Hydrocodone and Chlorpheniramine (Tussionex)
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Hydrocodone and Chlorpheniramine (Tussionex)

Tussionex (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) ®
Pennkinetic®

(hydrocodone polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex) Extended-Release Suspension

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Each teaspoonful (5 mL) of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension contains hydrocodone polistirex equivalent to 10 mg of hydrocodone bitartrate and chlorpheniramine polistirex equivalent to 8 mg of chlorpheniramine maleate. TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended- Release Suspension provides up to 12-hour relief per dose. Hydrocodone is a centrally-acting narcotic antitussive. Chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine. TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended- Release Suspension is for oral use only.

Hydrocodone Polistirex

Sulfonated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer complex with 4,5α-epoxy-3-methoxy-17- methylmorphinan-6-one.

Hydrocodone polistirex structural formula illustration

Chlorpheniramine Polistirex

Sulfonated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer complex with 2-[p-chloro-α-[2- (dimethylamino)ethyl]-benzyl]pyridine.

Chlorpheniramine Polistirex structural formula illustration

Inactive Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, D&C Yellow No. 10, ethylcellulose, FD&C Yellow No. 6, flavor, high fructose corn syrup, methylparaben, polyethylene glycol 3350, polysorbate 80, pregelatinized starch, propylene glycol, propylparaben, purified water, sucrose, vegetable oil, xanthan gum.

What are the possible side effects of chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (HyTan, Novasus, S-T Forte 2, TussiCaps, Tussionex PennKinetic)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • weak or shallow breathing;
  • chest tightness;
  • painful urination;
  • urinating less than usual or not at all; or
  • confusion, hallucinations, or unusual behavior.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • dizziness,...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Tussionex »

What are the precautions when taking hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine (Tussionex)?

Before taking this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to hydrocodone or chlorpheniramine; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, croup), certain brain disorders (such as seizures, head injury, tumor, increased intracranial pressure), stomach/intestinal problems ( such as blockage, ileus, chronic constipation, Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea), glaucoma (narrow-angle), difficulty urinating (such as due to enlarged prostate or urethral stricture), personal or family history of...

Read All Potential Precautions of Tussionex »

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

INDICATIONS

TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is indicated for relief of cough and upper respiratory symptoms associated with allergy or a cold in adults and children 6 years of age and older.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

It is important that TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) is measured with an accurate measuring device (see PRECAUTIONS, Information for Patients). A household teaspoon is not an accurate measuring device and could lead to overdosage, especially when half a teaspoon is to be measured. It is strongly recommended that an accurate measuring device be used. A pharmacist can provide an appropriate measuring device and can provide instructions for measuring the correct dose.

Shake well before using.

Adults and Children 12 Years and Older

5 mL (1 teaspoonful) every 12 hours; do not exceed 10 mL (2 teaspoonfuls) in 24 hours.

Children 6-11Years of Age

2.5 mL (½ teaspoonful) every 12 hours; do not exceed 5 mL (1 teaspoonful) in 24 hours.

This medicine is contraindicated in children under 6 years of age (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

HOW SUPPLIED

TUSSIONEX Pennkinetic (hydrocodone polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex) Extended- Release Suspension is a gold-colored suspension.

NDC 53014-548-67 473 mL bottle

For Medical Information

Contact: Medical Affairs Department
Phone: (866) 822-0068
Fax: (770) 970-8859

Storage:

Shake well. Dispense in a well-closed container.

Store at 20-25°C (68-77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension Manufactured for: UCB, Inc. Smyrna, GA 30080. Rev. 01/2008. FDA rev date: 3/11/2008

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

SIDE EFFECTS

Gastrointestinal Disorders

Nausea and vomiting may occur; they are more frequent in ambulatory than in recumbent patients. Prolonged administration of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension may produce constipation.

