اکسیمتولون
Oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)
اکسیمتولون

نام ژنریک

Oxymetholone

شکل دارویی

موارد و مقدار مصرف


درمان كم خوني آپلاستيك


بزرگسالان و كودكان: از راه خوراكي، ‌mg/kg/day 5-1 مصرف مي‌ شود. مقدار مصرف به افراد مختلف بستگي دارد. پاسخ دارويي سريع نيست.


براي حصول پاسخ درماني، ‌به زمان حدود 6-3 ماه نياز است. اگرچه حداكثر مقدار مصرف mg/kg/day 5 است، ولي بيشتر بيماران به مقدار mg/kg/day 2-1 پاسخ مي‌ دهند.


نوزادان زودرس و شيرخواران: مقدار mg/kg/day 17/0 به صورت مقدار واحد مصرف مي‌ شود.


مكانيسم اثر


اثر خونساز: اكسي متولون توليد اريتروپوئيتين توسط كليه را تحريك كرده و به افزايش حجم، مقدار، ‌و تعداد گلبولهاي قرمز منجر مي‌ شود.

موارد مصرف

فارماكوكينتيك


اكسي متولون در كبد متابوليزه مي‌ شود. جذب، انتشار و دفع اين دارو به خوبي معلوم نيست.

موارد منع مصرف

اثر بر آزمايشهاي تشخيصي


اكسي متولون ممكن است موجب غير طبيعي شدن نتايج آزمونهاي تعيين گلوكز پلاسما در حالت ناشتا، تحمل گلوكز، و متيراپون شود. اين دارو ممكن است احتباس سولفوبروموفتالئين را افزايش دهد. ممكن است نتايج آزمونهاي عملكرد تيروئيد (يد پيوند يافته به پروتئين، برداشت يد راديواكتيو، ‌گنجايش پيوند تيروئيد) و غلظت 17- كتواستروئيد كاهش و نتايج آزمون عملكرد كبد، ‌زمان پروترومبين (بخصوص در بيماراني كه داروهاي ضد انعقاد خون مصرف مي‌ كنند) و غلظت سرمي كراتينين افزايش يابد. به دليل فعاليت آنابوليك دارو، ممكن است غلظت سرمي سديم، ‌پتاسيم، ‌كلسيم، فسفات و كلسترول افزايش يابند.

موارد قابل توجه

-

تداخل دارویی

عوارض جانبي


آندروژنيك: در زنان : بم شدن صدا، بزرگ شدن كليتوريس، ‌تغيير ميل جنسي. ‌


در مردان: قبل از بلوغ، بسته شدن زودرس اپي فيز، ‌نعوظ مكرر و مداوم، بزرگ شدن آلت تناسلي؛ بعد از بلوغ، ‌آتروفي بيضه، كاهش توليد اسپرم، كاهش حجم مني، ناتواني جنسي، ژنيكوماستي، ‌اپيديديميت.


اعصاب مركزي: سردرد، ‌افسردگي رواني.


قلبي ـ ‌عروقي: خيز.


پوست: آكنه، پوست چرب، پرمويي، ‌برافروختگي، تعريق.


دستگاه گوارش: گاستروآنتريت، تهوع، ‌استفراغ، اسهال، ‌يبوست، تغيير اشتها، افزايش وزن.


ادراري ـ تناسلي: تحريك مثانه، واژينيت، قاعدگي نامنظم.


كبد:‌ يرقان قابل برگشت، مسموميت كبدي.


ساير عوارض: افزايش كلسيم خون .


توجه:در صورت بروز زيادي كلسيم خون، خيز، واكنش حساسيت مفرط، نعوظ مكرر و مداوم يا تحريك بيش از حد جنسي يا بروز صفات مردانه در زنان، ‌بايد مصرف دارو قطع شود.

مکانیزم اثر

عوارض جانبي


آندروژنيك: در زنان : بم شدن صدا، بزرگ شدن كليتوريس، ‌تغيير ميل جنسي. ‌


در مردان: قبل از بلوغ، بسته شدن زودرس اپي فيز، ‌نعوظ مكرر و مداوم، بزرگ شدن آلت تناسلي؛ بعد از بلوغ، ‌آتروفي بيضه، كاهش توليد اسپرم، كاهش حجم مني، ناتواني جنسي، ژنيكوماستي، ‌اپيديديميت.


