تری پاراتاید
Teriparatide (rDNA origin) Injection (Forteo)
تری پاراتاید

نام ژنریک

Teriparatide

شکل دارویی

اشكال دارويي:


Injection: 250 mcg/ml, 3ml

موارد مصرف

موارد و مقدار مصرف


به منظور درمان استئوپروزيس در خانمهاي يائسه که ريسک بالايي براي شکستگي دارند، به منظور افزايش توده استخوان در مردان مبتلا به هايپوگناديسم که ريسک بالايي براي شکستگي دارند


بزرگسالان: mcg 20 روزانه به صورت زير پوستي در بازو يا شکم.

موارد منع مصرف

موارد منع مصرف و احتياط


موارد منع مصرف: در حساسيت مفرط شناخته شده نسبت به دارو، بيماراني که در خطر ابتلا به استئوسارکوما هستند مانند مبتلايان به بيماري پاژه افزايش بدون علت آلکالين فسفاتاز، کودکان و بيماراني که تحت راديوتراپي استخوان قرار گرفته‌اند. در بيماراني که متاستاز به استخوان دارند، همچنين سابقه بدخيمي استخواني يا بيماري متابوليک استخوان به غير از استئوپروزيس. در بيماران با هايپرکلسمي از مصرف بيش از 2 سال خودداري کنيد.


موارد احتياط: در بيماران مبتلا به سنگ کليه حاد يا سابقه سنگ کليه و بيماران کليوي کبدي و قلبي با احتياط استفاده نماييد.

عوارض جانبی دارو

عوارض جانبي


اعصاب مرکزي: آتاكسي، سرگيجه، خستگي، سردرد، بي‌خوابي، سنكوپ، افسردگي، ضعف.


قلبي ـ عروقي: آنژين صدري، افت فشارخون وضعيتي، هايپرتنشن.


چشم، دهان، مجراي گوش: فارنژيت، رينيت.


دستگاه گوارش: يبوست، اسهال، سوءهاضمه، تهوع، استفراغ.


تنفسي: تنگي نفس، افزايش سرفه، پنوموني.


پوست: راش، عرق ريزش.


عضلاني ـ اسکلتي: آرترالژي، کرامپ پا.


ساير عوارض: درد گردن، درد، اختلالات دنداني.


مسموميت و درمان


تظاهرات باليني: اگرچه مسموميت تاکنون گزارش نشده است مصرف بيش از حد مي‌تواند منجر به اثرات هايپرکلسميک، افت فشارخون وضعيتي، تهوع ، استفراغ، گيجي و سردرد شود.


درمان: درمان شامل قطع کردن دارو، ارزيابي سطح کلسيم و فسفر و درمان‌هاي حمايتي مي‌شود.

موارد قابل توجه

-

تداخل دارویی

تداخل دارويي


همزمان با مکمل‌هاي کلسيم ممکن است باعث افزايش ترشح کلسيم در کليه شود. بهتر دوز کلسيم تنظيم شود.


افزايش غلظت کلسيم ممکن است بيمار را به مسموميت با ديگوگسين مستعد نمايد.

مکانیزم اثر

تداخل دارويي


همزمان با مکمل‌هاي کلسيم ممکن است باعث افزايش ترشح کلسيم در کليه شود. بهتر دوز کلسيم تنظيم شود.


افزايش غلظت کلسيم ممکن است بيمار را به مسموميت با ديگوگسين مستعد نمايد.

فارماكوكینتیك

فارماكوكينتيك


جذب: به سرعت و کامل جذب مي‌شود و پيک غلظت سرمي 30 دقيقه بعد از تزريق بدست مي‌آيد. فراهم زيستي حدود 95 درصد است.


پخش: نامشخص است.


متابوليسم: براي اين دارو نامشخص است اما هورمون اصلي در کبد متابوليزه مي‌شود.


دفع: براي اين دارو نامشخص است اما هورمون اصلي در کليه ترشح مي‌شود. حذف بسيار سريع است و نيمه‌ عمر حدود 1 ساعت و طول اثر حدود 3 ساعت است.

سایر اطلاعات

طبقه‌بندي فارماكولوژيك: هورمون پاراتيروئيد نوتركيب انساني.


طبقه‌بندي درماني : ضد استئوپروزيس.


طبقه‌بندي مصرف در بارداري: رده C


نام‌هاي تجاري: Forteo


ملاحظات اختصاصي


توجه: با توجه به احتمال افزايش ريسک استئوسارکوما مي‌بايست مزاياي درمان و مقابل خطرات آن بررسي شود.


1- بيمار را از جهت بروز ارتوستاتيک هايپوتنشن مانيتور نماييد بيشترين ميزان عوارض 4 ساعت بعد از تزريق بروز مي‌کند.


2- غلظت خوني کلسيم را مانيتور نماييد و در صورت بروز هايپرکلسمي مقاوم درمان را قطع کنيد.


نكات قابل توصيه به بيمار


1- بيمار را از نظر نحوه استفاده از سرنگ از پيش پر شده آموزش دهيد.


2- به بيمار گوشزد کنيد نبايد به صورت مشترک از دارو با ديگران استفاده کنيد.


3- به بيمار توصيه کنيد که اگر تپش قلب، گيجي و احساس سبکي در سر بروز کرد بنشيند يا دراز بکشد همچنين در صورت تداوم علائم به پزشک اطلاع دهد.


4- به بيمار بياموزيد تا اگر علائم هايپرکلسمي که شامل تهوع، استفراغ، يبوست، لتارژي و ضعف عضلاني مي‌باشد به صورت مداوم بروز کرد به پزشک اطلاع دهد.


مصرف در سالمندان: اثربخشي و امنيت دارو در جوانان و افراد مسن مشابه است.


مصرف در كودكان: اثربخشي و امنيت دارو در مورد کودکان اثبات نشده است.


مصرف در شيردهي: در دوران شيردهي توصيه نمي‌شود.


مصرف در بارداري: مصرف در دوران حاملگي توصيه نمي‌شود.


اثر بر آزمايشهاي تشخيصي


ممکن است باعث افزايش غلظت کلسيم و اوريک‌اسيد و کاهش غلظت فسفر خون شود.


ممکن است باعث افزايش ترشح کليوي کلسيم و فسفر شود.

Teriparatide (rDNA origin) Injection (Forteo)

FORTEO
(teriparatide [rDNA origin]) Injection

WARNING

POTENTIAL RISK OF OSTEOSARCOMA

In male and female rats, teriparatide caused an increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma (a malignant bone tumor) that was dependent on dose and treatment duration. The effect was observed at systemic exposures to teriparatide ranging from 3 to 60 times the exposure in humans given a 20-mcg dose. Because of the uncertain relevance of the rat osteosarcoma finding to humans, prescribe FORTEO® only for patients for whom the potential benefits are considered to outweigh the potential risk. FORTEO should not be prescribed for patients who are at increased baseline risk for osteosarcoma (including those with Paget's disease of bone or unexplained elevations of alkaline phosphatase, pediatric and young adult patients with open epiphyses, or prior external beam or implant radiation therapy involving the skeleton) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, ADVERSE REACTIONS, and Nonclinical Toxicology].

DRUG DESCRIPTION

FORTEO (teriparatide [rDNA origin] injection) contains recombinant human parathyroid hormone (1-34), and is also called rhPTH (1-34). It has an identical sequence to the 34 N-terminal amino acids (the biologically active region) of the 84-amino acid human parathyroid hormone.

Teriparatide has a molecular weight of 4117.8 daltons and its amino acid sequence is shown below:

FORTEO (teriparatide [rDNA origin]) Structural Formula Illustration

Teriparatide (rDNA origin) is manufactured using a strain of Escherichia coli modified by recombinant DNA technology. FORTEO is supplied as a sterile, colorless, clear, isotonic solution in a glass cartridge which is pre-assembled into a disposable delivery device (pen) for subcutaneous injection. Each prefilled delivery device is filled with 2.7 mL to deliver 2.4 mL. Each mL contains 250 mcg teriparatide (corrected for acetate, chloride, and water content), 0.41 mg glacial acetic acid, 0.1 mg sodium acetate (anhydrous), 45.4 mg mannitol, 3 mg Metacresol, and Water for Injection. In addition, hydrochloric acid solution 10% and/or sodium hydroxide solution 10% may have been added to adjust the product to pH 4.

Each cartridge, pre-assembled into a delivery device, delivers 20 mcg of teriparatide per dose each day for up to 28 days.

What are the possible side effects of teriparatide (Forteo)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using teriparatide and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • feeling light-headed or fainting every time you inject this medicine;
  • fast or pounding heartbeats every time you inject this medicine; or
  • nausea, vomiting, constipation, and muscle weakness.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • mild dizziness;
  • pain, redness,...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Forteo »

What are the precautions when taking teriparatide (rdna origin) injection (Forteo)?