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions

Death

Nervous System Disorders

Sedation, drowsiness, mental clouding, lethargy, impairment of mental and physical performance, anxiety, fear, dysphoria, euphoria, dizziness, psychic dependence, mood changes.

Renal and Urinary Disorders

Ureteral spasm, spasm of vesical sphincters, and urinary retention have been reported with opiates.

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders

Dryness of the pharynx, occasional tightness of the chest, and respiratory depression (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension may produce dose-related respiratory depression by acting directly on brain stem respiratory centers (see OVERDOSAGE). Use of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension in children less than 6 years of age has been associated with fatal respiratory depression. Overdose with TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension in children 6 years of age and older, in adolescents, and in adults has been associated with fatal respiratory depression.

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders

Rash, pruritus.

DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is a Schedule III narcotic. Psychic dependence, physical dependence and tolerance may develop upon repeated administration of narcotics; therefore, TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension should be prescribed and administered with caution. However, psychic dependence is unlikely to develop when TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is used for a short time for the treatment of cough. Physical dependence, the condition in which continued administration of the drug is required to prevent the appearance of a withdrawal syndrome, assumes clinically significant proportions only after several weeks of continued oral narcotic use, although some mild degree of physical dependence may develop after a few days of narcotic therapy.

Read the Tussionex (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Patients receiving narcotics, antihistaminics, antipsychotics, antianxiety agents, or other CNS depressants (including alcohol) concomitantly with TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension may exhibit an additive CNS depression. When combined therapy is contemplated, the dose of one or both agents should be reduced.

The use of MAO inhibitors or tricyclic antidepressants with hydrocodone preparations may increase the effect of either the antidepressant or hydrocodone.

The concurrent use of other anticholinergics with hydrocodone may produce paralytic ileus.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

WARNINGS

Respiratory Depression

As with all narcotics, TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension produces dose- related respiratory depression by directly acting on brain stem respiratory centers. Hydrocodone affects the center that controls respiratory rhythm and may produce irregular and periodic breathing. Caution should be exercised when TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is used postoperatively and in patients with pulmonary disease, or whenever ventilatory function is depressed. If respiratory depression occurs, it may be antagonized by the use of naloxone hydrochloride and other supportive measures when indicated (see OVERDOSAGE).

Head Injury and Increased Intracranial Pressure

The respiratory depressant effects of narcotics and their capacity to elevate cerebrospinal fluid pressure may be markedly exaggerated in the presence of head injury, other intracranial lesions, or a pre-existing increase in intracranial pressure. Furthermore, narcotics produce adverse reactions, which may obscure the clinical course of patients with head injuries.

Acute Abdominal Conditions

The administration of narcotics may obscure the diagnosis or clinical course of patients with acute abdominal conditions.

Obstructive Bowel Disease

Chronic use of narcotics may result in obstructive bowel disease especially in patients with underlying intestinal motility disorder.

Pediatric Use

The use of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is contraindicated in children less than 6 years of age (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

In pediatric patients, as well as adults, the respiratory center is sensitive to the depressant action of narcotic cough suppressants in a dose-dependent manner. Caution should be exercised when administering TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension to pediatric patients 6 years of age and older. Overdose or concomitant administration of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension with other respiratory depressants may increase the risk of respiratory depression in pediatric patients. Benefit to risk ratio should be carefully considered, especially in pediatric patients with respiratory embarrassment (e.g., croup) (see PRECAUTIONS).

PRECAUTIONS

General

Caution is advised when prescribing this drug to patients with narrow-angle glaucoma, asthma, or prostatic hypertrophy.

Special Risk Patients

As with any narcotic agent, TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension should be used with caution in elderly or debilitated patients and those with severe impairment of hepatic or renal function, hypothyroidism, Addison's disease, prostatic hypertrophy, or urethral stricture. The usual precautions should be observed and the possibility of respiratory depression should be kept in mind.

