Hycamtin (Topotecan Hydrochloride)
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Hycamtin (Topotecan Hydrochloride)

HYCAMTIN®
(topotecan)

WARNING

BONE MARROW SUPPRESSION

HYCAMTIN should be administered only to patients with baseline neutrophil counts of ≥ 1,500 cells/mm³ and a platelet count ≥ 100,000 cells/mm³. In order to assess the occurrence of bone marrow suppression, blood cell counts should be monitored.

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Topotecan hydrochloride is a semi-synthetic derivative of camptothecin and is an anti-tumor drug with topoisomerase I-inhibitory activity.

The chemical name for topotecan hydrochloride is (S)-10-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4- ethyl-4,9-dihydroxy-1H-pyrano[3',4':6,7] indolizino [1,2-b]quinoline-3,14-(4H,12H)-dione monohydrochloride. It has the molecular formula C23H23N3O5•HCl and a molecular weight of 457.9. It is soluble in water and melts with decomposition at 213° to 218°C.

Topotecan hydrochloride has the following structural formula:

HYCAMTIN® (topotecan)  Structural Formula Illustration

HYCAMTIN capsules contain topotecan hydrochloride, the content of which is expressed as topotecan free base. The major excipients are hydrogenated vegetable oil, glyceryl monostearate, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The capsules are imprinted with edible black ink. The 1 mg capsules also contain red iron oxide.

What are the possible side effects of topotecan (Hycamtin)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • wheezing, feeling short of breath, chest pain, dry cough;
  • fever, chills, flu symptoms, mouth and throat ulcers, rapid and shallow breathing, fainting;
  • pale skin, feeling light-headed, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating;
  • easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Hycamtin »

What are the precautions when taking topotecan hydrochloride (Hycamtin)?

Before using topotecan, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain immune system problem (neutropenia).

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood/bone marrow disorders (e.g., low platelet/white blood cell/red blood cell levels), kidney disease, liver disease.

This drug may make you weak or tired. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires...

Read All Potential Precautions of Hycamtin »

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

INDICATIONS

HYCAMTIN capsules are indicated for the treatment of relapsed small cell lung cancer in patients with a prior complete or partial response and who are at least 45 days from the end of first-line chemotherapy.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Recommended Dosing

The recommended dose of HYCAMTIN capsules is 2.3 mg/m²/day once daily for 5 consecutive days repeated every 21 days. Round the calculated oral daily dose to the nearest 0.25 mg, and prescribe the minimum number of 1 mg and 0.25 mg capsules. The same number of capsules should be prescribed for each of the 5 dosing days.

HYCAMTIN capsules may be taken with or without food. The capsules must be swallowed whole and must not be chewed, crushed, or divided. If your patient vomits after taking the dose of HYCAMTIN, the patient should not take a replacement dose.

Adjustment of Dose in Special Populations

Renal Function Impairment

No dosage adjustment of HYCAMTIN capsules appears to be required for treating patients with mild renal impairment (CLcr = 50-80 mL/min). A dose adjustment of HYCAMTIN capsules to 1.8 mg/m²/day is predicted to adjust the area under the curve (AUC) to the normal range for patients with moderate renal impairment (CLcr = 30 -49 mL/min). Insufficient data are available in patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr < 30 mL/min) to provide a dosage recommendation for HYCAMTIN capsules [see Use In Specific Populations].

Dose Modification Guidelines

Patients should not be treated with subsequent courses of HYCAMTIN until neutrophils recover to > 1,000 cells/mm³, platelets recover to > 100,000 cells/mm³, and hemoglobin levels recover to ≥ 9.0 g/dL (with transfusion if necessary).

For patients who experience severe neutropenia (neutrophils < 500 cells/mm³ associated with fever or infection or lasting for 7 days or more) or neutropenia (neutrophils 500 to 1,000 cells/mm³ lasting beyond day 21 of the treatment course), the HYCAMTIN capsules dose should be reduced by 0.4 mg/m²/day for subsequent courses. Doses should be similarly reduced if the platelet count falls below 25,000 cells/mm³.

For patients who experience Grade 3 or 4 diarrhea, the HYCAMTIN capsules dose should be reduced by 0.4 mg/m²/day for subsequent courses [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Patients with Grade 2 diarrhea may need to follow the same dose modification guidelines.

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

HYCAMTIN capsules contain topotecan hydrochloride expressed as topotecan free base. The 0.25 mg capsules are opaque white to yellowish-white and imprinted with HYCAMTIN and 0.25 mg. The 1 mg capsules are opaque pink and imprinted with HYCAMTIN and 1 mg.

Storage And Handling

The 0.25 mg HYCAMTIN capsules are opaque white to yellowish-white imprinted with HYCAMTIN and 0.25 mg and are available in bottles of 10: NDC 0007-4205-11.

The 1 mg HYCAMTIN capsules are opaque pink imprinted with HYCAMTIN and 1 mg and are available in bottles of 10: NDC 0007-4207-11.

Store refrigerated 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Store the bottles protected from light in the original outer cartons.

Procedures for proper handling and disposal of anticancer drugs should be used. Several guidelines on this subject have been published.1-4

HYCAMTIN capsules should not be opened or crushed. Direct contact of the capsule contents with the skin or mucous membranes should be avoided. If such contacts occur, wash thoroughly with soap and water or wash the eyes immediately with gently flowing water for at least 15 minutes. Consult the healthcare provider in case of a skin reaction or if the drug gets in the eyes.

REFERENCES

1. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. NIOSH Alert. Preventing Occupational Exposures to Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Health Care Settings. Available at: www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-165/ Accessed October 2, 2007.

2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Controlling Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Drugs. OSHA Technical Manual, TED 1-0.15A. Section VI: Chapter 2. Available at: www.osha.gov/dts/osta/otm/otm_vi/otm_vi_2.html Accessed October 2, 2007.

3. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP Guidelines on Handling Hazardous Drugs. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2006;63:1172-1193.

4. Polovich, M., White, J.M., Kelleher, L.O., eds. Chemotherapy and Biotherapy Guidelines and Recommendations for Practice. 2nd ed. Pittsburgh, PA: Oncology Nursing Society: 2005. GlaxoSmithKline Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

GlaxoSmithKline. Research Triangle Park, NC 27709.

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials Experience

The safety of HYCAMTIN capsules has been evaluated in 682 patients with thoracic cancer (3 recurrent small cell lung cancer [SCLC] studies and 1 recurrent non-small cell lung cancer [NSCLC] study) who received at least one dose of HYCAMTIN capsules. Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Table 1 describes the hematologic and non-hematologic adverse reactions in recurrent SCLC patients treated with HYCAMTIN capsules plus best supportive care (BSC) and in the overall thoracic cancer patient population.

Table 1: Incidence ( ≥ 5%) of Adverse Reactions in Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With HYCAMTIN Capsules Plus BSC and in 4 Thoracic Cancer Studies

Adverse Reaction HYCAMTIN Capsules+ BSC
(N = 70)
HYCAMTIN Capsules Thoracic Cancer Population
(N =682)
All Grades (%) Grade 3 (%) Grade 4 (%) All Grades (%) Grade 3 (%) Grade 4 (%)
Hematologic
  Anemia 94 15 10 98 18 7
  Leukopenia 90 25 16 86 29 15
  Neutropenia 91 28 33 83 24 32
  Thrombocytopenia 81 30 7 81 29 6
Non-hematologic
  Nausea 27 1 0 33 3 0
  Diarrhea 14 4 1 22 4 0.4
  Vomiting 19 1 0 21 3 0.4
  Alopecia 10 0 0 20 0.1 0
  Fatigue 11 0 0 19 4 0.1
  Anorexia 7 0 0 14 2 0
  Asthenia 3 0 0 7 2 0
  Pyrexia 7 1 0 5 1 1
BSC = Best Supportive Care.
N = total number of patients treated.
Adverse reactions were graded using NCI Common Toxicity Criteria.

Diarrhea Adverse Reactions

Of the 70 patients who received HYCAMTIN capsules plus BSC, the incidence of drug-related diarrhea was 14%, with 4% Grade 3 and 1% Grade 4.

In the 682 patients who received HYCAMTIN capsules in the 4 thoracic cancer studies, the incidence of drug-related diarrhea was 22%, with 4% Grade 3 and 0.4% Grade 4. The overall incidence of drug-related diarrhea was more frequent in patients ≥ 65 years of age (28%, n = 225) with 10% Grade 1, 9% Grade 2, 7% Grade 3, and 1% Grade 4 compared to those < 65 years of age (19%, n = 457) with 7% Grade 1, 9% Grade 2, 3% Grade 3, and 0% Grade 4. The incidence of Grade 3 or 4 diarrhea proximate (within 5 days) to Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia events in the HYCAMTIN capsules treatment group was 5%. The median time to onset of Grade 2 or worse diarrhea was 9 days in the HYCAMTIN capsules group.

Deaths Occurring Within 30 Days Following the Last Dose of Study Medication

In the 682 patients who received HYCAMTIN capsules in the 4 thoracic cancer studies, 39 deaths occurred within 30 days after the last dose of study medication for a reason other than progressive disease; 13 of these deaths were attributed to hematologic toxicity, 5 were attributed to non-hematologic toxicity, and 21 were attributed to other causes. One patient death (68 years of age) was attributed to treatment-related diarrhea and one death (68 years of age) attributed diarrhea as a contributory event; both patients received HYCAMTIN capsules.

In addition to the adverse reactions listed previously, the following adverse reactions have been reported with HYCAMTIN for Injection:

Postmarketing Experience

There is no postmarketing experience with HYCAMTIN capsules. The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of HYCAMTIN for Injection. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Severe bleeding (in association with thrombocytopenia).

Immune system disorders: Allergic manifestations, anaphylactoid reactions.

Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: Interstitial lung disease.

Gastrointestinal disorders: Abdominal pain potentially associated with neutropenic colitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Angioedema, severe dermatitis, severe pruritus.

Read the Hycamtin (topotecan hydrochloride) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Drugs That Inhibit Drug Efflux Transporters

Topotecan is a substrate for both ABCB1 [P-glycoprotein (P-gp)] and ABCG2 (BCRP). Elacridar (inhibitor of ABCB1 and ABCG2) administered with HYCAMTIN capsules increased topotecan exposure to approximately 2.5-fold of control. Cyclosporine A (inhibitor of ABCB1, ABCC1 [MRP-1], and CYP3A4) with HYCAMTIN capsules increased topotecan exposure to 2- to 3-fold of control. Patients should be carefully monitored for adverse reactions when HYCAMTIN capsules are administered with a drug known to inhibit these transporters. [See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY.]

Effects of Topotecan on Drug Metabolizing Enzymes

In vitro inhibition studies using marker substrates known to be metabolized by human cytochromes P450 (CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C8/9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E, CYP3A, or CYP4A) or dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase indicate that the activities of these enzymes were not altered by topotecan. Enzyme inhibition by topotecan has not been evaluated in vivo.

Effects of Other Drugs on Topotecan Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of topotecan were generally unchanged when coadministered with ranitidine.

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Bone Marrow Suppression

Bone marrow suppression (primarily neutropenia) is a dose-limiting toxicity of HYCAMTIN. Neutropenia is not cumulative over time. The following data on myelosuppression are based on an integrated safety database from 4 thoracic malignancy studies (N = 682) using HYCAMTIN capsules at 2.3 mg/m²/day for 5 consecutive days. The median day for neutrophil, red blood cell, and platelet nadirs occurred on day 15.