See also Warning section.

Before using teriparatide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: other bone disorders (such as bone cancer), high level of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), kidney stones.

This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising...

Read All Potential Precautions of Forteo »

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

INDICATIONS

Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

FORTEO is indicated for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, multiple risk factors for fracture, or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy. In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, FORTEO reduces the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures [see Clinical Studies].

Increase of Bone Mass in Men with Primary or Hypogonadal Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

FORTEO is indicated to increase bone mass in men with primary or hypogonadal osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, multiple risk factors for fracture, or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy [see Clinical Studies].

Treatment of Men and Women with Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

FORTEO is indicated for the treatment of men and women with osteoporosis associated with sustained systemic glucocorticoid therapy (daily dosage equivalent to 5 mg or greater of prednisone) at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, multiple risk factors for fracture, or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy [see Clinical Studies].

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

The recommended dose is 20 mcg subcutaneously once a day.

Increase of Bone Mass in Men with Primary or Hypogonadal Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

The recommended dose is 20 mcg subcutaneously once a day.

Treatment of Men and Women with Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis at High Risk for Fracture

The recommended dose is 20 mcg subcutaneously once a day.

Administration

  • FORTEO should be administered as a subcutaneous injection into the thigh or abdominal wall. There are no data available on the safety or efficacy of intravenous or intramuscular injection of FORTEO.
  • FORTEO should be administered initially under circumstances in which the patient can sit or lie down if symptoms of orthostatic hypotension occur [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
  • Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. FORTEO is a clear and colorless liquid. Do not use if solid particles appear or if the solution is cloudy or colored.
  • Patients and caregivers who administer FORTEO should receive appropriate training and instruction on the proper use of the FORTEO delivery device from a qualified health professional [see PATIENT INFORMATION].

Treatment Duration

The safety and efficacy of FORTEO have not been evaluated beyond 2 years of treatment. Consequently, use of the drug for more than 2 years during a patient's lifetime is not recommended.

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Multi-dose prefilled delivery device (pen) for subcutaneous injection containing 28 daily doses of 20 mcg.

The FORTEO delivery device (pen) is available in the following package size:

2.4 mL prefilled delivery device NDC 0002-8400-01 (MS8400).

Storage and Handling

  • The FORTEO delivery device should be stored under refrigeration at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F) at all times.
  • Recap the delivery device when not in use to protect the cartridge from physical damage and light.
  • During the use period, time out of the refrigerator should be minimized; the dose may be delivered immediately following removal from the refrigerator.
  • Do not freeze. Do not use FORTEO if it has been frozen.

Revised: March 13, 2012. Marketed by: Lilly USA, LLC, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Treatment of Osteoporosis in Men and Postmenopausal Women

The safety of FORTEO in the treatment of osteoporosis in men and postmenopausal women was assessed in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of 1382 patients (21% men, 79% women) aged 28 to 86 years (mean 67 years). The median durations of the trials were 11 months for men and 19 months for women, with 691 patients exposed to FORTEO and 691 patients to placebo. All patients received 1000 mg of calcium plus at least 400 IU of vitamin D supplementation per day.

The incidence of all cause mortality was 1% in the FORTEO group and 1% in the placebo group. The incidence of serious adverse events was 16% in FORTEO patients and 19% in placebo patients. Early discontinuation due to adverse events occurred in 7% of FORTEO patients and 6% of placebo patients.

Table 1 lists adverse events from the two principal osteoporosis trials in men and postmenopausal women that occurred in ≥2% of FORTEO-treated and more frequently than placebo-treated patients.

Table 1: Percentage of Patients with Adverse Events Reported by at Least 2% of FORTEO-Treated Patients and in More FORTEO-Treated Patients than Placebo-Treated Patients from the Two Principal Osteoporosis Trials in Women and Men Adverse Events are Shown Without Attribution of Causality

Event Classification FORTEO
N=691
(%)
Placebo
N=691
(%)
Body as a Whole
Pain 21.3 20.5
Headache 7.5 7.4
Asthenia 8.7 6.8
Neck pain 3.0 2.7
Cardiovascular
Hypertension 7.1 6.8
Angina pectoris 2.5 1.6
Syncope 2.6 1.4
Digestive System
Nausea 8.5 6.7
Constipation 5.4 4.5
Diarrhea 5.1 4.6
Dyspepsia 5.2 4.1
Vomiting 3.0 2.3
Gastrointestinal disorder 2.3 2.0
Tooth disorder 2.0 1.3
Musculoskeletal
Arthralgia 10.1 8.4
Leg cramps 2.6 1.3
Nervous System
Dizziness 8.0 5.4
Depression 4.1 2.7
Insomnia 4.3 3.6
Vertigo 3.8 2.7
Respiratory System
Rhinitis 9.6 8.8
Cough increased 6.4 5.5
Pharyngitis 5.5 4.8
Dyspnea 3.6 2.6
Pneumonia 3.9 3.3
Skin and Appendages
Rash 4.9 4.5
Sweating 2.2 1.7

Immunogenicity — In the clinical trial, antibodies that cross-reacted with teriparatide were detected in 3% of women (15/541) receiving FORTEO. Generally, antibodies were first detected following 12 months of treatment and diminished after withdrawal of therapy. There was no evidence of hypersensitivity reactions or allergic reactions among these patients. Antibody formation did not appear to have effects on serum calcium, or on bone mineral density (BMD) response.

Laboratory Findings

Serum Calcium FORTEO transiently increased serum calcium, with the maximal effect observed at approximately 4 to 6 hours post-dose. Serum calcium measured at least 16 hours post-dose was not different from pretreatment levels. In clinical trials, the frequency of at least 1 episode of transient hypercalcemia in the 4 to 6 hours after FORTEO administration was increased from 2% of women and none of the men treated with placebo to 11% of women and 6% of men treated with FORTEO. The number of patients treated with FORTEO whose transient hypercalcemia was verified on consecutive measurements was 3% of women and 1% of men.

Urinary Calcium FORTEO increased urinary calcium excretion, but the frequency of hypercalciuria in clinical trials was similar for patients treated with FORTEO and placebo [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Serum Uric Acid FORTEO increased serum uric acid concentrations. In clinical trials, 3% of FORTEO patients had serum uric acid concentrations above the upper limit of normal compared with 1% of placebo patients. However, the hyperuricemia did not result in an increase in gout, arthralgia, or urolithiasis.

Renal Function No clinically important adverse renal effects were observed in clinical studies. Assessments included creatinine clearance; measurements of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and electrolytes in serum; urine specific gravity and pH; and examination of urine sediment.

Studies in Men and Women with Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis

The safety of FORTEO in the treatment of men and women with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis was assessed in a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial of 428 patients (19% men, 81% women) aged 22 to 89 years (mean 57 years) treated with ≥ 5mg per day prednisone or equivalent for a minimum of 3 months. The duration of the trial was 18 months with 214 patients exposed to FORTEO and 214 patients exposed to oral daily bisphosphonate (active control). All patients received 1000 mg of calcium plus 800 IU of vitamin D supplementation per day.

The incidence of all cause mortality was 4% in the FORTEO group and 6% in the active control group. The incidence of serious adverse events was 21% in FORTEO patients and 18% in active control patients, and included pneumonia (3% FORTEO, 1% active control). Early discontinuation because of adverse events occurred in 15% of FORTEO patients and 12% of active control patients, and included dizziness (2% FORTEO, 0% active control).

Adverse events reported at a higher incidence in the FORTEO group and with at least a 2% difference in FORTEO-treated patients compared with active control-treated patients were: nausea (14%, 7%), gastritis (7%, 3%), pneumonia (6%, 3%), dyspnea (6%, 3%), insomnia (5%, 1%), anxiety (4%, 1%), and herpes zoster (3%, 1%), respectively.

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of FORTEO. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

  • Osteosarcoma: Cases of bone tumor and osteosarcoma have been reported rarely in the postmarketing period. The causality to FORTEO use is unclear. Long term osteosarcoma surveillance studies are ongoing [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Hypercalcemia: Hypercalcemia greater than 13.0 mg/dL has been reported with FORTEO use.