اعصاب مركزي: سردرد، ‌افسردگي رواني.


قلبي ـ ‌عروقي: خيز.


پوست: آكنه، پوست چرب، پرمويي، ‌برافروختگي، تعريق.


دستگاه گوارش: گاستروآنتريت، تهوع، ‌استفراغ، اسهال، ‌يبوست، تغيير اشتها، افزايش وزن.


ادراري ـ تناسلي: تحريك مثانه، واژينيت، قاعدگي نامنظم.


كبد:‌ يرقان قابل برگشت، مسموميت كبدي.


ساير عوارض: افزايش كلسيم خون .


توجه:در صورت بروز زيادي كلسيم خون، خيز، واكنش حساسيت مفرط، نعوظ مكرر و مداوم يا تحريك بيش از حد جنسي يا بروز صفات مردانه در زنان، ‌بايد مصرف دارو قطع شود.

فارماكوكینتیك

تداخل دارويي


به دليل كاهش تحمل گلوكز خون، ‌ممكن است تنظيم مقدار مصرف انسولين يا داروهاي پايين آورنده قند خون در بيماران ديابتي ضروري باشد.


اكسي متولون ممكن است اثرات ضد انعقاد داروهاي وارفاريني را تشديد كرده و زمان پروترومبين را طولاني كند.


مصرف همزمان با آدرنوكورتيكو استروئيدها يا هورمون آدرنوكورتيكوتروپين موجب افزايش احتمال احتباس مايعات و الكتروليتها مي‌ شود.

سایر اطلاعات

طبقه‌بندي درماني: ضد كم خوني.


طبقه‌بندي مصرف در بارداري: رده X


اشكال دارويي:


Tablet: 50mg


ملاحظات اختصاصي


علاوه بر ملاحظات مربوط به تمامي استروئيدهاي آنابوليك، نكته زير نيز قابل توجه است:


اثر دارو بر روي پوكي استخوان (Osteoporosis) معمولاً طي 6-4 هفته بروز مي‌ كند.


مصرف در سالمندان: بيماران سالخورده مرد بايد از نظر بروز هيپرتروفي پروستات پيگيري شوند.


مصرف در كودكان: براي جلوگيري از بسته شدن زودرس اپي فيز، عضلاني شدن بيماران مونث يا بلوغ زودرس بيماران مذكر، ‌بايد اين دارو در كودكان با احتياط فراوان تجويز شود.

Oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)

ANADROL®-50
(oxymetholone) 50 mg Tablets

DRUG DESCRIPTION

ANADROL® (oxymetholone) Tablets for oral administration each contain 50 mg of the steroid oxymetholone, a potent anabolic and androgenic drug.

The chemical name for oxymetholone is 17β-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethylene)-17-methyl-5α-androstan-3-one. The structural formula is:

ANADROL®-50 (oxymetholone)    Structural Formula Illustration

Inactive Ingredients:    lactose, magnesium stearate, povidone, starch

What are the possible side effects of oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • swelling, rapid weight gain;
  • increased or ongoing erection of the penis;
  • changes in skin color;
  • urination problems; or
  • nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Women receiving oxymetholone may develop male characteristics, which could be...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Anadrol-50 »

What are the precautions when taking oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

See also Warning section.

Before taking oxymetholone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: breast cancer (males), breast cancer with high blood calcium levels (females), prostate cancer, severe kidney disease, severe liver disease.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, coronary artery...

Read All Potential Precautions of Anadrol-50 »

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

INDICATIONS

ANADROL Tablets is indicated in the treatment of anemias caused by deficient red cell production. Acquired aplastic anemia, congenital aplastic anemia, myelofibrosis and the hypoplastic anemias due to the administration of myelotoxic drugs often respond.

ANADROL Tablets should not replace other supportive measures such as transfusion, correction of iron, folic acid, vitamin B12 or pyridoxine deficiency, antibacterial therapy and the appropriate use of corticosteroids.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The recommended daily dose in children and adults is 1-5 mg/kg body weight per day. The usual effective dose is 1-2 mg/kg/day but higher doses may be required, and the dose should be individualized. Response is not often immediate, and a minimum trial of three to six months should be given. Following remission, some patients may be maintained without the drug; others may be maintained on an established lower daily dosage. A continued maintenance dose is usually necessary in patients with congenital aplastic anemia.