Neutropenia

Grade 4 neutropenia ( < 500 cells/mm³) occurred in 32% of patients with a median duration of 7 days and was most common during course 1 of treatment (20% of patients). Infection, sepsis, and febrile neutropenia occurred in 17%, 2%, and 4% of patients, respectively. Death due to sepsis occurred in 1% of patients. Pancytopenia has been reported. Topotec an-induced neutropenia can lead to neutropenic colitis. Fatalities due to neutropenic colitis have been reported. In patients presenting with fever, neutropenia, and a compatible pattern of abdominal pain, the possibility of neutropenic colitis should be considered. [See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.]

Thrombocytopenia

Grade 4 thrombocytopenia ( < 10,000 cells/mm³) occurred in 6% of patients, with a median duration of 3 days.

Anemia

Grade 3 or 4 anemia ( < 8 g/dL) occurred in 25% of patients.

Monitoring of Bone Marrow Function

HYCAMTIN should be administered only in patients with adequate bone marrow reserves, including a baseline neutrophil count of ≥ 1,500 cells/mm³ and a platelet count ≥ 100,000 cells/mm³. Frequent monitoring of peripheral blood cell counts should be instituted during treatment with HYCAMTIN.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea, including severe diarrhea requiring hospitalization, has been reported during treatment with HYCAMTIN capsules. Diarrhea related to HYCAMTIN capsules can occur at the same time as drug-related neutropenia and its sequelae. Communication with patients prior to drug administration regarding these side effects and proactive management of early and all signs and symptoms of diarrhea is important. Treatment-related diarrhea is associated with significant morbidity and may be life-threatening. Should diarrhea occur during treatment with HYCAMTIN capsules, physicians are advised to aggressively manage diarrhea. Clinical guidelines describing the aggressive management of diarrhea include specific recommendations on patient communication and awareness, recognition of early warning signs, use of anti diarrheals and antibiotics, changes in fluid intake and diet, and need for hospitalization.

Of the 682 patients who received HYCAMTIN capsules in the 4 thoracic cancer studies, the overall incidence of drug-related diarrhea was 22%, including 4% with Grade 3 and 0.4% with Grade 4. Drug-related diarrhea was more frequent in patients ≥ 65 years of age (28%) compared to those < 65 years of age (19%). [See ADVERSE REACTIONS and Use In Specific Populations.]

Interstitial Lung Disease

HYCAMTIN has been associated with reports of interstitial lung disease (ILD), some of which have been fatal [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Underlying risk factors include history of ILD, pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer, thoracic exposure to radiation, and use of pneumotoxic drugs and/or colony stimulating factors. Patients should be monitored for pulmonary symptoms indicative of interstitial lung disease (e.g., cough, fever, dyspnea, and/or hypoxia), and HYCAMTIN should be discontinued if a new diagnosis of ILD is confirmed.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category D

HYCAMTIN can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Topotecan caused embryolethality, fetotoxicity, and teratogenicity in rats and rabbits when administered during organogenesis. There are no adequate and well controlled studies of HYCAMTIN in pregnant women. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if a patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus [see Use In Specific Populations, Pregnancy].

Drug Interactions

P-glycoprotein inhibitors (e.g., cyclosporine A, elacridar, ketoconazole, ritonavir, and saquinavir) can cause significant increases in topotecan exposure. The concomitant use of P glycoprotein inhibitors with HYCAMTIN capsules should be avoided. [See DRUG INTERACTIONS.]

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling.

Bone Marrow Suppression

Patients should be informed that HYCAMTIN decreases blood cell counts such as white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells. Patients who develop fever or other signs of infection such as chills, cough, or burning pain on urination while on therapy should notify their physician promptly. Patients should be told that frequent blood tests will be performed while taking HYCAMTIN to monitor for the occurrence of bone marrow suppression.

Pregnancy

Patients should be advised to use effective contraceptive measures to prevent pregnancy and to avoid breastfeeding during treatment with HYCAMTIN.

Diarrhea

Patients should be informed that HYCAMTIN capsules cause diarrhea which may be severe in some cases. Patients should be told how to manage and/or prevent diarrhea and to inform their physician if severe diarrhea occurs during treatment with HYCAMTIN capsules.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity testing of topotecan has not been done. Nevertheless, topotecan is known to be genotoxic to mammalian cells and is a probable carcinogen. Topotecan was mutagenic to L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells and clastogenic to cultured human lymphocytes with and without metabolic activation. It was also clastogenic to mouse bone marrow. Topotecan did not cause mutations in bacterial cells.

Topotecan given to female rats prior to mating at a dose of 1.4 mg/m² IV (about 3/5th of the oral clinical dose on a mg/m² basis) caused superovulation possibly related to inhibition of follicular atresia. This dose given to pregnant female rats also caused increased pre-implantation loss. Studies in dogs given 0.4 mg/m² IV (about 1/6th the oral clinical dose on a mg/m² basis) of topotecan daily for a month suggest that treatment may cause an increase in the incidence of multinucleated spermatogonial giant cells in the testes. Topotecan may impair fertility in women and men.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category D. [See WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

HYCAMTIN can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In rabbits, an IV dose of 0.10 mg/kg/day (about equal to the clinical IV dose on a mg/m² basis) given on days 6 through 20 of gestation caused maternal toxicity, embryolethality, and reduced fetal body weight. In the rat, an IV dose of 0.23 mg/kg/day (about equal to the clinical IV dose on a mg/m² basis) given for 14 days before mating through gestation day 6 caused fetal resorption, microphthalmia, pre-implant loss, and mild maternal toxicity. An IV dose of 0.10 mg/kg/day (about half the clinical IV dose on a mg/m² basis) given to rats on days 6 through 17 of gestation caused an increase in post-implantation mortality. This dose also caused an increase in total fetal malformations. The most frequent malformations were of the eye (microphthalmia, anophthalmia, rosette formation of the retina, coloboma of the retina, ectopic orbit), brain (dilated lateral and third ventricles), skull, and vertebrae.