Adverse events reported since market introduction that were temporally (but not necessarily causally) related to FORTEO therapy include the following:

  • Allergic Reactions: Anaphylactic reactions, drug hypersensitivity, angioedema, urticaria
  • Investigations: Hyperuricemia
  • Respiratory System: Acute dyspnea, chest pain
  • Musculoskeletal: Muscle spasms of the leg or back
  • Other: Injection site reactions including injection site pain, swelling and bruising; oro-facial edema

Read the Forteo (teriparatide (rdna origin) injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Digoxin

A single FORTEO dose did not alter the effect of digoxin on the systolic time interval (from electrocardiographic Q-wave onset to aortic valve closure, a measure of digoxin's calcium-mediated cardiac effect). However, because FORTEO may transiently increase serum calcium, FORTEO should be used with caution in patients taking digoxin [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Hydrochlorothiazide

The coadministration of hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg with teriparatide did not affect the serum calcium response to teriparatide 40 mcg. The effect of coadministration of a higher dose of hydrochlorothiazide with teriparatide on serum calcium levels has not been studied [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Furosemide

Coadministration of intravenous furosemide (20 to 100 mg) with teriparatide 40 mcg in healthy people and patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment (CrCl 13 to 72 mL/min) resulted in small increases in the serum calcium (2%) and 24-hour urine calcium (37%) responses to teriparatide that did not appear to be clinically important [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Osteosarcoma

In male and female rats, teriparatide caused an increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma (a malignant bone tumor) that was dependent on dose and treatment duration [see BOXED WARNING and Nonclinical Toxicology]. FORTEO should not be prescribed for patients at increased baseline risk of osteosarcoma.

These include:

  • Paget's disease of bone. Unexplained elevations of alkaline phosphatase may indicate Paget's disease of bone.
  • Pediatric and young adult patients with open epiphyses.
  • Prior external beam or implant radiation therapy involving the skeleton.

Patients should be encouraged to enroll in the voluntary FORTEO Patient Registry, which is designed to collect information about any potential risk of osteosarcoma in patients who have taken FORTEO. Enrollment information can be obtained by calling 1-866-382-6813, or by visiting www.forteoregistry.rti.org

Treatment Duration

The safety and efficacy of FORTEO have not been evaluated beyond 2 years of treatment. Consequently, use of the drug for more than 2 years during a patients' lifetime is not recommended.

Bone Metastases and Skeletal Malignancies

Patients with bone metastases or a history of skeletal malignancies should not be treated with FORTEO.

Metabolic Bone Diseases

Patients with metabolic bone diseases other than osteoporosis should not be treated with FORTEO.

Hypercalcemia and Hypercalcemic Disorders

FORTEO has not been studied in patients with pre-existing hypercalcemia. These patients should not be treated with FORTEO because of the possibility of exacerbating hypercalcemia. Patients known to have an underlying hypercalcemic disorder, such as primary hyperparathyroidism, should not be treated with FORTEO.

Urolithiasis or Pre-existing Hypercalciuria

In clinical trials, the frequency of urolithiasis was similar in patients treated with FORTEO and placebo. However, FORTEO has not been studied in patients with active urolithiasis. If active urolithiasis or pre-existing hypercalciuria are suspected, measurement of urinary calcium excretion should be considered. FORTEO should be used with caution in patients with active or recent urolithiasis because of the potential to exacerbate this condition.

Orthostatic Hypotension

FORTEO should be administered initially under circumstances in which the patient can sit or lie down if symptoms of orthostatic hypotension occur. In short-term clinical pharmacology studies with teriparatide, transient episodes of symptomatic orthostatic hypotension were observed in 5% of patients. Typically, an event began within 4 hours of dosing and spontaneously resolved within a few minutes to a few hours. When transient orthostatic hypotension occurred, it happened within the first several doses, it was relieved by placing the person in a reclining position, and it did not preclude continued treatment.

Drug Interactions

Hypercalcemia may predispose patients to digitalis toxicity. Because FORTEO transiently increases serum calcium, patients receiving digoxin should use FORTEO with caution [see DRUG INTERACTIONS and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Patient Counseling Information

See Medication Guide.

Potential Risk of Osteosarcoma and Voluntary FORTEO Patient Registry

Patients should be made aware that in rats, teriparatide caused an increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma (a malignant bone tumor) that was dependent on dose and treatment duration. Patients should be encouraged to enroll in the voluntary FORTEO Patient Registry, which is designed to collect information about any potential risk of osteosarcoma in patients who have taken FORTEO. Enrollment information can be obtained by calling 1-866-382-6813, or by visiting www.forteoregistry.rti.org.

Orthostatic Hypotension

FORTEO should be administered initially under circumstances where the patient can immediately sit or lie down if symptoms occur. Patients should be instructed that if they feel lightheaded or have palpitations after the injection, they should sit or lie down until the symptoms resolve. If symptoms persist or worsen, patients should be instructed to consult a physician before continuing treatment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Hypercalcemia

Although symptomatic hypercalcemia was not observed in clinical trials, physicians should instruct patients taking FORTEO to contact a health care provider if they develop persistent symptoms of hypercalcemia (e.g., nausea, vomiting, constipation, lethargy, muscle weakness).

Other Osteoporosis Treatment Modalities

Patients should be informed regarding the roles of supplemental calcium and/or vitamin D, weight-bearing exercise, and modification of certain behavioral factors such as cigarette smoking and/or alcohol consumption.

Use of Delivery Device (Pen)

Patients and caregivers who administer FORTEO should be instructed on how to properly use the delivery device (refer to User Manual), properly dispose of needles, and be advised not to share their delivery device with other patients. The contents of the delivery device should NOT be transferred to a syringe.

Each FORTEO delivery device can be used for up to 28 days including the first injection from the delivery device. After the 28-day use period, discard the FORTEO delivery device, even if it still contains some unused solution.

Availability of Medication Guide and User Manual

Patients should read the Medication Guide and delivery device (pen) User Manual before starting therapy with FORTEO and re-read them each time the prescription is renewed. Patients need to understand and follow the instructions in the FORTEO delivery device User Manual. Failure to do so may result in inaccurate dosing.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis

Two carcinogenicity bioassays were conducted in Fischer 344 rats. In the first study, male and female rats were given daily subcutaneous teriparatide injections of 5, 30, or 75 mcg/kg/day for 24 months from 2 months of age. These doses resulted in systemic exposures that were, respectively, 3, 20, and 60 times higher than the systemic exposure observed in humans following a subcutaneous dose of 20 mcg (based on AUC comparison). Teriparatide treatment resulted in a marked dose-related increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma, a rare malignant bone tumor, in both male and female rats. Osteosarcomas were observed at all doses and the incidence reached 40% to 50% in the high-dose groups. Teriparatide also caused a dose-related increase in osteoblastoma and osteoma in both sexes. No osteosarcomas, osteoblastomas or osteomas were observed in untreated control rats. The bone tumors in rats occurred in association with a large increase in bone mass and focal osteoblast hyperplasia.

The second 2-year study was carried out in order to determine the effect of treatment duration and animal age on the development of bone tumors. Female rats were treated for different periods between 2 and 26 months of age with subcutaneous doses of 5 and 30 mcg/kg (equivalent to 3 and 20 times the human exposure at the 20-mcg dose, based on AUC comparison). The study showed that the occurrence of osteosarcoma, osteoblastoma and osteoma was dependent upon dose and duration of exposure. Bone tumors were observed when immature 2-month old rats were treated with 30 mcg/kg/day for 24 months or with 5 or 30 mcg/kg/day for 6 months. Bone tumors were also observed when mature 6-month old rats were treated with 30 mcg/kg/day for 6 or 20 months. Tumors were not detected when mature 6-month old rats were treated with 5 mcg/kg/day for 6 or 20 months. The results did not demonstrate a difference in susceptibility to bone tumor formation, associated with teriparatide treatment, between mature and immature rats.

The relevance of these animal findings to humans is uncertain.

Mutagenesis

Teriparatide was not genotoxic in any of the following test systems: the Ames test for bacterial mutagenesis; the mouse lymphoma assay for mammalian cell mutation; the chromosomal aberration assay in Chinese hamster ovary cells, with and without metabolic activation; and the in vivo micronucleus test in mice.

Impairment of Fertility

No effects on fertility were observed in male and female rats given subcutaneous teriparatide doses of 30, 100, or 300 mcg/kg/day prior to mating and in females continuing through gestation Day 6 (16 to 160 times the human dose of 20 mcg based on surface area, mcg/m²).

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of FORTEO in pregnant women. In animal studies, teriparatide increased skeletal deviations and variations in mouse offspring at doses more than 60 times the equivalent human dose and produced mild growth retardation and reduced motor activity in rat offspring at doses more than 120 times the equivalent human dose. FORTEO should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

In animal studies, pregnant mice received teriparatide during organogenesis at subcutaneous doses 8 to 267 times the human dose. At doses ≥60 times the human dose, the fetuses showed an increased incidence of skeletal deviations or variations (interrupted rib, extra vertebra or rib). When pregnant rats received subcutaneous teriparatide during organogenesis at doses 16 to 540 times the human dose, the fetuses showed no abnormal findings.

In a perinatal/postnatal study, pregnant rats received subcutaneous teriparatide from organogenesis through lactation. Mild growth retardation in female offspring at doses ≥120 times the human dose (based on surface area, mcg/m²). Mild growth retardation in male offspring and reduced motor activity in both male and female offspring occurred at maternal doses 540 times the human dose. There were no developmental or reproductive effects in mice or rats at doses 8 or 16 times the human dose, respectively.

