ vials in Medication Box away from light.
  • Do not freeze.
  • Do not use EGRIFTA™ after the expiration date printed on the carton and vial labels.
  • After mixing, use EGRIFTA™ right away and throw away any unused EGRIFTA™ . Do not store mixed EGRIFTA™ . Also, throw away the used bottle of Sterile Water for Injection.

Keep EGRIFTA™ and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of EGRIFTA™

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use EGRIFTA™ for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give EGRIFTA™ to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

Do not share your EGRIFTA™ syringe with another person, even if the needle is changed. Do not share your EGRIFTA™ needles with another person.

This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about EGRIFTA™. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider.

You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about EGRIFTA™ that is written for healthcare professionals.

For more information about EGRIFTA™, go to www.EGRIFTA.com or contact AXIS Center toll-free at 1-877-714-2947.

What are the ingredients in EGRIFTA™?

Active ingredient: tesamorelin

Inactive ingredients: mannitol and Sterile Water for Injection

Patient Instructions for Use

EGRIFTA™
(eh-GRIF-tuh)
(tesamorelin for injection) for subcutaneous use

Be sure that you read, understand, and follow these Patient Instructions for Use before using EGRIFTA™. Your healthcare provider should show you how to mix and inject EGRIFTA™ before you inject it for the first time. Ask your healthcare provider if you have any questions.

Keep this leaflet in case you need to look at it again later.

Important information for use of EGRIFTA™

  • After mixing EGRIFTA™ with Sterile Water for Injection, it should look clear and colorless, with no particles in it. Do not use EGRIFTA™ if it looks cloudy, discolored, or if you see particles in it. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have any questions.
  • Do not use EGRIFTA™ after the date on the Medication Box and EGRIFTA™ vial.
  • Do not use a syringe or needle more than 1 time.
  • Do not share your EGRIFTA™ needles with another person. Sharing of needles can result in the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV. Do not share your EGRIFTA™ syringe with another person, even if the needle is changed.
  • If you are missing any supplies from your Medication Box or Injection Box, or if anything looks damaged call your pharmacist or contact AXIS Center toll-free at 1-877-714-2947 right away.

Preparing for your EGRIFTA™ injection

Step 1: Find a well-lit, clean, and flat surface, such as a table.

Step 2: Gather your supplies:

  • Medication Box that contains 30 EGRIFTA™ powder vials
  • Injection Box that contains the following:
    1. 30 10-mL bottles of Sterile Water for Injection, used for mixing
    2. 30 sterile 3-mL syringes with sterile needle already attached (BD 3 mL Syringe)
    3. 30 individual Vz" 27-gauge injection needles (BD Eclipse™ Injection Needle)
  • Other Supplies Needed
    • Alcohol pads
    • Sterile gauze
    • A "sharps container" or a puncture resistant container for throwing away needles after you are done with them. The container should be made from hard plastic or metal. Make sure it has a lid. You can also put used syringes or empty vials of medicine in the container.

Material included in Injection Box (a, b, c) and Medication Box (d):

Figure A

Material included - Illustration

Step 3: Take out the following from your Injection Box:

  • A Sterile Water for Injection bottle (Figure A, a)
  • A syringe with needle already attached (Figure A, b)
  • A ½" 27-gauge injection needle with pink needle shield (Figure A, c)

Step 4: Take one EGRIFTA™ vial (Figure A, d) from the Medication Box. Put the box with the remaining vials back in the refrigerator right away.

Step 5: Prepare to use your supplies:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water. Dry your hands with a clean towel.
  • Take off the plastic caps from the vials of EGRIFTA™ and Sterile Water bottle.
  • Clean the rubber stopper on top of the vial of EGRIFTA™ and Sterile Water bottle with an alcohol swab.