There are no adequate and well controlled studies of HYCAMTIN in pregnant women. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if a patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

Nursing Mothers

Rats excrete high concentrations of topotecan into milk. Lactating female rats given 4.72 mg/m² IV (about twice the clinical dose on a mg/m² basis) excreted topotecan into milk at concentrations up to 48-fold higher than those in plasma. It is not known whether the drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from HYCAMTIN, discontinue breastfeeding when women are receiving HYCAMTIN.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Of the 682 patients with thoracic cancer in 4 clinical studies who received HYCAMTIN capsules, 33% (n = 225) were 65 years of age and older, while 4.8% (n = 33) were 75 years of age and older. Treatment-related diarrhea was more frequent in patients ≥ 65 years of age (28%) compared to those < 65 years of age (19%). [See WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS.] Among patients ≥ 65 years of age, those receiving HYCAMTIN capsules plus BSC showed a survival benefit compared to those receiving BSC alone. There were no apparent differences in the pharmacokinetics of topotecan in elderly patients with creatinine clearance of ≥ 60 mL/minute [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

This drug is known to be excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Renal Impairment

A cross-study analysis of data collected from 217 patients with advanced solid tumors Topotecan hydrochloride has the following structural formula: indicated that exposure (AUC0-∞) to topotecan lactone, the pharmacologically active moiety, was 10% and 20% higher in patients with mild renal (CLcr = 50-80 mL/min) and moderate renal (CLcr = 30-49 mL/min) impairment, respectively, than in patients with normal renal function (CLcr > 80 mL/min) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Hepatic Impairment

In a population pharmacokinetic analysis involving oral topotecan administered at doses of 0.15-2.7 mg/m²/day to 118 cancer patients, the pharmacokinetics of total topotecan did not differ significantly based on patient serum bilirubin, ALT, or AST. No dosage adjustment appeared to be required for patients with impaired hepatic function (serum bilirubin of > 1.5 mg/dL).

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OVERDOSE

There is no known antidote for overdosage with HYCAMTIN capsules. The primary anticipated complication of overdosage would consist of hematological toxicity. The patient should be observed closely for bone marrow suppression, and supportive measures (such as the prophylactic use of G-CSF and/or antibiotic therapy) should be considered.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

HYCAMTIN is contraindicated in patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., anaphylactoid reactions) to topotecan or to any of its ingredients. HYCAMTIN should not be used in patients with severe bone marrow depression.

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

Topoisomerase I relieves torsional strain in DNA by inducing reversible single strand breaks. Topotecan binds to the topoisomerase I-DNA complex and prevents religation of these single strand breaks. The cytotoxicity of topotecan is thought to be due to double strand DNA damage produced during DNA synthesis, when replication enzymes interact with the ternary complex formed by topotecan, topoisomerase I, and DNA. Mammalian cells cannot efficiently repair these double strand breaks.

Pharmacodynamics

The dose-limiting toxicity of topotecan is leukopenia. White blood cell count decreases with increasing topotecan dose or topotecan AUC. There is a correlation between topotecan lactone AUC day 1 and percent decrease of leukocytes.

Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of HYCAMTIN capsules after oral administration have been evaluated in cancer patients following doses of 1.2 to 3.1 mg/m² administered daily for 5 days. Topotecan exhibits biexponential pharmacokinetics with a mean terminal half-life of 3 to 6 hours. Total exposure (AUC) increases approximately proportionally with dose. Plasma protein binding of topotecan is about 35%.

Absorption

Topotecan is rapidly absorbed with peak plasma concentrations occurring between 1 to 2 hours following oral administration. The oral bioavailability of topotecan was about 40%. Following a high-fat meal, the extent of exposure was similar in the fed and fasted states, while tmax was delayed from 1.5 to 3 hours (topotecan lactone) and from 3 to 4 hours (total topotecan), respectively. HYCAMTIN capsules can be given without regard to food.

Following coadministration of the ABCG2 (BCRP) and ABCB1 (P-gp) inhibitor elacridar (GF120918) at 100 to 1,000 mg doses with oral topotecan, the AUC0-∞ of topotecan lactone and total topotecan increased approximately 2.5-fold.

Administration of oral cyclosporine A (15 mg/kg), an inhibitor of transporters ABCB1 (P-gp) and ABCC1 (MRP-1) as well as the metabolizing enzyme CYP3A4, within 4 hours of oral topotecan increased the dose-normalized AUC0-24 of topotecan lactone and total topotecan to 2.0- to 3-fold of control. [See DRUG INTERACTIONS.]

Metabolism and Elimination

Topotecan undergoes a reversible pH-dependent hydrolysis of its lactone moiety; it is the lactone form that is pharmacologically active. At pH ≤ 4, the lactone is exclusively present, whereas the ring-opened hydroxy-acid form predominates at physiologic pH. The mean metabolite:parent AUC ratio was < 10% for total topotecan and topotecan lactone.

In a mass balance study in 4 patients with advanced solid tumors, the overall recovery of drug-related material following 5 daily doses of topotecan was 57% of the administered oral dose. In the urine, 20% of the oral administered dose was excreted as total topotecan and 2% was excreted as N-desmethyl topotecan [see Use In Specific Populations]. Fecal elimination of total topotecan accounted for 33% while fecal elimination of N-desmethyl topotecan was 1.5%. Overall, the N-desmethyl metabolite contributed a mean of < 6% (range 4 to 8%) of the total drug-related material accounted for in the urine and feces. O-glucuronides of both topotecan and N-desmethyl topotecan have been identified in the urine.