Exposure multiples were normalized based on body surface area (mcg/m²). Actual animal doses: mice (30 to 1000 mcg/kg/day); rats (30 to 1000 mcg/kg/day).

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether teriparatide is excreted in human milk. Because of the potential for tumorigenicity shown for teriparatide in animal studies, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

The safety and efficacy of FORTEO have not been established in any pediatric population. FORTEO should not be prescribed in patients at an increased baseline risk of osteosarcoma which include pediatric and young adult patients with open epiphyses.

Therefore, FORTEO is not indicated for use in pediatric or young adult patients with open epiphyses [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Geriatric Use

Of the patients receiving FORTEO in the osteoporosis trial of 1637 postmenopausal women, 75% were 65 years of age and over and 23% were 75 years of age and over. Of the patients receiving FORTEO in the osteoporosis trial of 437 men, 39% were 65 years of age and over and 13% were 75 years of age and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

Hepatic Impairment

No studies have been performed in patients with hepatic impairment. [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Renal Impairment

In 5 patients with severe renal impairment (CrCl <30 mL/min), the AUC and T½ of teriparatide were increased by 73% and 77%, respectively. Maximum serum concentration of teriparatide was not increased [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OVERDOSE

Incidents of overdose in humans have not been reported in clinical trials. Teriparatide has been administered in single doses of up to 100 mcg and in repeated doses of up to 60 mcg/day for 6 weeks. The effects of overdose that might be expected include a delayed hypercalcemic effect and risk of orthostatic hypotension. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and headache might also occur.

In postmarketing spontaneous reports, there have been cases of medication errors in which the entire contents (up to 800 mcg) of the FORTEO delivery device (pen) have been administered as a single dose. Transient events reported have included nausea, weakness/lethargy and hypotension. In some cases, no adverse events occurred as a result of the overdose. No fatalities associated with overdose have been reported.

Overdose Management — There is no specific antidote for teriparatide. Treatment of suspected overdose should include discontinuation of FORTEO, monitoring of serum calcium and phosphorus, and implementation of appropriate supportive measures, such as hydration.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Do not use FORTEO in patients with:

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

Endogenous 84-amino acid parathyroid hormone (PTH) is the primary regulator of calcium and phosphate metabolism in bone and kidney. Physiological actions of PTH include regulation of bone metabolism, renal tubular reabsorption of calcium and phosphate, and intestinal calcium absorption. The biological actions of PTH and teriparatide are mediated through binding to specific highaffinity cell-surface receptors. Teriparatide and the 34 N-terminal amino acids of PTH bind to these receptors with the same affinity and have the same physiological actions on bone and kidney. Teriparatide is not expected to accumulate in bone or other issues.

The skeletal effects of teriparatide depend upon the pattern of systemic exposure. Once-daily administration of teriparatide stimulates new bone formation on trabecular and cortical (periosteal and/or endosteal) bone surfaces by preferential stimulation of osteoblastic activity over osteoclastic activity. In monkey studies, teriparatide improved trabecular microarchitecture and increased bone mass and strength by stimulating new bone formation in both cancellous and cortical bone. In humans, the anabolic effects of teriparatide manifest as an increase in skeletal mass, an increase in markers of bone formation and resorption, and an increase in bone strength. By contrast, continuous excess of endogenous PTH, as occurs in hyperparathyroidism, may be detrimental to the skeleton because bone resorption may be stimulated more than bone formation.

Pharmacodynamics

Pharmacodynamics in Men and Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

Effects on Mineral Metabolism Teriparatide affects calcium and phosphorus metabolism in a pattern consistent with the known actions of endogenous PTH (e.g., increases serum calcium and decreases serum phosphorus).

Serum Calcium Concentrations When teriparatide 20 mcg is administered once daily, the serum calcium concentration increases transiently, beginning approximately 2 hours after dosing and reaching a maximum concentration between 4 and 6 hours (median increase, 0.4 mg/dL). The serum calcium concentration begins to decline approximately 6 hours after dosing and returns to baseline by 16 to 24 hours after each dose.

In a clinical study of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, the median peak serum calcium concentration measured 4 to 6 hours after dosing with FORTEO (teriparatide 20 mcg) was 2.42 mmol/L (9.68 mg/dL) at 12 months. The peak serum calcium remained below 2.76 mmol/L (11.0 mg/dL) in >99% of women at each visit. Sustained hypercalcemia was not observed.

In this study, 11.1% of women treated with FORTEO had at least 1 serum calcium value above the upper limit of normal [2.64 mmol/L (10.6 mg/dL)] compared with 1.5% of women treated with placebo. The percentage of women treated with FORTEO whose serum calcium was above the upper limit of normal on consecutive 4- to 6-hour post-dose measurements was 3.0% compared with 0.2% of women treated with placebo. In these women, calcium supplements and/or FORTEO doses were reduced. The timing of these dose reductions was at the discretion of the investigator. FORTEO dose adjustments were made at varying intervals after the first observation of increased serum calcium (median 21 weeks). During these intervals, there was no evidence of progressive increases in serum calcium.

In a clinical study of men with either primary or hypogonadal osteoporosis, the effects on serum calcium were similar to those observed in postmenopausal women. The median peak serum calcium concentration measured 4 to 6 hours after dosing with FORTEO was 2.35 mmol/L (9.44 mg/dL) at 12 months. The peak serum calcium remained below 2.76 mmol/L (11.0 mg/dL) in 98% of men at each visit. Sustained hypercalcemia was not observed.

In this study, 6.0% of men treated with FORTEO daily had at least 1 serum calcium value above the upper limit of normal [2.64 mmol/L (10.6 mg/dL)] compared with none of the men treated with placebo. The percentage of men treated with FORTEO whose serum calcium was above the upper limit of normal on consecutive measurements was 1.3% (2 men) compared with none of the men treated with placebo. Although calcium supplements and/or FORTEO doses could have been reduced in these men, only calcium supplementation was reduced [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS].

In a clinical study of women previously treated for 18 to 39 months with raloxifene (n=26) or alendronate (n=33), mean serum calcium >12 hours after FORTEO injection was increased by 0.09 to 0.14 mmol/L (0.36 to 0.56 mg/dL), after 1 to 6 months of FORTEO treatment compared with baseline. Of the women pretreated with raloxifene, 3 (11.5%) had a serum calcium >2.76 mmol/L (11.0 mg/dL), and of those pretreated with alendronate, 3 (9.1%) had a serum calcium >2.76 mmol/L (11.0 mg/dL). The highest serum calcium reported was 3.12 mmol/L (12.5 mg/dL). None of the women had symptoms of hypercalcemia. There were no placebo controls in this study.

In the study of patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, the effects of FORTEO on serum calcium were similar to those observed in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis not taking glucocorticoids.

Urinary Calcium Excretion In a clinical study of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who received 1000 mg of supplemental calcium and at least 400 IU of vitamin D, daily FORTEO increased urinary calcium excretion. The median urinary excretion of calcium was 4.8 mmol/day (190 mg/day) at 6 months and 4.2 mmol/day (170 mg/day) at 12 months. These levels were 0.76 mmol/day (30 mg/day) and 0.3 mmol/day (12 mg/day) higher, respectively, than in women treated with placebo. The incidence of hypercalciuria (>7.5 mmol Ca/day or 300 mg/day) was similar in the women treated with FORTEO or placebo.

In a clinical study of men with either primary or hypogonadal osteoporosis who received 1000 mg of supplemental calcium and at least 400 IU of vitamin D, daily FORTEO had inconsistent effects on urinary calcium excretion. The median urinary excretion of calcium was 5.6 mmol/day (220 mg/day) at 1 month and 5.3 mmol/day (210 mg/day) at 6 months. These levels were 0.5 mmol/day (20 mg/day) higher and 0.2 mmol/day (8.0 mg/day) lower, respectively, than in men treated with placebo. The incidence of hypercalciuria (>7.5 mmol Ca/day or 300 mg/day) was similar in the men treated with FORTEO or placebo.

Phosphorus and Vitamin D In single-dose studies, teriparatide produced transient phosphaturia and mild transient reductions in serum phosphorus concentration. However, hypophosphatemia ( <0.74 mmol/L or 2.4 mg/dL) was not observed in clinical trials with FORTEO.

In clinical trials of daily FORTEO, the median serum concentration of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D was increased at 12 months by 19% in women and 14% in men, compared with baseline. In the placebo group, this concentration decreased by 2% in women and increased by 5% in men. The median serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration at 12 months was decreased by 19% in women and 10% in men compared with baseline. In the placebo group, this concentration was unchanged in women and increased by 1% in men.

In the study of patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, the effects of FORTEO on serum phosphorus were similar to those observed in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis not taking glucocorticoids.