Cough Reflex

Hydrocodone suppresses the cough reflex; as with all narcotics, caution should be exercised when TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is used postoperatively, and in patients with pulmonary disease.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and reproductive studies have not been conducted with TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects - Pregnancy Category C

Hydrocodone has been shown to be teratogenic in hamsters when given in doses 700 times the human dose. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Nonteratogenic Effects

Babies born to mothers who have been taking opioids regularly prior to delivery will be physically dependent. The withdrawal signs include irritability and excessive crying, tremors, hyperactive reflexes, increased respiratory rate, increased stools, sneezing, yawning, vomiting, and fever. The intensity of the syndrome does not always correlate with the duration of maternal opioid use or dose.

Labor and Delivery

As with all narcotics, administration of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension to the mother shortly before delivery may result in some degree of respiratory depression in the newborn, especially if higher doses are used.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

The use of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is contraindicated in children less than 6 years of age (see CONTRAINDICATIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS, Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders).

TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension should be used with caution in pediatric patients 6 years of age and older (see WARNINGS, Pediatric Use).

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OVERDOSE

Signs and Symptoms

Serious overdosage with hydrocodone is characterized by respiratory depression (a decrease in respiratory rate and/or tidal volume, Cheyne-Stokes respiration, cyanosis), extreme somnolence progressing to stupor or coma, skeletal muscle flaccidity, cold and clammy skin, and sometimes bradycardia and hypotension. Although miosis is characteristic of narcotic overdose, mydriasis may occur in terminal narcosis or severe hypoxia. In severe overdosage apnea, circulatory collapse, cardiac arrest and death may occur. The manifestations of chlorpheniramine overdosage may vary from central nervous system depression to stimulation.

Treatment

Primary attention should be given to the reestablishment of adequate respiratory exchange through provision of a patent airway and the institution of assisted or controlled ventilation. The narcotic antagonist naloxone hydrochloride is a specific antidote for respiratory depression which may result from overdosage or unusual sensitivity to narcotics including hydrocodone. Therefore, an appropriate dose of naloxone hydrochloride should be administered, preferably by the intravenous route, simultaneously with efforts at respiratory resuscitation. Since the duration of action of hydrocodone in this formulation may exceed that of the antagonist, the patient should be kept under continued surveillance and repeated doses of the antagonist should be administered as needed to maintain adequate respiration. For further information, see full prescribing information for naloxone hydrochloride. An antagonist should not be administered in the absence of clinically significant respiratory depression. Oxygen, intravenous fluids, vasopressors and other supportive measures should be employed as indicated. Gastric emptying may be useful in removing unabsorbed drug.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is contraindicated in patients with a known allergy or sensitivity to hydrocodone or chlorpheniramine.

The use of TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is contraindicated in children less than 6 years of age due to the risk of fatal respiratory depression.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Hydrocodone is a semisynthetic narcotic antitussive and analgesic with multiple actions qualitatively similar to those of codeine. The precise mechanism of action of hydrocodone and other opiates is not known; however, hydrocodone is believed to act directly on the cough center. In excessive doses, hydrocodone, like other opium derivatives, will depress respiration. The effects of hydrocodone in therapeutic doses on the cardiovascular system are insignificant. Hydrocodone can produce miosis, euphoria, and physical and psychological dependence.

Chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine drug (H1 receptor antagonist) that also possesses anticholinergic and sedative activity. It prevents released histamine from dilating capillaries and causing edema of the respiratory mucosa.

Hydrocodone release from TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension is controlled by the Pennkinetic System, an extended-release drug delivery system, which combines an ion- exchange polymer matrix with a diffusion rate-limiting permeable coating. Chlorpheniramine release is prolonged by use of an ion-exchange polymer system.