How to mix EGRIFTA

Step 1: Pick up the syringe with needle attached (Figure A, b), remove the protective cap and insert the needle through the rubber stopper of the bottle of Sterile Water (Figure A, a; see Figure B for illustration). Turn both upside down, and pull back the plunger until the liquid reaches the 2.1 mL mark on the syringe. (See Figure C)

Figure B

Insert the needle through the rubber stopper - Illustration

Figure C

Pull back the plunger until the liquid reaches the 2.1 mL mark - Illustration

Step 2: Take the syringe with needle attached out of the Sterile Water bottle and insert the needle into the EGRIFTA™ vial. Push the plunger in slowly on a slight angle so water goes down the inside wall of the EGRIFTA™ vial instead of directly onto the powder to avoid foaming. (See Figure D)

Figure D

Insert the needle into the EGRIFTA™ vial - Illustration

Step 3: While keeping the syringe with needle attached in the vial and the vial upright, roll the vial gently in your hands for 30 seconds, until the Sterile Water and EGRIFTA™ powder are mixed well. Do not shake the vial. (See Figure E)

Figure E

Roll the vial gently -  Illustration

Step 4: Still keeping the syringe with needle attached in the vial, turn both until the syringe is straight up. Pull down on the syringe until you see just the tip of the needle going through the rubber stopper, then pull back on the plunger until all the liquid inside the vial goes into the syringe. The level of medicine in the syringe should be around the 2.1 mL syringe mark. (See Figure F)

Figure F

Level of medicine in the syringe - Illustration

Step 5: Take the needle out of the vial. (See Figure G)

Figure G

Take the needle out of the vial - Illustration

Step 6: Place the needle cap on its side against a clean flat surface. Without touching the needle, hold the syringe and slide the needle carefully into the protective cap. (See Figure H) Push the cap all the way or until it snaps shut (See Figure I). Do not touch the cap until it covers the needle completely.

Figure H

Slide the needle carefully into the protective cap - Illustration

Figure I

Push the cap all the way - Illustration

Step 7: With the cap on the needle, remove the needle by holding the syringe firmly and twisting the cap counterclockwise (to the left). (See Figure J)

Figure J

Removing the needle - Illustration

Step 8: Place the injection needle (Figure A, c), with its white protective cap in place, onto the syringe. Hold the syringe firmly and twist the cap clockwise (to the right) until it closes securely. (See Figure K)

Figure K

Placing the needle - Illustration

Where do I inject EGRIFTA™?

You should inject EGRIFTA™ into the skin on your stomach (abdomen). (See Figure L)

  • Pick an injection site that is around your belly button to the left or right.
  • Stay away from any area with scar tissue, bruises, reddening, infection, or irritation.
  • Avoid areas with any hard bumps from previous injections.
  • Change your injection site from one day to the next. This may help prevent bruising or irritation. You may want to keep a note of the date and location of each daily injection to help you remember.

Figure L

Pick an injection site - Illustration

How to inject EGRIFTA™

  • Pick up the syringe and pull the cap straight off the injection needle. Do not twist it. (See Figure M)

Figure M

Pull the cap straight off - Illustration

  • Tap the syringe gently with your finger to force any air bubbles to rise to the top. Press the plunger to push bubbles out. (See Figure N)

Figure N

Force any air bubbles to rise to the top - Illustration

  • Clean the injection site you have selected with an alcohol swab and let it dry. Hold the syringe in one hand. Use your other hand to hold a cleaned fold of skin for your injection. Hold the skin between your thumb and fingers. (See Figure O)

Figure O

Hold the skin between your thumb and fingers - Illustration

  • Hold the syringe at a right angle to the skin, like a dart. Push the injection needle into the skin with a quick motion. Most of the needle should go beneath the skin surface. (See Figure P)

Figure P

Most of the needle should go beneath the skin surface - Illustration

  • Remove your hand from the pinched area of skin after the needle goes in. Make sure the needle stays in the skin. (See Figure Q)

Figure Q

Make sure the needle stays in the skin - Illustration

  • Slowly push the plunger all the way down until all of the medicine in the syringe has been injected under the skin.
  • Pull the injection needle out of your skin when the syringe is empty:
  • Be careful to pull it out at the same angle you put it in
  • Flip back the pink needle shield until it snaps, covering the injection needle completely. Keep pressing until you hear a click, that means the injection needle is protected. (See Figure R)

 

Figure R

 

  • Use a piece of sterile gauze to rub the injection site clean. If there is bleeding, apply pressure to the injection site with gauze for 30 seconds. If bleeding continues, apply a bandage to the site.

How should I dispose of the used syringes, needles, bottles and vials?