Effects on Markers of Bone Turnover Daily administration of FORTEO to men and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in clinical studies stimulated bone formation, as shown by increases in the formation markers serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) and procollagen I carboxy-terminal propeptide (PICP). Data on biochemical markers of bone turnover were available for the first 12 months of treatment. Peak concentrations of PICP at 1 month of treatment were approximately 41% above baseline, followed by a decline to near-baseline values by 12 months. BSAP concentrations increased by 1 month of treatment and continued to rise more slowly from 6 through 12 months. The maximum increases of BSAP were 45% above baseline in women and 23% in men. After discontinuation of therapy, BSAP concentrations returned toward baseline. The increases in formation markers were accompanied by secondary increases in the markers of bone resorption: urinary N-telopeptide (NTX) and urinary deoxypyridinoline (DPD), consistent with the physiological coupling of bone formation and resorption in skeletal remodeling.

Changes in BSAP, NTX, and DPD were lower in men than in women, possibly because of lower systemic exposure to teriparatide in men.

In the study of patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, the effects of FORTEO on serum markers of bone turnover were similar to those observed in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis not taking glucocorticoids.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Teriparatide is absorbed after subcutaneous injection; the absolute bioavailability is approximately 95% based on pooled data from 20-, 40-, and 80- mcg doses. The rates of absorption and elimination are rapid. The peptide reaches peak serum concentrations about 30 minutes after subcutaneous injection of a 20-mcg dose and declines to non-quantifiable concentrations within 3 hours.

Distribution

Systemic clearance of teriparatide (approximately 62 L/hr in women and 94 L/hr in men) exceeds the rate of normal liver plasma flow, consistent with both hepatic and extra-hepatic clearance. Volume of distribution, following intravenous injection, is approximately 0.12 L/kg. Intersubject variability in systemic clearance and volume of distribution is 25% to 50%. The half-life of teriparatide in serum is 5 minutes when administered by intravenous injection and approximately 1 hour when administered by subcutaneous injection. The longer half-life following subcutaneous administration reflects the time required for absorption from the injection site.

Metabolism and Excretion

No metabolism or excretion studies have been performed with teriparatide. However, the mechanisms of metabolism and elimination of PTH(1-34) and intact PTH have been extensively described in published literature. Peripheral metabolism of PTH is believed to occur by non-specific enzymatic mechanisms in the liver followed by excretion via the kidneys.

Pediatric Patients

Pharmacokinetic data in pediatric patients are not available [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Geriatric Patients

No age-related differences in teriparatide pharmacokinetics were detected (range 31 to 85 years).

Gender

Although systemic exposure to teriparatide was approximately 20% to 30% lower in men than women, the recommended dose for both genders is 20 mcg/day.

Race

The populations included in the pharmacokinetic analyses were 98.5% Caucasian. The influence of race has not been determined.

Renal Impairment

No pharmacokinetic differences were identified in 11 patients with mild or moderate renal impairment [creatinine clearance (CrCl) 30 to 72 mL/min] administered a single dose of teriparatide. In 5 patients with severe renal impairment (CrCl <30 mL/min), the AUC and T½ of teriparatide were increased by 73% and 77%, respectively. Maximum serum concentration of teriparatide was not increased. No studies have been performed in patients undergoing dialysis for chronic renal failure [see Use in Specific Populations].

Hepatic Impairment

No studies have been performed in patients with hepatic impairment. Non-specific proteolytic enzymes in the liver (possibly Kupffer cells) cleave PTH(1-34) and PTH(1-84) into fragments that are cleared from the circulation mainly by the kidney [see Use In Specific Populations].

Drug Interactions

DigoxinIn a study of 15 healthy people administered digoxin daily to steady state, a single FORTEO dose did not alter the effect of digoxin on the systolic time interval (from electrocardiographic Q-wave onset to aortic valve closure, a measure of digoxin's calcium-mediated cardiac effect). However, sporadic case reports have suggested that hypercalcemia may predispose patients to digitalis toxicity. Because FORTEO may transiently increase serum calcium, FORTEO should be used with caution in patients taking digoxin [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Hydrochlorothiazide In a study of 20 healthy people, the coadministration of hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg with teriparatide did not affect the serum calcium response to teriparatide 40 mcg. The 24-hour urine excretion of calcium was reduced by a clinically unimportant amount (15%). The effect of coadministration of a higher dose of hydrochlorothiazide with teriparatide on serum calcium levels has not been studied [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Furosemide In a study of 9 healthy people and 17 patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment (CrCl 13 to 72 mL/min), coadministration of intravenous furosemide (20 to 100 mg) with teriparatide 40 mcg resulted in small increases in the serum calcium (2%) and 24-hour urine calcium (37%) responses to teriparatide that did not appear to be clinically important [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Animal Toxicology

In single-dose rodent studies using subcutaneous injection of teriparatide, no mortality was seen in rats given doses of 1000 mcg/kg (540 times the human dose based on surface area, mcg/m²) or in mice given 10,000 mcg/kg (2700 times the human dose based on surface area, mcg/m²).

In a long-term study, skeletally mature ovariectomized female monkeys (N=30 per treatment group) were given either daily subcutaneous teriparatide injections of 5 mcg/kg or vehicle. Following the 18-month treatment period, the monkeys were removed from teriparatide treatment and were observed for an additional 3 years. The 5 mcg/kg dose resulted in systemic exposures that were approximately 6 times higher than the systemic exposure observed in humans following a subcutaneous dose of 20 mcg (based on AUC comparison). Bone tumors were not detected by radiographic or histologic evaluation in any monkey in the study.

Clinical Studies

Treatment of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women

The safety and efficacy of once-daily FORTEO, median exposure of 19 months, were examined in a double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled clinical study of 1637 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (FORTEO 20 mcg, n=541).

All women received 1000 mg of calcium and at least 400 IU of vitamin D per day. Baseline and endpoint spinal radiographs were evaluated using the semiquantitative scoring. Ninety percent of the women in the study had 1 or more radiographically diagnosed vertebral fractures at baseline. The primary efficacy endpoint was the occurrence of new radiographically diagnosed vertebral fractures defined as changes in the height of previously undeformed vertebrae. Such fractures are not necessarily symptomatic.

Effect on Fracture Incidence

New Vertebral Fractures FORTEO, when taken with calcium and vitamin D and compared with calcium and vitamin D alone, reduced the risk of 1 or more new vertebral fractures from 14.3% of women in the placebo group to 5.0% in the FORTEO group. This difference was statistically significant (p <0.001); the absolute reduction in risk was 9.3% and the relative reduction was 65%. FORTEO was effective in reducing the risk for vertebral fractures regardless of age, baseline rate of bone turnover, or baseline BMD (see Table 2).

Table 2: Effect of FORTEO on Risk of Vertebral Fractures in Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

Percent of Women With Fracture
  FORTEO
(N=444)
Placebo
(N=448)
Absolute Risk Reduction (%, 95% CI) Relative Risk Reduction (%, 95% CI)
New fracture ( ≥1) 5.0a 14.3 9.3
(5.5-13.1)
65
(45-78)
1 fracture 3.8 9.4    
2 fractures 0.9 2.9    
≥3 fractures 0.2 2.0    
a p ≤0.001 compared with placebo.

New Nonvertebral Osteoporotic Fractures FORTEO significantly reduced the risk of any nonvertebral fracture from 5.5% in the placebo group to 2.6% in the FORTEO group (p <0.05). The absolute reduction in risk was 2.9% and the relative reduction was 53%. The incidence of new nonvertebral fractures in the FORTEO group compared with the placebo group was ankle/foot (0.2%, 0.7%), hip (0.2%, 0.7%), humerus (0.4%, 0.4%), pelvis (0%, 0.6%), ribs (0.6%, 0.9%), wrist (0.4%, 1.3%), and other sites (1.1%, 1.5%), respectively.

The cumulative percentage of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who sustained new nonvertebral fractures was lower in women treated with FORTEO than in women treated with placebo (see Figure 1).

Figure 1: Cumulative Percentage of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis Sustaining New Nonvertebral Osteoporotic Fractures

Cumulative Percentage of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis Sustaining New Nonvertebral Osteoporotic Fractures - Illustration

Effect on Bone Mineral Density (BMD)

FORTEO increased lumbar spine BMD in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Statistically significant increases were seen at 3 months and continued throughout the treatment period. Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who were treated with FORTEO had statistically significant increases in BMD from baseline to endpoint at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, total hip, and total body (see Table 3).

Table 3: Mean Percent Change in BMD from Baseline to Endpointa in Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis, Treated with FORTEO or Placebo for a Median of 19 Months

  FORTEO
N=541
Placebo
N=544
Lumbar spine BMD 9.7b 1.1
Femoral neck BMD 2.8c -0.7
Total hip BMD 2.6c -1.0
Trochanter BMD 3.5c -0.2
Intertrochanter BMD 2.6c -1.3
Ward's triangle BMD 4.2c -0.8
Total body BMD 0.6c -0.5
Distal 1/3 radius BMD -2.1 -1.3
Ultradistal radius BMD -0.1 -1.6
a Intent-to-treat analysis, last observation carried forward.
b p <0.001 compared with placebo.
c p <0.05 compared with placebo.