Following multiple dosing with TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension, hydrocodone mean (S.D.) peak plasma concentrations of 22.8 (5.9) ng/mL occurred at 3.4 hours. Chlorpheniramine mean (S.D.) peak plasma concentrations of 58.4 (14.7) ng/mL occurred at 6.3 hours following multiple dosing. Peak plasma levels obtained with an immediate-release syrup occurred at approximately 1.5 hours for hydrocodone and 2.8 hours for chlorpheniramine. The plasma half-lives of hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine have been reported to be approximately 4 and 16 hours, respectively.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

PATIENT INFORMATION

As with all narcotics, TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension may produce marked drowsiness and impair the mental and/or physical abilities required for the performance of potentially hazardous tasks such as driving a car or operating machinery; patients should be cautioned accordingly. TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension must not be diluted with fluids or mixed with other drugs as this may alter the resin-binding and change the absorption rate, possibly increasing the toxicity.

Patients should be advised to measure TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension with an accurate measuring device. A household teaspoon is not an accurate measuring device and could lead to overdosage, especially when a half a teaspoon is measured. A pharmacist can recommend an appropriate measuring device and can provide instructions for measuring the correct dose.

Shake well before using.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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PATIENT INFORMATION

As with all narcotics, TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension may produce marked drowsiness and impair the mental and/or physical abilities required for the performance of potentially hazardous tasks such as driving a car or operating machinery; patients should be cautioned accordingly. TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension must not be diluted with fluids or mixed with other drugs as this may alter the resin-binding and change the absorption rate, possibly increasing the toxicity.

Patients should be advised to measure TUSSIONEX (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Pennkinetic Extended-Release Suspension with an accurate measuring device. A household teaspoon is not an accurate measuring device and could lead to overdosage, especially when a half a teaspoon is measured. A pharmacist can recommend an appropriate measuring device and can provide instructions for measuring the correct dose.

Shake well before using.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/19/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Disclaimer

Tussionex Consumer

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

HYDROCODONE/CHLORPHENIRAMINE POLISTIREX ER SUSPENSION - ORAL

(HYE-droe-KOE-done/KLOR-fen-IR-a-meen POL-ee-STYE-rex)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Tussionex

USES: This combination product is used to treat coughs and other symptoms caused by the common cold or allergies. This product contains 2 medications: hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine. Hydrocodone is a narcotic cough suppressant (antitussive) that acts on a certain part of the brain (cough center) to reduce the urge to cough. Chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine that helps to relieve watery eyes, itchy eyes/nose/throat, runny nose, and sneezing.

Cough-and-cold products have not been shown to be safe or effective in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, this product is not recommended to treat cold symptoms in children younger than 6 years. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details about using your product safely.

These products do not cure or shorten the length of the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious side effects, carefully follow all dosage directions. Giving more than the recommended dose or using this medication along with other cough-and-cold products has resulted in serious (even fatal) side effects, including slowed/stopped breathing. Talk to the doctor or pharmacist before giving other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking enough fluids, using a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray). Do not use this product to make a child sleepy.

HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually every 12 hours or as directed by your doctor. Do not take this medication more often than every 12 hours. Doing so may increase the risk of serious (possibly fatal) breathing problems.

Shake the bottle well before each dose. Carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. Do not mix this medication with other liquids or medications. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects.

This medication may cause withdrawal reactions, especially if it has been used regularly for a long time or in high doses. In such cases, withdrawal symptoms (such as restlessness, sweating, uncontrolled movements, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) may occur if you suddenly stop using this medication. To prevent withdrawal reactions, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details, and report any withdrawal reactions immediately.

When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Your doctor may need to increase your dose or change your medication. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.

Along with its benefits, this medication may rarely cause abnormal drug-seeking behavior (addiction). This risk may be increased if you have abused alcohol or drugs in the past. Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lessen the risk of addiction.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Disclaimer

Tussionex Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Drowsiness, dizziness, nausea/vomiting, constipation, blurred vision, dry mouth/nose/throat may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

To relieve dry mouth, suck (sugarless) hard candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water, or use a saliva substitute. This medication can dry up and thicken mucus in your lungs, making it more difficult to breathe and clear your lungs. To help prevent this effect, drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

To prevent constipation, eat a diet adequate in fiber, drink plenty of water, and exercise. If you become constipated while using this drug, consult your pharmacist for help in selecting a laxative (such as stimulant-type with stool softener).