Age, Gender, and Race

A cross-study analysis in 217 patients with advanced solid tumors indicated that age and gender did not significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of oral topotecan. There are insufficient data to determine an effect of race on pharmacokinetics of oral topotecan.

Clinical Studies

Small Cell Lung Cancer

HYCAMTIN capsules were studied in patients with relapsed SCLC in a randomized, comparative, open label trial. The patients were prior responders (complete or partial) to first line chemotherapy, were not considered candidates for standard intravenous chemotherapy, and had relapsed at least 45 days from the end of first-line chemotherapy. Seventy-one patients were randomized to HYCAMTIN capsules (2.3 mg/m²/day administered for 5 consecutive days repeated every 21 days) and Best Supportive Care (BSC) and 70 patients were randomized to BSC alone. The primary objective was to compare the overall survival between the 2 treatment arms. Patients in the HYCAMTIN capsules plus BSC group received a median of 4 courses (range 1 to 10) and maintained a median dose intensity of HYCAMTIN capsules, 3.77 mg/m²/week. The median patient age in the HYCAMTIN capsules plus BSC arm and the BSC alone treatment arm was 60 years and 58 years while the percentage of patients > 65 years of age was 34% and 29%, respectively. All but 1 patient were Caucasian. The HYCAMTIN capsules plus BSC treatment arm included 68% of patients with extensive disease and 28% with liver metastasis. In the BSC alone arm, 61% of patients had extensive disease and 20% had liver metastases. Both treatment arms recruited 73% males. In the HYCAMTIN capsules plus BSC arm, 18% of patients had prior carboplatin and 62% had prior cisplatin. In the BSC alone arm, 26% of patients had prior carboplatin and 51% had prior cisplatin.

The HYCAMTIN capsules plus BSC arm showed a statistically significant improvement in overall survival compared with the BSC alone arm (Log-rank p = 0.0104). Survival results are shown in Table 2 and Figure 1.

Table 2: Overall Survival in Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients With HYCAMTIN Capsules Plus BSC Compared With BSC Alone

  Treatment Group
HYCAMTIN Capsules + BSC
(N = 71)
BSC
(N = 70)
Median (weeks) (95% CI) 25.9 (18.3, 31.6) 13.9 (11.1, 18.6)
Hazard ratio (95% CI) 0.64 (0.45, 0.90)
Log-rank p-value 0.0104
BSC = Best Supportive Care.
N = total number of patients randomized.
CI = Confidence Interval.

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Estimates for Survival

Kaplan-Meier Estimates for Survival - Illustration

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

PATIENT INFORMATION

HYCAMTIN®
(hi-CAM-tin)
(topotecan) Capsules

Read the Patient Information that comes with HYCAMTIN capsules before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about taking HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN capsules can cause serious side effects:

Decreased blood counts. Taking HYCAMTIN affects your bone marrow and can cause a severe decrease in your blood cell counts (bone marrow suppression) - neutrophils (a type of white blood cell important in fighting bacterial infections), red blood cells (blood cells that carry oxygen to the tissues), and platelets (important for clotting and control of bleeding).

  • You should have blood tests regularly to check your blood counts. A decrease in neutrophils (neutropenia) may affect how your body fights infection.
  • Your healthcare provider will tell you if your blood counts are too low before you begin treatment with HYCAMTIN.
  • Your dose of HYCAMTIN may need to be changed or stopped until your blood counts recover enough after each cycle of treatment.
  • Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following signs of infection:
  • fever (temperature of 100.5°F or greater)
  • Tell your healthcare provider about any abnormal bleeding or bruising.

Diarrhea. Diarrhea may occur from taking HYCAMTIN capsules, and may be serious enough that you must be treated in the hospital. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have:

  • diarrhea with fever
  • diarrhea 3 or more times a day
  • diarrhea with stomach-area pain or cramps

See “What are the possible side effects of HYCAMTIN capsules?”

What are HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN capsules are prescription medicines you take by mouth. HYCAMTIN capsules are used to treat a certain type of lung cancer called small cell lung cancer.

HYCAMTIN capsules may be right for you if:

  • your cancer responded to your first chemotherapy
  • your cancer came back at least 45 days after you finished your last dose of chemotherapy

It is not known if HYCAMTIN is safe and effective in children.

Who should not take HYCAMTIN capsules?

Do not take HYCAMTIN capsules if:

  • you are allergic to anything in HYCAMTIN capsules. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in HYCAMTIN capsules.
  • the results of your last blood test show blood counts that are too low. Your healthcare provider will tell you.

What else should I tell my healthcare provider before taking HYCAMTIN capsules?

Before you take HYCAMTIN capsules, tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • are pregnant or may become pregnant. HYCAMTIN capsules may harm your unborn baby. You should not become pregnant while you are taking HYCAMTIN capsules.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if HYCAMTIN passes into your breast milk or if it can harm your baby. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take HYCAMTIN or breast feed. You should not do both.
  • Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. HYCAMTIN capsules and other medicines may affect each other causing side effects. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you are taking: cyclosporine (SANDIMMUNE®, GENGRAF®, NEORAL®), ketoconazole (NIZORAL®, EXTINA®), ritonavir (NORVIR®, KALETRA®), saquinavir (INVIRASE®).
  • Know your medicines. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I take HYCAMTIN capsules?