FORTEO treatment increased lumbar spine BMD from baseline in 96% of postmenopausal women treated. Seventy-two percent of patients treated with FORTEO achieved at least a 5% increase in spine BMD, and 44% gained 10% or more.

Both treatment groups lost height during the trial. The mean decreases were 3.61 and 2.81 mm in the placebo and FORTEO groups, respectively.

Bone Histology

The effects of teriparatide on bone histology were evaluated in iliac crest biopsies of 35 postmenopausal women treated for 12 to 24 months with calcium and vitamin D and teriparatide 20 or 40 mcg/day. Normal mineralization was observed with no evidence of cellular toxicity. The new bone formed with teriparatide was of normal quality (as evidenced by the absence of woven bone and marrow fibrosis).

Treatment to Increase Bone Mass in Men with Primary or Hypogonadal Osteoporosis

The safety and efficacy of once-daily FORTEO, median exposure of 10 months, were examined in a double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled clinical study of 437 men with either primary (idiopathic) or hypogonadal osteoporosis (FORTEO 20 mcg, n=151). All men received 1000 mg of calcium and at least 400 IU of vitamin D per day. The primary efficacy endpoint was change in lumbar spine BMD.

FORTEO increased lumbar spine BMD in men with primary or hypogonadal osteoporosis. Statistically significant increases were seen at 3 months and continued throughout the treatment period. FORTEO was effective in increasing lumbar spine BMD regardless of age, baseline rate of bone turnover, and baseline BMD. The effects of FORTEO at additional skeletal sites are shown in Table 4.

FORTEO treatment for a median of 10 months increased lumbar spine BMD from baseline in 94% of men treated.

Fifty-three percent of patients treated with FORTEO achieved at least a 5% increase in spine BMD, and 14% gained 10% or more.

Table 4: Mean Percent Change in BMD from Baseline to Endpointa in Men with Primary or Hypogonadal Osteoporosis, Treated with FORTEO or Placebo for a Median of 10 Months

  FORTEO
N=151
Placebo
N=147
Lumbar spine BMD 5.9b 0.5
Femoral neck BMD 1.5c 0.3
Total hip BMD 1.2 0.5
Trochanter BMD 1.3 1.1
Intertrochanter BMD 1.2 0.6
Ward's triangle BMD 2.8 1.1
Total body BMD 0.4 -0.4
Distal 1/3 radius BMD -0.5 -0.2
Ultradistal radius BMD -0.5 -0.3
a Intent-to-treat analysis, last observation carried forward.
b p <0.001 compared with placebo.
c p <0.05 compared with placebo.

Treatment of Men and Women with Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis

The efficacy of FORTEO for treating glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis was assessed in a randomized, double-blind, activecontrolled trial of 428 patients (19% men, 81% women) aged 22 to 89 years (mean 57 years) treated with ≥5 mg/day prednisone or equivalent for a minimum of 3 months. The duration of the trial was 18 months with 214 patients exposed to FORTEO. In the FORTEO group, the baseline median glucocorticoid dose was 7.5 mg/day and the median duration of glucocorticoid use was 1.5 years. The mean (SD) baseline lumbar spine BMD was 0.85 ± 0.13 g/cm² and lumbar spine BMD T-score was –2.5 ± 1 (number of standard deviations below the mean BMD value for healthy adults). A total of 30% of patients had prevalent vertebral fracture(s) and 43% had prior non-vertebral fracture(s). The patients had chronic rheumatologic, respiratory or other diseases that required sustained glucocorticoid therapy. All patients received 1000 mg of calcium plus 800 IU of vitamin D supplementation per day.

Because of differences in mechanism of action (anabolic vs. anti-resorptive) and lack of clarity regarding differences in BMD as an adequate predictor of fracture efficacy, data on the active comparator are not presented.

Effect on Bone Mineral Density (BMD)

In patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, FORTEO increased lumbar spine BMD compared with baseline at 3 months through 18 months of treatment. In patients treated with FORTEO, the mean percent change in BMD from baseline to endpoint was 7.2% at the lumbar spine, 3.6% at the total hip, and 3.7% at the femoral neck (p <0.001 all sites). The relative treatment effects of FORTEO were consistent in subgroups defined by gender, age, geographic region, body mass index, underlying disease, prevalent vertebral fracture, baseline glucocorticoid dose, prior bisphosphonate use, and glucocorticoid discontinuation during trial.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

PATIENT INFORMATION

Medication Guide

FORTEO®
(for-TAY-o) teriparatide (rDNA origin) injection

Read this Medication Guide before you start taking FORTEO® and each time you get a refill.

There may be new information. Also, read the User Manual that comes with the FORTEO delivery device (pen) for information on how to use the device to inject your medicine the right way. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about FORTEO?

  • During the drug testing process, the medicine in FORTEO caused some rats to develop a bone cancer called osteosarcoma. In people, osteosarcoma is a serious but rare cancer. Osteosarcoma has been reported rarely in people who took FORTEO. It is not known if people who take FORTEO have a higher chance of getting osteosarcoma.
  • You should not take FORTEO for more than 2 years over your lifetime.
  • There is a voluntary Patient Registry for people who take FORTEO. The purpose of the registry is to collect information about the possible risk of osteosarcoma in people who take FORTEO. For information about how to sign up for this patient registry, call 1-866- 382-6813 or go to www.forteoregistry.rti.org.

What is FORTEO?

  • FORTEO is a prescription medicine that is like a hormone made by the body called parathyroid hormone or PTH. FORTEO may help to form new bone, increase bone mineral density and bone strength.
  • FORTEO can lessen the number of fractures of the spine and other bones in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
  • The effect on fractures has not been studied in men.
  • FORTEO is used in both men and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who are at high risk for having fractures. FORTEO can be used by people who have had a fracture related to osteoporosis, or who have several risk factors for fracture, or who can not use other osteoporosis treatments.
  • FORTEO is used in both men and women with osteoporosis due to use of glucocorticoid medicines, such as prednisone, for several months, who are at high risk for having broken bones (fractures). These include men and women with either a history of broken bones, who have several risk factors for fracture, or who can not use other osteoporosis treatments.

It is not known if FORTEO is safe and effective in children.

FORTEO should not be used in children and young adults whose bones are still growing.

Who should not use FORTEO?

Do not use FORTEO if you:

  • are allergic to any of the ingredients in FORTEO. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of the ingredients in FORTEO.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking FORTEO?

Before you take FORTEO, tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • have the condition listed in the section “Who should not use FORTEO?”
  • have Paget's disease or other bone disease
  • have cancer in your bones
  • have trouble injecting yourself and do not have someone who can help you
  • are a child or young adult whose bones are still growing
  • have or have had kidney stones
  • have had radiation therapy
  • have or had too much calcium in your blood
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant. It is not known if FORTEO will harm your unborn baby.
  • are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if FORTEO passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will take FORTEO or breast feed. You should not do both.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Your healthcare provider needs this information to help keep you from taking FORTEO with other medicines that may harm you.

  • Especially tell your doctor if you take medicines that contain digoxin (Digoxin*, Lanoxicaps*, Lanoxin*).

How should I use FORTEO?

  • Inject FORTEO one time each day in your thigh or abdomen (lower stomach area). Talk to a healthcare provider about how to rotate injection sites.
  • Before you try to inject FORTEO yourself, a healthcare provider should teach you how to use the FORTEO delivery device to give your injection the right way.
  • Read the detailed User Manual at the end of this Medication Guide.
  • You can take FORTEO with or without food or drink.
  • The FORTEO delivery device has enough medicine for 28 days. It is set to give a 20 microgram dose of medicine each day. Do not inject all the medicine in the FORTEO delivery device at any one time.
  • Do not transfer the medicine from the FORTEO delivery device to a syringe. This can result in taking the wrong dose of FORTEO. If you do not have pen needles to use with your FORTEO delivery device, talk with your healthcare provider.
  • FORTEO should look clear and colorless. Do not use FORTEO if it has particles in it, or if it is cloudy or colored.
  • Inject FORTEO right away after you take the delivery device out of the refrigerator.
  • After each use, safely remove the needle, recap the delivery device, and put it back in the refrigerator right away.
  • You can take FORTEO at any time of the day. To help you remember to take FORTEO, take it at about the same time each day.
  • If you forget or can not take FORTEO at your usual time, take it as soon as you can on that day. Do not take more than one injection in the same day.
  • If you take more FORTEO than prescribed, call your healthcare provider. If you take too much FORTEO, you may have nausea, vomiting, weakness, or dizziness.