HOW SUPPLIED

ANADROL (oxymetholone) Tablets is supplied in bottles of 100 white scored tablets imprinted with 8633 and UNIMED (NDC 0051-8633-33).

Store at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [See USP].

Manufactured for : Unimed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. by Solvay Pharmaceuticals, Inc Marietta, GA 30062. Address medical inquiries to: Unimed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 901 Sawyer Road Marietta, GA 30062. Rev Aug 2004. FDA revision date: 8/25/2004

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

SIDE EFFECTS

Hepatic: Cholestatic jaundice with, rarely, hepatic necrosis and death. Hepatocellular neoplasms and peliosis hepatis have been reported in association with long-term androgenic anabolic steroid therapy (see WARNINGS).

Genitourinary System

In Men

Prepubertal: Phallic enlargement and increased frequency of erections.

Postpubertal: Inhibition of testicular function, testicular atrophy and oligospermia, impotence, chronic priapism, epididymitis, bladder irritability and decrease in seminal volume.

In Women

Clitoral enlargement, menstrual irregularities.

In Both Sexes

Increased or decreased libido.

CNS: Excitation, insomnia.

Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.

Hematologic: Bleeding in patients on concomitant anticoagulant therapy, iron-deficiency anemia.

Leukemia has been observed in patients with aplastic anemia treated with oxymetholone. The role, if any, of oxymetholone is unclear because malignant transformation has been seen in patients with blood dyscrasias and leukemia has been reported in patients with aplastic anemia who have not been treated with oxymetholone.

Breast: Gynecomastia.

Larynx: Deepening of the voice in women.

Hair: Hirsutism and male-pattern baldness in women, male-pattern of hair loss in postpubertal males.

Skin: Acne (especially in women and prepubertal boys).

Skeletal: Premature closure of epiphyses in children (see PRECAUTIONS, Pediatric Use), muscle cramps.

Body as a Whole: Chills.

Fluid and Electrolytes: Edema, retention of serum electrolytes (sodium, chloride, potassium, phosphate, calcium).

Metabolic/Endocrine: Decreased glucose tolerance (see PRECAUTIONS), increased serum levels of low-density lipoproteins and decreased levels of high-density lipoproteins (see PRECAUTIONS, Laboratory Tests), increased creatine and creatinine excretion, increased serum levels of creatinine phosphokinase (CPK). Reversible changes in liver function tests also occur, including increased Bromsulphalein (BSP) retention and increases in serum bilirubin, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), and alkaline phosphatase.

Drug Abuse And Dependence

Controlled Substance

ANADROL Tablets is considered to be a controlled substance and is listed in Schedule III.

Read the Anadrol-50 (oxymetholone) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Warfarin: Clinically significant pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between anabolic steroids and warfarin have been reported in healthy volunteers. When anabolic steroid therapy is initiated in a patient already receiving treatment with warfarin, the INR (international normalized ratio) or prothrombin time (PT) should be monitored closely and the dose of warfarin adjusted as necessary until a stable target INR or PT has been achieved. Furthermore, in patients receiving both ANADROL Tablets and warfarin, careful monitoring of the INR or PT and adjustment of the warfarin dosage, if indicated, are recommended when the ANADROL dose is changed or discontinued. Patients should be closely monitored for signs and symptoms of occult bleeding.

Anticoagulants: Anabolic steroids may increase sensitivity to oral anticoagulants. Dosage of the anticoagulant may have to be decreased in order to maintain the desired prothrombin time. Patients receiving oral anticoagulant therapy require close monitoring, especially when anabolic steroids are started or stopped.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interferences

Therapy with androgenic anabolic steroids may decrease levels of thyroxine-binding globulin resulting in decreased total T4 serum levels and increased resin uptake of T3 and T4. Free thyroid hormone levels remain unchanged and there is no clinical evidence of thyroid dysfunction. Altered tests usually persist for 2 to 3 weeks after stopping anabolic therapy.

Anabolic steroids may cause an increase in prothrombin time.