  • Take HYCAMTIN capsules exactly as your doctor prescribes them.
  • Your healthcare provider may want you to take both 1 mg and 0.25 mg capsules together to make up your complete dose. You must be able to tell the difference between the capsules. The 1 mg capsule is a pink color and the 0.25 mg capsule is a white to yellowish-white color.
  • Take HYCAMTIN capsules once a day for 5 days in a row. This treatment will normally be repeated every 3 weeks (a treatment cycle). Your healthcare provider will decide how long you will take HYCAMTIN capsules.
  • Swallow HYCAMTIN capsules whole with water. Do not open, chew, or crush HYCAMTIN capsules. HYCAMTIN capsules may be taken with or without food.
  • If any of the HYCAMTIN capsules are broken or leaking, do not touch them with your bare hands. Carefully dispose of the capsules, and then wash your hands well with soap and water.
  • If you get any of the contents of HYCAMTIN capsules on your skin or in your eyes, do the following:
    • Wash the area of skin well with soap and water right away,
    • Wash your eyes right away with gently flowing water for at least 15 minutes.
    • Call your healthcare provider if you get a skin reaction or if you get the medicine in your eyes.
  • If you take too much HYCAMTIN, contact your healthcare provider right away.
  • If you forget to take HYCAMTIN at any time, do not double the dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Wait and take the next scheduled dose. Let your healthcare provider know that you missed a dose.
  • If you vomit after taking your HYCAMTIN, do not take another dose on the same day. Let your healthcare provider know right away that you have vomited.

What should I avoid while taking HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN may make you feel drowsy or sleepy both during and for several days after treatment. If you feel tired or weak, do not drive and do not use heavy tools or operate machinery.

What are the possible side effects of HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN can cause serious side effects including:

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about HYCAMTIN capsules?”
  • Lung problems that can cause death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have new or worse symptoms of coughing, fever, shortness of breath, or problems breathing. Your healthcare provider may tell you to stop taking HYCAMTIN capsules.

The following side effects have been reported in patients taking HYCAMTIN capsules:

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of HYCAMTIN to a dose that is better for you or may stop your treatment with HYCAMTIN for a while. This can help reduce the side effects and may keep them from getting worse. Let your healthcare provider know if this helps or does not help your side effects.

These are not all of the possible side effects of HYCAMTIN capsules. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1- 800-FDA-1088.

How should I store HYCAMTIN capsules?

  • Store HYCAMTIN capsules in a refrigerator between 36° to 46°F (2° and 8°C).
  • Keep the bottle of HYCAMTIN capsules in the carton that it comes in to protect it from light.
  • Dispose of HYCAMTIN capsules that are out of date or no longer needed.
  • Keep HYCAMTIN capsules and all other medicines out of the reach of children.

What are the ingredients in HYCAMTIN capsules?

Active Ingredient: Topotecan

Inactive Ingredients: Hydrogenated vegetable oil, glyceryl monostearate, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The 1 mg capsules also contain red iron oxide. The capsules are imprinted with edible black ink.

HYCAMTIN® (topotecan)  capsules - Illustration

(capsules shown larger than actual size)

General information about HYCAMTIN capsules

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in Patient Information leaflets. Only your doctor knows what treatment is best for you. Do not use HYCAMTIN capsules for a condition for which it was not prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not give HYCAMTIN capsules to other people, even if they have the same condition that you have. It may harm them.

This leaflet summarizes the most important information about HYCAMTIN capsules. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about HYCAMTIN capsules that is written for health professionals. For more information you can call toll-free 1-888-825-5249 or visit www.gsk.com.

This patient information leaflet has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

>

PATIENT INFORMATION

HYCAMTIN®
(hi-CAM-tin)
(topotecan) Capsules

Read the Patient Information that comes with HYCAMTIN capsules before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about taking HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN capsules can cause serious side effects:

Decreased blood counts. Taking HYCAMTIN affects your bone marrow and can cause a severe decrease in your blood cell counts (bone marrow suppression) - neutrophils (a type of white blood cell important in fighting bacterial infections), red blood cells (blood cells that carry oxygen to the tissues), and platelets (important for clotting and control of bleeding).

  • You should have blood tests regularly to check your blood counts. A decrease in neutrophils (neutropenia) may affect how your body fights infection.
  • Your healthcare provider will tell you if your blood counts are too low before you begin treatment with HYCAMTIN.
  • Your dose of HYCAMTIN may need to be changed or stopped until your blood counts recover enough after each cycle of treatment.
  • Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following signs of infection:
  • fever (temperature of 100.5°F or greater)
  • Tell your healthcare provider about any abnormal bleeding or bruising.

Diarrhea. Diarrhea may occur from taking HYCAMTIN capsules, and may be serious enough that you must be treated in the hospital. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have:

  • diarrhea with fever
  • diarrhea 3 or more times a day
  • diarrhea with stomach-area pain or cramps

See “What are the possible side effects of HYCAMTIN capsules?”

What are HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN capsules are prescription medicines you take by mouth. HYCAMTIN capsules are used to treat a certain type of lung cancer called small cell lung cancer.

HYCAMTIN capsules may be right for you if:

  • your cancer responded to your first chemotherapy
  • your cancer came back at least 45 days after you finished your last dose of chemotherapy

It is not known if HYCAMTIN is safe and effective in children.

Who should not take HYCAMTIN capsules?

Do not take HYCAMTIN capsules if:

  • you are allergic to anything in HYCAMTIN capsules. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in HYCAMTIN capsules.
  • the results of your last blood test show blood counts that are too low. Your healthcare provider will tell you.

What else should I tell my healthcare provider before taking HYCAMTIN capsules?

Before you take HYCAMTIN capsules, tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • are pregnant or may become pregnant. HYCAMTIN capsules may harm your unborn baby. You should not become pregnant while you are taking HYCAMTIN capsules.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if HYCAMTIN passes into your breast milk or if it can harm your baby. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take HYCAMTIN or breast feed. You should not do both.
  • Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. HYCAMTIN capsules and other medicines may affect each other causing side effects. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you are taking: cyclosporine (SANDIMMUNE®, GENGRAF®, NEORAL®), ketoconazole (NIZORAL®, EXTINA®), ritonavir (NORVIR®, KALETRA®), saquinavir (INVIRASE®).
  • Know your medicines. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I take HYCAMTIN capsules?