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: slow/shallow breathing, mental/mood changes (such as depression, agitation), trouble urinating.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: seizures, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the Tussionex (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

PRECAUTIONS: Before taking this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to hydrocodone or chlorpheniramine; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, croup), certain brain disorders (such as seizures, head injury, tumor, increased intracranial pressure), stomach/intestinal problems ( such as blockage, ileus, chronic constipation, Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea), glaucoma (narrow-angle), difficulty urinating (such as due to enlarged prostate or urethral stricture), personal or family history of regular use/abuse of drugs/alcohol, kidney disease, liver disease, gallbladder disease, underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), adrenal gland problem (such as Addison's disease), disease of the pancreas (such as pancreatitis), mental/mood disorders (such as toxic psychosis), heart problems (such as irregular heartbeat), a certain spinal problem (kyphoscoliosis).

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.

To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

This medication may contain sugar. If you have diabetes, ask your doctor or pharmacist how to use this product safely.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness, drowsiness, breathing problems, and trouble urinating.

Children may be more sensitive to the side effects of hydrocodone, especially breathing problems. Children may also be more sensitive to the effects of chlorpheniramine. In young children, antihistamines may cause agitation/excitement instead of drowsiness.

Before using this medication, women of childbearing age should talk with their doctor(s) about the risks and benefits. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or if you plan to become pregnant. During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. It may slightly increase the risk of birth defects if used during the first two months of pregnancy. Using it during the last 3 months of pregnancy is not recommended because of possible harm to the unborn baby. To lessen the risk, take the smallest effective dose for the shortest possible time. Tell the doctor right away if you notice any symptoms in your newborn baby such as slow/shallow breathing, irritability, abnormal/persistent crying, vomiting, or diarrhea.

It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk or may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Tell the doctor immediately if your baby develops unusual sleepiness, difficulty feeding, or trouble breathing. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Disclaimer

Tussionex Consumer (continued)

DRUG INTERACTIONS: The effects of some drugs can change if you take other drugs or herbal products at the same time. This can increase your risk for serious side effects or may cause your medications not to work correctly. These drug interactions are possible, but do not always occur. Your doctor or pharmacist can often prevent or manage interactions by changing how you use your medications or by close monitoring.

To help your doctor and pharmacist give you the best care, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) before starting treatment with this product. While using this product, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any other medicines you are using without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: anticholinergic drugs (such as benztropine, belladonna alkaloids, scopolamine), antihistamines applied to the skin (such as diphenhydramine cream, ointment, spray), cimetidine, MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine), naltrexone, tricyclic antidepressants (such as amitriptyline, desipramine).

The risk of serious side effects (such as slow/shallow breathing, severe drowsiness/dizziness) may be increased if this medication is taken with other products that may also affect breathing or cause drowsiness. Therefore, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products such as alcohol, certain antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), medicine for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or other cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.

This product may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including allergy skin testing, amylase/lipase levels), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use. Share this list with your doctor and pharmacist to lessen your risk for serious medication problems.

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: slow/shallow breathing, severe drowsiness/dizziness, mental/mood changes (such as confusion, agitation), cold/clammy skin, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, seizures.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others. It is against the law.

MISSED DOSE: If you are prescribed this medication on a regular schedule and miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Store at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Brief storage between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) is permitted. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Information last revised October 2011. Copyright(c) 2011 First Databank, Inc.

Tussionex Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: HyTan, Novasus, S-T Forte 2, TussiCaps, Tussionex PennKinetic

Generic Name: chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Pronunciation: KLOR fen IR a meen and HYE droe KOE done)

What is chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Tussionex)?

Chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine that reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose.