Anabolic steroids have been shown to alter fasting blood sugar and glucose tolerance tests.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

WARNINGS

The following conditions have been reported in patients receiving androgenic anabolic steroids as a general class of drugs:

Peliosis hepatis, a condition in which liver and sometimes splenic tissue is replaced with blood-filled cysts, has been reported in patients receiving androgenic anabolic steroid therapy. These cysts are sometimes present with minimal hepatic dysfunction, but at other times they have been associated with liver failure. They are often not recognized until life-threatening liver failure or intra-abdominal hemorrhage develops. Withdrawal of drug usually results in complete disappearance of lesions.

Liver cell tumors are also reported. Most often these tumors are benign and androgen-dependent, but fatal malignant tumors have been reported. Withdrawal of drug often results in regression or cessation of progression of the tumor. However, hepatic tumors associated with androgens or anabolic steroids are much more vascular than other hepatic tumors and may be silent until life-threatening intra-abdominal hemorrhage develops.

Blood lipid changes that are known to be associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis are seen in patients treated with androgens and anabolic steroids. These changes include decreased high density lipoprotein and sometimes increased low density lipoprotein. The changes may be very marked and could have a serious impact on the risk of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease.

Cholestatic hepatitis and jaundice occur with 17-alpha-alkylated androgens at relatively low doses. Clinical jaundice may be painless, with or without pruritus. It may also be associated with acute hepatic enlargement and right upper-quadrant pain, which has been mistaken for acute (surgical) obstruction of the bile duct. Drug-induced jaundice is usually reversible when the medication is discontinued. Continued therapy has been associated with hepatic coma and death. Because of the hepatoxicity associated with oxymetholone administration, periodic liver function tests are recommended.

In patients with breast cancer, anabolic steroid therapy may cause hypercalcemia by stimulating osteolysis. In this case, the drug should be discontinued.

Edema with or without congestive heart failure may be a serious complication in patients with pre-existing cardiac, renal or hepatic disease. Concomitant administration with adrenal steroids or ACTH may add to the edema. This is generally controllable with appropriate diuretic and/or digitalis therapy.

Geriatric male patients treated with androgenic anabolic steroids may be at an increased risk for the development of prostate hypertrophy and prostatic carcinoma.

Anabolic steroids have not been shown to enhance athletic ability.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Women should be observed for signs of virilization (deepening of the voice, hirsutism, acne and clitoromegaly). To prevent irreversible change, drug therapy must be discontinued when mild virilism is first detected. Such virilization is usual following androgenic anabolic steroid use at high doses. Some virilizing changes in women are irreversible even after prompt discontinuance of therapy and are not prevented by concomitant use of estrogens. Menstrual irregularities, including amenorrhea, may also occur.

The insulin or oral hypoglycemic dosage may need adjustment in diabetic patients who receive anabolic steroids.

Anabolic steroids may cause suppression of clotting factors II, V, VII and X, and an increase in prothrombin time.

Laboratory Tests

Women with disseminated breast carcinoma should have frequent determination of urine and serum calcium levels during the course of androgenic anabolic steroid therapy (see WARNINGS).

Because of the hepatoxicity associated with the use of 17-alpha-alkylated androgens, liver function tests should be obtained periodically.

Periodic (every 6 months) x-ray examinations of bone age should be made during treatment of prepubertal patients to determine the rate of bone maturation and the effects of androgenic anabolic steroid therapy on the epiphyseal centers.

Anabolic steroids have been reported to lower the level of high-density lipoproteins and raise the level of low-density lipoproteins. These changes usually revert to normal on discontinuation of treatment. Increased low-density lipoproteins and decreased high-density lipoproteins are considered cardiovascular risk factors. Serum lipids and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol should be determined periodically.

Hemoglobin and hematocrit should be checked periodically for polycythemia in patients who are receiving high doses of anabolics.

Because iron deficiency anemia has been observed in some patients treated with oxymetholone, periodic determination of the serum iron and iron binding capacity is recommended. If iron deficiency is detected, it should be appropriately treated with supplementary iron.