  • Take HYCAMTIN capsules exactly as your doctor prescribes them.
  • Your healthcare provider may want you to take both 1 mg and 0.25 mg capsules together to make up your complete dose. You must be able to tell the difference between the capsules. The 1 mg capsule is a pink color and the 0.25 mg capsule is a white to yellowish-white color.
  • Take HYCAMTIN capsules once a day for 5 days in a row. This treatment will normally be repeated every 3 weeks (a treatment cycle). Your healthcare provider will decide how long you will take HYCAMTIN capsules.
  • Swallow HYCAMTIN capsules whole with water. Do not open, chew, or crush HYCAMTIN capsules. HYCAMTIN capsules may be taken with or without food.
  • If any of the HYCAMTIN capsules are broken or leaking, do not touch them with your bare hands. Carefully dispose of the capsules, and then wash your hands well with soap and water.
  • If you get any of the contents of HYCAMTIN capsules on your skin or in your eyes, do the following:
    • Wash the area of skin well with soap and water right away,
    • Wash your eyes right away with gently flowing water for at least 15 minutes.
    • Call your healthcare provider if you get a skin reaction or if you get the medicine in your eyes.
  • If you take too much HYCAMTIN, contact your healthcare provider right away.
  • If you forget to take HYCAMTIN at any time, do not double the dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Wait and take the next scheduled dose. Let your healthcare provider know that you missed a dose.
  • If you vomit after taking your HYCAMTIN, do not take another dose on the same day. Let your healthcare provider know right away that you have vomited.

What should I avoid while taking HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN may make you feel drowsy or sleepy both during and for several days after treatment. If you feel tired or weak, do not drive and do not use heavy tools or operate machinery.

What are the possible side effects of HYCAMTIN capsules?

HYCAMTIN can cause serious side effects including:

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about HYCAMTIN capsules?”
  • Lung problems that can cause death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have new or worse symptoms of coughing, fever, shortness of breath, or problems breathing. Your healthcare provider may tell you to stop taking HYCAMTIN capsules.

The following side effects have been reported in patients taking HYCAMTIN capsules:

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away. Your healthcare provider may change your dose of HYCAMTIN to a dose that is better for you or may stop your treatment with HYCAMTIN for a while. This can help reduce the side effects and may keep them from getting worse. Let your healthcare provider know if this helps or does not help your side effects.

These are not all of the possible side effects of HYCAMTIN capsules. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1- 800-FDA-1088.

How should I store HYCAMTIN capsules?

  • Store HYCAMTIN capsules in a refrigerator between 36° to 46°F (2° and 8°C).
  • Keep the bottle of HYCAMTIN capsules in the carton that it comes in to protect it from light.
  • Dispose of HYCAMTIN capsules that are out of date or no longer needed.
  • Keep HYCAMTIN capsules and all other medicines out of the reach of children.

What are the ingredients in HYCAMTIN capsules?

Active Ingredient: Topotecan

Inactive Ingredients: Hydrogenated vegetable oil, glyceryl monostearate, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The 1 mg capsules also contain red iron oxide. The capsules are imprinted with edible black ink.

HYCAMTIN® (topotecan)  capsules - Illustration

(capsules shown larger than actual size)

General information about HYCAMTIN capsules

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in Patient Information leaflets. Only your doctor knows what treatment is best for you. Do not use HYCAMTIN capsules for a condition for which it was not prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not give HYCAMTIN capsules to other people, even if they have the same condition that you have. It may harm them.

This leaflet summarizes the most important information about HYCAMTIN capsules. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about HYCAMTIN capsules that is written for health professionals. For more information you can call toll-free 1-888-825-5249 or visit www.gsk.com.

This patient information leaflet has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Disclaimer

Hycamtin Consumer

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

TOPOTECAN - INJECTION

(TOE-poe-TEE-kan)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Hycamtin

WARNING: Topotecan may cause very serious (possibly fatal) blood disorders (decreased bone marrow function leading to low number of blood cells such as white cells, red cells, and platelets). This effect can decrease your body's ability to fight an infection, cause your body to bruise or bleed easier, or cause anemia. Tell your doctor if you develop any of the following conditions: signs of an infection (such as fever, persistent sore throat), easy bruising/bleeding, unusual tiredness, fast/pounding heartbeat.

You will be closely monitored (e.g., with frequent blood tests) by your doctor while using this medication. Keep all medical and laboratory appointments.

USES: This medication is used to treat cancer of the ovaries or lungs when other treatments have not been successful. It is also used with another medication (cisplatin) to treat cancer of the cervix.

OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.

This medication may also be used to treat other types of cancer (such as bone cancer).

HOW TO USE: This medication is given by injection into a vein by a health care professional. The dosage is based on your medical condition, body size, laboratory tests, and response to treatment.

If this medication comes into contact with your skin, wash the skin immediately and completely with soap and water. If this medication gets into your eyes, mouth, or nose, flush completely with plenty of water. Consult your doctor for more information.

Disclaimer

Hycamtin Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warning section.

Weakness, tiredness, headache, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and mouth sores may occur. Nausea and vomiting can be severe. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medication to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting. Eating several small meals, not eating before treatment, or limiting activity may help lessen some of these effects. If these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Temporary hair loss may occur. Normal hair growth should return after treatment has ended.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: pain/redness/bruising at injection site, numbness/tingling of the arms/legs, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine, lung problems (such as cough, shortness of breath).

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the Hycamtin (topotecan hydrochloride) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

PRECAUTIONS: Before using topotecan, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain immune system problem (neutropenia).

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood/bone marrow disorders (e.g., low platelet/white blood cell/red blood cell levels), kidney disease, liver disease.

This drug may make you weak or tired. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

Wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infections.