Hydrocodone is a narcotic cough suppressant.

The combination of chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone is used to treat runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, and cough caused by the common cold or flu.

Chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

TussiCaps-8 mg-10 mg

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What are the possible side effects of chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Tussionex)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • weak or shallow breathing;
  • chest tightness;
  • painful urination;
  • urinating less than usual or not at all; or
  • confusion, hallucinations, or unusual behavior.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • dizziness, drowsiness, trouble concentrating;
  • mood changes, anxiety;
  • blurred vision;
  • constipation, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite;
  • dry mouth or throat;
  • sweating; or
  • mild itching or skin rash.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Tussionex (hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

What is the most important information I should know about chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Tussionex)?

Do not take this medication more often than prescribed. An overdose of chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone can cause life-threatening side effects.

Before you take chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone, tell your doctor if you have asthma or another breathing disorder, a history of head injury or brain tumor, stomach or intestinal problems, liver or kidney disease, glaucoma, urination problems or an enlarged prostate, Addison's disease, or underactive thyroid.

Chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

Avoid drinking alcohol while using chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone. Alcohol may increase drowsiness and dizziness.

Hydrocodone may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. This medication should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.

Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 6 years old.

Side Effects Centers

Tussionex Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Tussionex)?

You should not take this medication if you are allergic to chlorpheniramine or hydrocodone.

Before taking chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:

  • asthma or other breathing disorder;
  • a history of head injury or brain tumor;
  • stomach or intestinal problems;
  • liver or kidney disease;
  • glaucoma;
  • urination problems or an enlarged prostate;
  • Addison's disease; or
  • underactive thyroid.

If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take this medication.

FDA pregnancy category C. Chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone may be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.

It is not known whether chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not take this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Older adults may be more likely to have side effects from this medicine.

Do not give chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone to a child younger than 6 years old.

How should I take chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Tussionex)?

Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Do not take this medication more often than you doctor has prescribed. An overdose of chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone can cause life-threatening side effects.

Shake the oral solution (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. To be sure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid carefully with a marked measuring spoon or syringe, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Do not mix this medicine with any other liquid before taking it.

Chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone can be taken with food if it upsets your stomach.

Store chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Hydrocodone may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. This medication should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.

Side Effects Centers

Tussionex Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Tussionex)?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take only the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of this medication.

What happens if I overdose (Tussionex)?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. An overdose of chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone can be fatal, especially to a child.

Overdose symptoms may include dry mouth, cold and clammy skin, flushing, large pupils, nausea, vomiting, severe dizziness or drowsiness, seizure (convulsions), shallow breathing, slow heart rate, blue colored skin, feeling light-headed, or fainting.

What should I avoid while taking chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Tussionex)?

This medication can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

Avoid drinking alcohol while using chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone. Alcohol may increase drowsiness and dizziness.

What other drugs will affect chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone (Tussionex)?

Narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression or anxiety can add to sleepiness caused by chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone. Tell your doctor if you regularly use any of these medicines, or any other cold or allergy medicine.

Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially:

  • atropine (Donnatal, and others), benztropine (Cogentin), dimenhydrinate (Dramamine), methscopolamine (Pamine), or scopolamine (Transderm-Scop);
  • bronchodilators such as ipratroprium (Atrovent) or tiotropium (Spiriva);
  • glycopyrrolate (Robinul);
  • mepenzolate (Cantil);
  • bladder or urinary medications such as darifenacin (Enablex), flavoxate (Urispas), oxybutynin (Ditropan, Oxytrol), tolterodine (Detrol), or solifenacin (Vesicare);
  • irritable bowel medications such as dicyclomine (Bentyl), hyoscyamine (Anaspaz, Cystospaz, Levsin, and others), or propantheline (Pro-Banthine); or
  • an MAO inhibitor such as isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), rasagiline (Azilect), selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam), or tranylcypromine (Parnate).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 2.05. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

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