Oxymetholone has been shown to decrease 17-ketosteroid excretion.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

A two-year carcinogenicity study in rats given oxymetholone orally was conducted under the auspices of the US National Toxicology Program (NTP). A wide spectrum of neoplastic and non-neoplastic effects was observed. In male rats, no effects were classified as neoplastic in response to doses up to 150 mg/kg/day (5 times therapeutic exposures with 5 mg/kg based on body surface area). Female rats given 30 mg/kg/day (1 fold the maximum recommended clinical dose of 5 mg/kg/day based on the body surface area) had increased incidences of lung alveolar/bronchiolar adenoma and adenoma or carcinoma combined. At 100 mg/kg/day (about 3 fold the maximum recommended clinical dose of 5 mg/kg/day based on BSA), female rats had increased incidences of hepatocellular adenoma and adenoma or carcinoma combined; the combined incidence of squamous cell carcinoma and carcinoma of the sweat glands also was increased.

Human data: There are rare reports of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients receiving long-term therapy with androgens in high doses. Withdrawal of the drugs did not lead to regression of the tumors in all cases.

Geriatric patients treated with androgens may be at an increased risk of developing prostatic hypertrophy and prostatic carcinoma although conclusive evidence to support this concept is lacking.

In studies conducted under the auspices of the US National Toxicology Program, no evidence of genotoxicity was found using standard assays for mutagenicity, chromosomal aberrations, or induction of micronuclei in erythrocytes.

Impairment of fertility was not tested directly in animal species. However, as noted below under ADVERSE REACTIONS, oligospermia in males and amenorrhea in females are potential adverse effects of treatment with ANADROL Tablets. Therefore, impairment of fertility is a possible outcome of treatment with ANADROL Tablets.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy category X (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether anabolics are excreted in human milk. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursed infants from anabolics, women who take oxymetholone should not nurse.

Pediatric Use

Anabolic/androgenic steroids should be used very cautiously in children and only by specialists who are aware of their effects on bone maturation.

Anabolic agents may accelerate epiphyseal maturation more rapidly than linear growth in children, and the effect may continue for 6 months after the drug has been stopped. Therefore, therapy should be monitored by x-ray studies at 6-month intervals in order to avoid the risk of compromising the adult height.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of ANADROL Tablets did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

OVERDOSE

There have been no reports of acute overdosage with anabolics.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  1. Carcinoma of the prostate or breast in male patients.
  2. Carcinoma of the breast in females with hypercalcemia; androgenic anabolic steroids may stimulate osteolytic resorption of bones.
  3. Oxymetholone can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women. It is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant. If the patient becomes pregnant while taking the drug, she should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.
  4. Nephrosis or the nephrotic phase of nephritis.
  5. Hypersensitivity to the drug.
  6. Severe hepatic dysfunction.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone. Nitrogen balance is improved with anabolic agents but only when there is sufficient intake of calories and protein. Whether this positive nitrogen balance is of primary benefit in the utilization of protein-building dietary substances has not been established. Oxymetholone enhances the production and urinary excretion of erythropoietin in patients with anemias due to bone marrow failure and often stimulates erythropoiesis in anemias due to deficient red cell production.

Certain clinical effects and adverse reactions demonstrate the androgenic properties of this class of drugs. Complete dissociation of anabolic and androgenic effects has not been achieved. The actions of anabolic steroids are therefore similar to those of male sex hormones with the possibility of causing serious disturbances of growth and sexual development if given to young children. They suppress the gonadotropic functions of the pituitary and may exert a direct effect upon the testes.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

PATIENT INFORMATION

The health care provider should instruct patients to report immediately any use of warfarin and any bleeding.

The health care provider should instruct patients to report any of the following side effects of androgens.

Adult or Adolescent Males: Too frequent or persistent erections of the penis, appearance or aggravation of acne.

Women: Hoarseness, acne, changes in menstrual periods or more hair on the face.

All Patients: Any nausea, vomiting, changes in skin color or ankle swelling.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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PATIENT INFORMATION

The health care provider should instruct patients to report immediately any use of warfarin and any bleeding.

The health care provider should instruct patients to report any of the following side effects of androgens.

Adult or Adolescent Males: Too frequent or persistent erections of the penis, appearance or aggravation of acne.

Women: Hoarseness, acne, changes in menstrual periods or more hair on the face.