  • If you accidentally prick another person with a used needle, that person should be informed to contact a healthcare provider right away about the accident.
  • Never reuse or recycle needles or syringes.
  • Never throw used needles, syringes, or the sharps container into the trash.
  • Throw away used syringes, needles, EGRIFTA™ vials and Sterile Water for Injection bottle in a puncture-proof container, sharps container, or a hard container like a coffee can.
  • Speak to your pharmacist or other healthcare provider about the proper disposal of the sharps container and all other used materials. There may be local or state laws about how to throw away used needles and syringes.
  • Keep the sharps container away from children and pets.

If you have any questions, call your healthcare provider. You can call AXIS Center toll-free at 1-877-714-2947 or visit the EGRIFTA™ Web site at: www.EGRIFTA™ .com for more information.

How do I store EGRIFTA™?

EGRIFTA™ has two boxes:

  • Store the Medication Box of EGRIFTA™ vials in the refrigerator between 2°C and 8°C (36°F and 46°F).
  • Store the Injection Box of Sterile Water for Injection, syringes and needles at room temperature between 20ºC to 25ºC (68°F to 77°F).
  • Keep EGRIFTA™ vials away from light.
  • Do not freeze.
  • After mixing, use EGRIFTA™ right away and throw away any unused EGRIFTA™. Do not store mixed EGRIFTA™. Also, throw away the used bottle of Sterile Water for Injection.
  • Do not use EGRIFTA™ after the expiration date printed on the Medication Box and vial labels.

Keep EGRIFTA™ and all medicines out of the reach of children.

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/12/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Disclaimer

Egrifta Consumer

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

TESAMORELIN - INJECTION

(TES-a-moe-REL-in)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Egrifta

USES: This medication is used to reduce excess fat in the stomach area (abdomen) in people with HIV infection who have changes in the way their body fat is distributed. Some HIV drugs may cause this side effect (increased fat in the upper back and stomach areas, decreased fat in the arms and legs). Tesamorelin works by causing your body to make more growth hormone.

This medication should not be used for weight loss.

HOW TO USE: Read the Patient Information Leaflet and Patient Instructions for Use provided by your pharmacist before starting this medication and each time you get a refill. A health care professional will teach you how to properly use this medication. Learn all preparation and usage instructions in the product package or from your health care professional. If any of the information is unclear, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Wash your hands with soap and water before using this medication. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid.

Inject this medication under the skin on your stomach (abdomen) as directed by your doctor, usually once daily. To help you remember, use it at the same time each day.

Pick an injection site that is below your belly button to the left or right. Avoid any area with scar tissue, bruises, reddening, or irritation. Before injecting each dose, clean the injection site with rubbing alcohol. Change the injection site each time to lessen injury under the skin.

Learn how to store and discard needles and medical supplies safely. Consult your pharmacist for more details.

Disclaimer

Egrifta Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Redness, itching, pain, irritation, or bruising at the injection site may occur. Muscle aches may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: muscle/joint pain or stiffness, numbness/tingling/swelling in your arms or legs.

This medication may infrequently make your blood sugar level rise, which can cause or worsen diabetes. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop symptoms of high blood sugar, such as increased thirst and urination. If you already have diabetes, be sure to check your blood sugars regularly. Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication, exercise program, or diet.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the Egrifta (tesamorelin injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

PRECAUTIONS: Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: cancer, diabetes, tumors, hypothalamus or pituitary gland problems (such as due to head injury, pituitary tumor/surgery).

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

This medication must not be used during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor immediately.

It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Because breast milk can transmit HIV, do not breast-feed.

Disclaimer

Egrifta Consumer (continued)

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as blood sugar, IGF-1 levels) should be performed regularly to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Store the medication in the refrigerator between 36-46 degrees F (2-8 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not freeze. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Information last revised December 2010. Copyright(c) 2010 First Databank, Inc.

Egrifta Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Egrifta

Generic Name: tesamorelin (Pronunciation: TES a moe REL in)

What is tesamorelin (Egrifta)?

Tesamorelin is made with growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF).

Tesamorelin is used to reduce excess fat around the stomach that is caused by taking certain HIV medications. This condition is also called lipodystrophy (LYE-poe-DIS-troe-fee).