Do not have immunizations/vaccinations without the consent of your doctor, and avoid contact with people who have recently received oral polio vaccine or flu vaccine inhaled through the nose.

To lower the chance of getting cut, bruised or injured, use caution with sharp objects like safety razors and nail cutters, and avoid activities such as contact sports.

Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, elderly people may be at greater risk for side effects while using this drug.

This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. Therefore, it is important to prevent pregnancy while taking this medication. Consult your doctor for more details and to discuss using at least 2 reliable forms of birth control (e.g., condoms, birth control pills) while taking this medication. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor immediately.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Because of the possible risk to the infant, breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Disclaimer

Hycamtin Consumer (continued)

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: phenytoin.

Avoid eating foods or taking products containing tumeric (curcumin) while being treated with topotecan. It may decrease this medication's effects. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: signs of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat, fever), easy bruising/bleeding, unusual tiredness, fast/pounding heartbeat.

NOTES: Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., complete blood count, ANC, kidney/liver function) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

MISSED DOSE: For the best possible benefit, it is important to receive each dose of this medication as scheduled. If you miss a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist immediately to establish a new dosing schedule.

STORAGE: Not applicable. This medication is given in a clinic and will not be stored at home.

MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For information about enrolling in MedicAlert, call 1-800-854-1166 (USA) or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).

Information last revised October 2010. Copyright(c) 2010 First Databank, Inc.

Hycamtin Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Hycamtin

Generic Name: topotecan (Pronunciation: TOE poe TEE kan)

What is topotecan (Hycamtin)?

Topotecan is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body.

Topotecan is used to treat ovarian cancer, small cell lung cancer, and certain types of cervical cancer.

Topotecan may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of topotecan (Hycamtin)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • wheezing, feeling short of breath, chest pain, dry cough;
  • fever, chills, flu symptoms, mouth and throat ulcers, rapid and shallow breathing, fainting;
  • pale skin, feeling light-headed, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating;
  • easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin;
  • diarrhea with fever and stomach cramps;
  • pain or burning when you urinate; or
  • skin changes or severe irritation where the needle is placed.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • nausea, diarrhea, vomiting;
  • tired feeling; or
  • temporary hair loss.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Hycamtin (topotecan hydrochloride) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

What is the most important information I should know about topotecan (Hycamtin)?

Topotecan can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections. This can make it easier for you to bleed from an injury or get sick from being around others who are ill. Your blood may need to be tested often. Visit your doctor regularly.

Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Tell your doctor at once if you develop signs of infection.

Do not receive a "live" vaccine while using topotecan, and avoid coming into contact with anyone who has recently received a live vaccine. There is a chance that the virus could be passed on to you.

Call your doctor at once if you have fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding, severe diarrhea with fever or stomach pain, unusual weakness, white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips, or other signs of infection.

Side Effects Centers

Hycamtin Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using topotecan (Hycamtin)?

You should not use topotecan if you have:

  • severe bone marrow depression; or
  • if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

To make sure you can safely use topotecan, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

  • kidney disease;
  • lung disease or lung cancer; or
  • if you have had a chest x-ray or radiation treatment of your chest area.

FDA pregnancy category D. Do not use topotecan if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.

It is not known whether topotecan passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are using topotecan.

How should I use topotecan (Hycamtin)?

Use exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Topotecan is usually given once daily for 5 days in a row. This treatment is then repeated every 21 days, usually for at least 4 treatments. It may take several weeks for your body to respond to the medication.

Topotecan capsules are taken by mouth. You may need to take two different colored capsules at one time. Make sure you know the difference between capsules because one contains 4 times as much topotecan as the other, even though they may look the same in size.

Take the topotecan capsule with a full glass (8 ounces) of water. You may take the medicine with or without food.

If you vomit after taking a topotecan capsule, do not take another dose that same day. Call your doctor for instructions.

Do not crush or break a topotecan capsule, or use a capsule that has been accidentally broken. The medicine from a broken capsule can be dangerous if it gets in your eyes or on your skin. If this occurs, wash your skin with soap and water or rinse the eyes for at least 15 minutes with plain water. Ask your doctor or pharmacist how to safely handle and dispose of a broken tablet or capsule.

Store topotecan capsules in the refrigerator and protect them from light.

Topotecan injection is injected into a vein through an IV. You will receive this injection in a clinic or hospital setting. Topotecan must be given slowly, and the IV infusion can take up to 30 minutes to complete.

Tell your doctor right away if any of this medicine gets on your skin during the injection. If this does happen, the exposed skin should be rinsed thoroughly with soap and warm water.

Topotecan can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections. This can make it easier for you to bleed from an injury or get sick from being around others who are ill. Your blood may need to be tested often. Visit your doctor regularly.

Side Effects Centers

Hycamtin Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Hycamtin)?

Call your doctor for instructions if you miss any of your topotecan doses.

What happens if I overdose (Hycamtin)?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose can cause bone marrow depression (fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, sores or white patches in your mouth, or other signs of infection).

What should I avoid while using topotecan (Hycamtin)?

Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Tell your doctor at once if you develop signs of infection.

Do not receive a "live" vaccine while using topotecan, and avoid coming into contact with anyone who has recently received a live vaccine. There is a chance that the virus could be passed on to you. Live vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), oral polio, typhoid, chickenpox (varicella), BCG (Bacillus Calmette and Guérin), and nasal flu vaccine.

Topotecan may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

What other drugs will affect topotecan (Hycamtin)?

Tell your doctor about all other cancer medicines you use, especially:

  • filgrastim (Neupogen), pegfilgrastim (Neulasta), or sargramostim (Leukine); or
  • cisplatin (Platinol), carboplatin (Paraplatin), or oxaliplatin (Eloxatin).

This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with topotecan. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about topotecan.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 4.01. Revision date: 3/1/2011.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read,understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement,which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

Healthwise

Side Effects Centers

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