All Patients: Any nausea, vomiting, changes in skin color or ankle swelling.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/2/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Disclaimer

Anadrol-50 Consumer

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

OXYMETHOLONE - ORAL

(OX-i-METH-oh-lone)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Anadrol

WARNING: This medication may rarely cause serious, sometimes life-threatening liver problems including cysts, tumors, or liver failure. Tell your doctor immediately if you have dark urine, yellowing eyes or skin, persistent nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, or unusual fatigue.

In addition, this medication may affect your cholesterol level and increase your risk of heart disease (atherosclerosis) or blood vessel problems.

USES: This medication is a synthetic male hormone (androgen or anabolic steroid) used to treat a low red blood cell count (anemia). It works by increasing the amount of the hormone (erythropoietin) involved in the production of red blood cells.

Due to the risk of serious, possibly life-threatening side effects, this medication must not be used to improve athletic performance or physical appearance. Oxymetholone does not enhance athletic ability. When used as directed under medical supervision, the risks are minimal.

HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. It may be taken with food or milk if stomach upset occurs. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time(s) each day.

Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Do not increase your dose or take this more often than directed since the risk of side effects may be increased.

It may take between 3-6 months before a benefit from this medication occurs.

Disclaimer

Anadrol-50 Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warnings.

Diarrhea, excitation, or trouble sleeping may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these serious side effects occur: mental/mood changes, swelling of the ankles/feet, unusual or rapid weight gain, trouble breathing, decreased/increased interest in sex, new or worsening acne.

Males before puberty - tell your doctor immediately if any of these signs of maturation occur while taking this drug: enlargement of the penis, more frequent erections.

Adult males - tell your doctor immediately if any of these serious side effects occur: hair loss, trouble urinating, changes in testicle size, impotence, breast tenderness/swelling.

For males, in the very unlikely event you have a painful or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more hours, stop using this drug and seek immediate medical attention, or permanent problems could occur.

Females (both young girls and women) may experience signs of masculinization. These changes may be irreversible. Discuss the risks and benefits of therapy with your doctor. Seek immediate medical attention if the following serious side effects occur: deepening of the voice/hoarseness, facial hair growth, new or worsening acne, clitoral enlargement, menstrual period changes.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the Anadrol-50 (oxymetholone) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

PRECAUTIONS: See also Warning section.

Before taking oxymetholone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: breast cancer (males), breast cancer with high blood calcium levels (females), prostate cancer, severe kidney disease, severe liver disease.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease), swelling (edema, fluid retention), enlarged prostate, diabetes.

If you have diabetes, oxymetholone may increase your blood sugar level. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor and promptly report any abnormal results. Your diabetes medicines may need to be adjusted.

Caution is advised when using this drug in children because they may be more sensitive to its effects. This medication may stunt growth in children under 18 years of age. Periodic bone x-rays may be used to monitor the drug's effects on bone growth. Oxymetholone may also affect sexual development in children. Consult your doctor for more details.

This medication must not be used during pregnancy due to the risk of harm to an unborn baby. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. It is recommended that young girls and women of child-bearing age use effective birth control while taking this drug.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. However, due to the potential harm to a nursing infant, breast-feeding is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Disclaimer

Anadrol-50 Consumer (continued)

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: warfarin.

This drug may affect the results of certain lab tests. Make sure laboratory personnel and your doctors know you use this drug.

This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.

OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others. It is against the law.

A balanced diet, rich in iron and folic acid, may help to improve your condition. Discuss a diet plan with your doctor.

Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., blood count, iron levels, cholesterol levels, blood/urine mineral levels, liver function tests, prostate exam) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Store at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Information last revised May 2010. Copyright(c) 2010 First Databank, Inc.

Anadrol-50 Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Anadrol-50

Generic Name: oxymetholone (Pronunciation: OKS ee METH oh lone)

What is oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

Oxymetholone is an anabolic steroid, which is a man-made form of a hormone similar to testosterone.

Oxymetholone is used to treat certain types of anemia (lack of red blood cells), including aplastic anemia, myelofibrosis, or hypoplastic anemia caused by chemotherapy.