Follow your healthcare provider's instructions about other ways you can help your osteoporosis, such as exercise, diet, and reducing or stopping your use of tobacco and alcohol. If your healthcare provider recommends calcium and vitamin D supplements, you can take them at the same time you take FORTEO.

What are the possible side effects of FORTEO?

FORTEO can cause serious side effects including:

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about FORTEO?”
  • Decrease in blood pressure when you change positions. Some people feel dizzy, get a fast heartbeat, or feel faint right after the first few doses. This usually happens within 4 hours of taking FORTEO and goes away within a few hours. For the first few doses, take your injections of FORTEO in a place where you can sit or lie down right away if you get these symptoms. If your symptoms get worse or do not go away, stop taking FORTEO and call your healthcare provider.
  • Increased calcium in your blood. Tell your healthcare provider if you have nausea, vomiting, constipation, low energy, or muscle weakness. These may be signs there is too much calcium in your blood.

Common side effects of FORTEO include:

Your healthcare provider may take samples of blood and urine during treatment to check your response to FORTEO. Also, your healthcare provider may ask you to have follow-up tests of bone mineral density.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of FORTEO. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store FORTEO?

  • Keep your FORTEO delivery device in the refrigerator between 36° to 46°F (2° to 8°C).
  • Do not freeze the FORTEO delivery device. Do not use FORTEO if it has been frozen.
  • Do not use FORTEO after the expiration date printed on the delivery device and packaging.
  • Throw away the FORTEO delivery device after 28 days even if it has medicine in it (see the User Manual).

Keep FORTEO and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about FORTEO

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use FORTEO for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give FORTEO to other people, even if they have the same condition you have.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about FORTEO. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about FORTEO that is written for healthcare professionals. For more information, go to www.FORTEO.com or call Lilly at 1-866-436-7836.

What are the ingredients in FORTEO?

Active ingredient: teriparatide

Inactive ingredients: glacial acetic acid, sodium acetate (anhydrous), mannitol, metacresol, and water for injection. In addition, hydrochloric acid solution 10% and/or sodium hydroxide solution 10% may have been added to adjust the product to pH 4.

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become thin and weak, increasing the chance of having a broken bone. Osteoporosis usually causes no symptoms until a fracture happens. The most common fractures are in the spine (backbone). They can shorten height, even without causing pain. Over time, the spine can become curved or deformed and the body bent over. Fractures from osteoporosis can also happen in almost any bone in the body, for example, the wrist, rib, or hip. Once you have had a fracture, the chance for more fractures greatly increases.

The following risk factors increase your chance of getting fractures from osteoporosis:

  • past broken bones from osteoporosis.
  • very low bone mineral density (BMD).
  • frequent falls.
  • limited movement, such as using a wheelchair.
  • medical conditions likely to cause bone loss, such as some kinds of arthritis.
  • taking steroid medicines called glucocorticoids, such as prednisone.
  • other medicines that may cause bone loss, for example: seizure medicines (such as phenytoin), blood thinners (such as heparin), and high doses of vitamin A.

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

>

PATIENT INFORMATION

Medication Guide

FORTEO®
(for-TAY-o) teriparatide (rDNA origin) injection

Read this Medication Guide before you start taking FORTEO® and each time you get a refill.

There may be new information. Also, read the User Manual that comes with the FORTEO delivery device (pen) for information on how to use the device to inject your medicine the right way. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about FORTEO?

  • During the drug testing process, the medicine in FORTEO caused some rats to develop a bone cancer called osteosarcoma. In people, osteosarcoma is a serious but rare cancer. Osteosarcoma has been reported rarely in people who took FORTEO. It is not known if people who take FORTEO have a higher chance of getting osteosarcoma.
  • You should not take FORTEO for more than 2 years over your lifetime.
  • There is a voluntary Patient Registry for people who take FORTEO. The purpose of the registry is to collect information about the possible risk of osteosarcoma in people who take FORTEO. For information about how to sign up for this patient registry, call 1-866- 382-6813 or go to www.forteoregistry.rti.org.

What is FORTEO?

  • FORTEO is a prescription medicine that is like a hormone made by the body called parathyroid hormone or PTH. FORTEO may help to form new bone, increase bone mineral density and bone strength.
  • FORTEO can lessen the number of fractures of the spine and other bones in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
  • The effect on fractures has not been studied in men.
  • FORTEO is used in both men and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who are at high risk for having fractures. FORTEO can be used by people who have had a fracture related to osteoporosis, or who have several risk factors for fracture, or who can not use other osteoporosis treatments.
  • FORTEO is used in both men and women with osteoporosis due to use of glucocorticoid medicines, such as prednisone, for several months, who are at high risk for having broken bones (fractures). These include men and women with either a history of broken bones, who have several risk factors for fracture, or who can not use other osteoporosis treatments.

It is not known if FORTEO is safe and effective in children.

FORTEO should not be used in children and young adults whose bones are still growing.

Who should not use FORTEO?

Do not use FORTEO if you:

  • are allergic to any of the ingredients in FORTEO. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of the ingredients in FORTEO.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking FORTEO?

Before you take FORTEO, tell your healthcare provider if you:

  • have the condition listed in the section “Who should not use FORTEO?”
  • have Paget's disease or other bone disease
  • have cancer in your bones
  • have trouble injecting yourself and do not have someone who can help you
  • are a child or young adult whose bones are still growing
  • have or have had kidney stones
  • have had radiation therapy
  • have or had too much calcium in your blood
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant. It is not known if FORTEO will harm your unborn baby.
  • are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if FORTEO passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will take FORTEO or breast feed. You should not do both.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Your healthcare provider needs this information to help keep you from taking FORTEO with other medicines that may harm you.

  • Especially tell your doctor if you take medicines that contain digoxin (Digoxin*, Lanoxicaps*, Lanoxin*).

How should I use FORTEO?

  • Inject FORTEO one time each day in your thigh or abdomen (lower stomach area). Talk to a healthcare provider about how to rotate injection sites.
  • Before you try to inject FORTEO yourself, a healthcare provider should teach you how to use the FORTEO delivery device to give your injection the right way.
  • Read the detailed User Manual at the end of this Medication Guide.
  • You can take FORTEO with or without food or drink.
  • The FORTEO delivery device has enough medicine for 28 days. It is set to give a 20 microgram dose of medicine each day. Do not inject all the medicine in the FORTEO delivery device at any one time.
  • Do not transfer the medicine from the FORTEO delivery device to a syringe. This can result in taking the wrong dose of FORTEO. If you do not have pen needles to use with your FORTEO delivery device, talk with your healthcare provider.
  • FORTEO should look clear and colorless. Do not use FORTEO if it has particles in it, or if it is cloudy or colored.
  • Inject FORTEO right away after you take the delivery device out of the refrigerator.
  • After each use, safely remove the needle, recap the delivery device, and put it back in the refrigerator right away.
  • You can take FORTEO at any time of the day. To help you remember to take FORTEO, take it at about the same time each day.
  • If you forget or can not take FORTEO at your usual time, take it as soon as you can on that day. Do not take more than one injection in the same day.
  • If you take more FORTEO than prescribed, call your healthcare provider. If you take too much FORTEO, you may have nausea, vomiting, weakness, or dizziness.

Follow your healthcare provider's instructions about other ways you can help your osteoporosis, such as exercise, diet, and reducing or stopping your use of tobacco and alcohol. If your healthcare provider recommends calcium and vitamin D supplements, you can take them at the same time you take FORTEO.

What are the possible side effects of FORTEO?

FORTEO can cause serious side effects including:

  • See “What is the most important information I should know about FORTEO?”
  • Decrease in blood pressure when you change positions. Some people feel dizzy, get a fast heartbeat, or feel faint right after the first few doses. This usually happens within 4 hours of taking FORTEO and goes away within a few hours. For the first few doses, take your injections of FORTEO in a place where you can sit or lie down right away if you get these symptoms. If your symptoms get worse or do not go away, stop taking FORTEO and call your healthcare provider.
  • Increased calcium in your blood. Tell your healthcare provider if you have nausea, vomiting, constipation, low energy, or muscle weakness. These may be signs there is too much calcium in your blood.

Common side effects of FORTEO include:

Your healthcare provider may take samples of blood and urine during treatment to check your response to FORTEO. Also, your healthcare provider may ask you to have follow-up tests of bone mineral density.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of FORTEO. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store FORTEO?

  • Keep your FORTEO delivery device in the refrigerator between 36° to 46°F (2° to 8°C).
  • Do not freeze the FORTEO delivery device. Do not use FORTEO if it has been frozen.
  • Do not use FORTEO after the expiration date printed on the delivery device and packaging.
  • Throw away the FORTEO delivery device after 28 days even if it has medicine in it (see the User Manual).