Tesamorelin is not a weight-loss medication and should not be used to treat obesity.

What are the possible side effects of tesamorelin (Egrifta)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using tesamorelin and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet;
  • pain or stiffness in your muscles or joints;
  • pain in your arms or legs;
  • wrist pain or numbness;
  • numbness or tingling in your hands or fingers;
  • pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest;
  • high blood sugar (increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, dry mouth, fruity breath odor, drowsiness, dry skin, blurred vision, weight loss);

Less serious side effects may include:

  • depressed mood, sleep problems (insomnia);
  • night sweats;
  • mild rash or itching;
  • muscle spasm;
  • nausea, vomiting, upset stomach;
  • pain, redness, itching, swelling, bruising, bleeding, or other irritation where the injection was given;

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Egrifta (tesamorelin injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

What is the most important information I should know about tesamorelin (Egrifta)?

You should not use tesamorelin if you are allergic to it, or if you have a history of tumor or surgery of your pituitary gland, a history of head injury or radiation treatment,

Before using tesamorelin, tell your doctor if you have heart disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease, diabetes, epilepsy, asthma, migraines, an adrenal gland disorder, or if you have ever had cancer, any type of tumor, or open heart surgery.

Also tell your doctor about any major illness or recent trauma or medical emergency.

Side Effects Centers

Egrifta Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using tesamorelin (Egrifta)?

You should not use tesamorelin if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • cancer;
  • a pituitary gland disorder;
  • a history of pituitary gland tumor or surgery;
  • a history of head injury or radiation treatment; or
  • if you are pregnant.

To make sure you can safely take tesamorelin, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

  • a history of cancer or any tumor (either benign or malignant);
  • heart disease, high blood pressure;
  • kidney disease;
  • diabetes, eye problems caused by diabetes;
  • epilepsy
  • asthma;
  • migraine headaches;
  • adrenal gland disorder;
  • if you have ever had open heart surgery; or
  • if you have any major illness, or a recent trauma or medical emergency.

FDA pregnancy category X. This medication can harm an unborn baby or cause birth defects. Do not use tesamorelin if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment.

Women with HIV or AIDS should not breast feed a baby. Even if your baby is born without HIV, the virus may be passed to the baby in your breast milk.

Do not give this medicine to a child without medical advice.

How tesamorelin given (Egrifta)?

Tesamorelin is injected under the skin. You may be shown how to use injections at home. Do not self inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of used needles and syringes.

This medication comes with injection instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Tesamorelin is a powder medicine that must be mixed with a liquid (diluent) before using it. If you are using the injections at home, be sure you understand how to properly mix and store the medicine.

Prepare your dose in a syringe only when you are ready to give yourself an injection. Do not use the medication if it has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.

After mixing tesamorelin with a diluent, you must use it right away. Do not store the mixture for later use.

Tesamorelin is usually given once per day. Follow your doctor's dosing instructions very carefully.

Use a different place on your stomach each time you give the injection. Your care provider will show you the best places on your body to inject the medication. Do not inject into the same place two times in a row.

Never share a tesamorelin syringe with another person, even if you change the needle. Sharing syringes or needles can allow HIV or other diseases to pass from one person to another.

To make sure this medication is helping your condition and not causing harmful effects, your blood will need to be tested often. Do not miss any follow-up visits to your doctor.

Store vials of tesamorelin powder in the refrigerator, do not freeze.

Store the diluent at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Throw away any unused vials after the expiration date on the label has passed.

Side Effects Centers

Egrifta Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Egrifta)?

Call your doctor for instructions if you miss a dose of tesamorelin.

What happens if I overdose (Egrifta)?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while using tesamorelin (Egrifta)?

Do not inject this medicine into scar tissue or on skin that is bruised. Do not inject directly into your navel (belly-button).

What other drugs will affect tesamorelin (Egrifta)?

Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use, especially:

  • cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune);
  • testosterone or hormone replacement therapy;
  • seizure medication;
  • steroids (prednisone and others);

This list is not complete and there are many other drugs that can interact with tesamorelin. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor. Keep a list of all your medicines and show it to any healthcare provider who treats you.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about tesamorelin.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.01. Revision date: 6/14/2011.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read,understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement,which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

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Side Effects Centers

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