Oxymetholone may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Anadrol-50

round, white, imprinted with 8633, UNIMED

What are the possible side effects of oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • swelling, rapid weight gain;
  • increased or ongoing erection of the penis;
  • changes in skin color;
  • urination problems; or
  • nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Women receiving oxymetholone may develop male characteristics, which could be irreversible if treatment is continued. Call your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of these side effects:

  • acne;
  • changes in your menstrual periods;
  • hoarse or deepened voice;
  • male-pattern hair growth (such as on the chin or chest);
  • male pattern baldness;
  • enlarged clitoris; or
  • increase or decrease in sex drive.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • breast swelling in men;
  • feeling restless or excited;
  • sleep problems (insomnia); or
  • diarrhea.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the Anadrol-50 (oxymetholone) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects »

What is the most important information I should know about oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

This medication can cause birth defects. Do not use if you are pregnant. Use effective birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to oxymetholone, or if you have prostate cancer, male breast cancer, female breast cancer with high levels of calcium in the blood, severe liver or kidney disease, or if you are pregnant.

Before using oxymetholone, tell your doctor if you have liver or kidney disease, heart disease, congestive heart failure, high cholesterol or triglycerides, coronary artery disease, or an enlarged prostate.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as swelling, rapid weight gain, increased or ongoing erection of the penis, changes in skin color, urination problems, or signs of liver damage (nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Women receiving oxymetholone may develop male characteristics, which could be irreversible if treatment is continued. Call your doctor as soon as possible if you notice increased acne, changes in menstrual periods, a deepened voice, male pattern baldness or hair growth, an enlarged clitoris, or changes in your sex drive.

To be sure oxymetholone is helping your condition and is not causing harmful effects on your liver, your blood will need to be tested on a regular basis. Do not miss any scheduled appointments.

It may take up to 6 months of using this medicine before your symptoms improve. Tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 3 months of treatment.

Side Effects Centers

Anadrol-50 Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my health care provider before taking oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to oxymetholone, or if you have:

  • prostate cancer;
  • male breast cancer;
  • female breast cancer with high levels of calcium in the blood;
  • severe liver disease;
  • severe kidney disease; or
  • if you are pregnant.

If you have certain conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication. Before using oxymetholone, tell your doctor if you have:

  • liver disease;
  • kidney disease;
  • heart disease, congestive heart failure;
  • high cholesterol or triglycerides;
  • coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis); or
  • an enlarged prostate.

FDA pregnancy category X. This medication can cause birth defects. Do not use oxymetholone if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment. Use effective birth control while you are using this medication.

It is not known whether oxymetholone passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Children being treated with oxymetholone may need x-ray examinations every 6 months to make sure the medication is not causing harmful effects on bone growth.

Oxymetholone will not enhance athletic performance and should not be used for that purpose or shared with another person.

How should I take oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results from this medication.

To be sure oxymetholone is helping your condition and is not causing harmful effects on your liver, your blood will need to be tested on a regular basis. Do not miss any scheduled appointments.

This medication can cause you to have unusual results with certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using oxymetholone.

It may take up to 6 months of using this medicine before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed. Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 3 months of treatment.

Once your condition is under control, you may be able to stop taking oxymetholone. However, some people must continue to use at least a small amount of the medicine to keep their red blood cells from getting too low. You may need to take oxymetholone for the rest of your life. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Anemia is often treated with a combination of different drugs, including antibiotics and vitamin or mineral supplements. To best treat your condition, use all of your medications as directed by your doctor. Be sure to read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each of your medications. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without advice from your doctor.

Store oxymetholone at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Keep track of how many pills have been used from each new bottle of this medicine. Anabolic steroids are drugs of abuse and you should be aware if any person in the household is using this medicine improperly or without a prescription.

Side Effects Centers

Anadrol-50 Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Anadrol-50)?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose (Anadrol-50)?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have received too much of this medicine.

An overdose of oxymetholone is not expected to produce life-threatening symptoms.

What should I avoid while taking oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using oxymetholone.

What other drugs will affect oxymetholone (Anadrol-50)?

The following drugs can interact with oxymetholone. Tell your doctor if you are using any of these:

  • a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin); or
  • insulin or diabetes medication you take by mouth.

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with oxymetholone. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about oxymetholone.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.03. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read,understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement,which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

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