Keep FORTEO and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about FORTEO

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use FORTEO for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give FORTEO to other people, even if they have the same condition you have.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about FORTEO. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about FORTEO that is written for healthcare professionals. For more information, go to www.FORTEO.com or call Lilly at 1-866-436-7836.

What are the ingredients in FORTEO?

Active ingredient: teriparatide

Inactive ingredients: glacial acetic acid, sodium acetate (anhydrous), mannitol, metacresol, and water for injection. In addition, hydrochloric acid solution 10% and/or sodium hydroxide solution 10% may have been added to adjust the product to pH 4.

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become thin and weak, increasing the chance of having a broken bone. Osteoporosis usually causes no symptoms until a fracture happens. The most common fractures are in the spine (backbone). They can shorten height, even without causing pain. Over time, the spine can become curved or deformed and the body bent over. Fractures from osteoporosis can also happen in almost any bone in the body, for example, the wrist, rib, or hip. Once you have had a fracture, the chance for more fractures greatly increases.

The following risk factors increase your chance of getting fractures from osteoporosis:

  • past broken bones from osteoporosis.
  • very low bone mineral density (BMD).
  • frequent falls.
  • limited movement, such as using a wheelchair.
  • medical conditions likely to cause bone loss, such as some kinds of arthritis.
  • taking steroid medicines called glucocorticoids, such as prednisone.
  • other medicines that may cause bone loss, for example: seizure medicines (such as phenytoin), blood thinners (such as heparin), and high doses of vitamin A.

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/13/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Disclaimer

Forteo Consumer

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

TERIPARATIDE - INJECTION

(TER-i-PAR-a-tide)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Forteo

WARNING: Teriparatide has been shown to increase bone tumors (osteosarcoma) in rats. However, this occurred at doses higher than the usual human dose. It is unknown if this medication can cause bone tumors in humans. Therefore, this medication should not be used by people with increased risk for bone tumors (including people with Paget's disease of bone or people who had radiation treatment involving the bones).

USES: Teriparatide is used to treat bone loss (osteoporosis) in people who have a high risk of getting fractures. It is similar to a natural hormone in your body (parathyroid hormone). It works by increasing bone mass and strength. This effect helps to decrease the risk of getting a fracture.

This medication is not recommended for use in children or young adults whose bones are still growing.

HOW TO USE: Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start using teriparatide and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

A health care professional should instruct you on the proper usage of this medication. Also, learn all preparation and usage instructions in the user manual. If any of the information is unclear, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid.

Inject this medication under the skin as directed by your doctor, usually once daily into the thigh or abdomen. Before injecting each dose, clean the injection site with rubbing alcohol. Change the injection site each time to lessen injury under the skin.

Learn how to store and discard needles and medical supplies safely. Consult your pharmacist for more details.

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time each day.

Disclaimer

Forteo Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Dizziness or fast heartbeat may occur within 4 hours after using this medication. These symptoms may persist for a few minutes to a few hours. This effect should go away after several doses as your body adjusts to the medication. It is best to lie or sit down if these symptoms occur. Muscle cramps/spasms or pain/swelling/bruising at the injection site may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: fainting, constipation, unusual tiredness, mental/mood changes (such as confusion).

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the Forteo (teriparatide (rdna origin) injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

PRECAUTIONS: See also Warning section.

Before using teriparatide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: other bone disorders (such as bone cancer), high level of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), kidney stones.

This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Disclaimer

Forteo Consumer (continued)

DRUG INTERACTIONS: The effects of some drugs can change if you take other drugs or herbal products at the same time. This can increase your risk for serious side effects or may cause your medications not to work correctly. These drug interactions are possible, but do not always occur. Your doctor or pharmacist can often prevent or manage interactions by changing how you use your medications or by close monitoring.

To help your doctor and pharmacist give you the best care, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) before starting treatment with this product. While using this product, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any other medicines you are using without your doctor's approval.

Keep a list of all the products you use. Share the list with your doctor and pharmacist to reduce your risk for serious medication problems.

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US National Poison Hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: nausea, vomiting, severe dizziness, unusual tiredness.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as calcium levels) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Lifestyle changes that help promote healthy bones include increasing weight-bearing exercise, stopping smoking, limiting alcohol, and eating well-balanced meals that contain adequate calcium and vitamin D. Since you may also need to take calcium and vitamin D supplements and make lifestyle changes, consult your doctor for specific advice.

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose and remember on the same day, use it as soon as you remember. If you remember on the next day, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Refrigerate between 36-46 degrees F (2-8 degrees C) away from light. Do not freeze. Do not use this medication if it has been frozen. This medication should be used immediately after removing from the refrigerator and then returned to refrigerator after use. Recap the pen when not in use. Each pen may be used for up to 28 days. Mark the day when you start using the pen. Discard the pen after 28 days, even if there is still medication in the pen. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Information last revised May 2010. Copyright(c) 2010 First Databank, Inc.

Forteo Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Forteo

Generic Name: teriparatide (Pronunciation: ter i PAR a tide)

What is teriparatide (Forteo)?

Teriparatide is a man-made form of a hormone called parathyroid that exists naturally in the body. Teriparatide increases bone density and increases bone strength to help prevent fractures.

Teriparatide is used to treat osteoporosis in men and women who have a high risk of bone fracture.

Teriparatide may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of teriparatide (Forteo)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using teriparatide and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • feeling light-headed or fainting every time you inject this medicine;
  • fast or pounding heartbeats every time you inject this medicine; or
  • nausea, vomiting, constipation, and muscle weakness.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • mild dizziness;
  • pain, redness, bruising, itching, or swelling where the medicine was injected;
  • leg cramps;
  • joint pain;
  • cough, sore throat, runny nose;
  • headache or neck pain; or
  • nausea, constipation, diarrhea.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Forteo (teriparatide (rdna origin) injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

What is the most important information I should know about teriparatide (Forteo)?

This medication has been found to cause an increased risk of bone cancer in animal studies. It is not known if this risk is also increased in humans treated with teriparatide. Talk with your doctor about your individual risk.

Teriparatide can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

Avoid smoking cigarettes, or try to quit smoking altogether. Smoking can reduce your bone mineral density, making fractures more likely.

Avoid drinking alcohol, which also may affect your bone mineral density.

Side Effects Centers

Forteo Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using teriparatide (Forteo)?

Do not use this medication if you are allergic to teriparatide.

Before using teriparatide, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:

  • Paget's disease or other bone disorders (besides osteoporosis);
  • high levels of calcium or alkaline phosphatase in your blood;
  • a condition called hyperparathyroidism;
  • a bone disease other than osteoporosis;
  • a history of bone cancer or radiation treatment involving your bones; or
  • if you have ever had kidney stones.

If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use teriparatide.

FDA pregnancy category C. This medication may be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.

It is not known whether teriparatide passes into breast milk. Do not use teriparatide without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

This medication has been found to cause an increased risk of bone cancer in animal studies. It is not known if this risk is also increased in humans treated with teriparatide. Talk with your doctor about your individual risk.

How should I use teriparatide (Forteo)?

Use this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not use the medication in larger amounts, or use it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the instructions on your prescription label.

Teriparatide is given as an injection under the skin of the thigh or stomach. Your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare provider will give you this injection. You may be shown how to inject your medicine at home. Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of used needles and syringes.

This medication comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Use each disposable needle only one time. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of it). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.

Teriparatide can cause you to feel dizzy or light-headed. It may help to sit or lie down for a short time after injecting the medication.

Do not use teriparatide for longer than 2 years unless your doctor tells you to.

Teriparatide is only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes diet, exercise, vitamins or mineral supplements, and changing certain behaviors. Follow your diet and exercise routines very closely.

It is important to use teriparatide regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

Teriparatide can be injected at any time of the day. It may be easier to remember to use teriparatide if it is used at about the same time each day.

Do not teriparatide that is discolored or cloudy or that has particles in it. It should be clear and colorless. Do not use teriparatide after the expiration date printed on the pen or pen packaging.

Store the teriparatide injection pen in the refrigerator but do not allow it to freeze. Take the pen out of the refrigerator only long enough to use it. After use, recap the pen and put it back into the refrigerator.

Throw away the injection pen after 28 days of use, even if it still has medicine in it.

Side Effects Centers

Forteo Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Forteo)?

Use the medication as soon as you remember the missed dose. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and use the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose (Forteo)?

Seek medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, feeling light-headed, or fainting.

What should I avoid while using teriparatide (Forteo)?

Teriparatide can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

Avoid smoking cigarettes, or try to quit smoking altogether. Smoking can reduce your bone mineral density, making fractures more likely.

Avoid drinking alcohol, which also may affect your bone mineral density.

What other drugs will affect teriparatide (Forteo)?

Before using teriparatide, tell your doctor if you are taking digoxin (digitalis, Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps). You may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use teriparatide.

There may be other drugs not listed that can interact with teriparatide. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about teriparatide.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.09. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read,understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement,which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

Healthwise

Side Effects Centers

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